Year 2019, Volume 45, Issue 1, Pages 30 - 36 2019-03-28

Molecular Epidemiology and Risk Factors Assessment of Anaplasma spp. on Dairy Cattle in Southwest of Iran

Vahid NOAMAN [1] , Morteza MORADI [2]

66 130

DOI: 10.26650/actavet.2019.18014


The present study was carried out to determine Anaplasma species and potential risk factors associated with molecular prevalence of Anaplasma spp. among dairy cattle in southwest of Iran. A total of 88 samples out of 200 generated an expected amplicon of 866 bp from Anaplasma marginale msp4 gene. Six samples that were identified as A. marginale gave also positive results for A. phagocytophilum 16S rRNA gene with specific nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR). The multivariate analysis of risk factors revealed that the cattle of mountain regions were significantly (p=0.0001) at higher risk as compared to the plain regions. Cattle <1 year age and the latitude 32-33°C were significantly at lower risk (p<0.01). The cattle with low milk yield were significantly (p=0.002) at lower risk. Low hygienic farms were significantly (p=0.011) at higher risk as compared to good and normal hygienic farms. Distance from other farms (<1Km) was another important risk factor which showed significant association with the occurrence of Anaplasma infection (p=0.021). The results of this study can be used in strategic planning for prevention and control of bovine anaplasmosis in dairy cattle in the southwest of Iran.

Anaplasma, cattle, Iran, molecular epidemiology, risk factors
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Primary Language en
Subjects Veterinary
Journal Section Original Article
Authors

Author: Vahid NOAMAN (Primary Author)
Institution: Veterinary Medicine Group, Department of Animal Science Research, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Isfahan, Iran

Author: Morteza MORADI
Institution: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd Branch, Boroujerd, Iran

Dates

Publication Date: March 28, 2019

Bibtex @research article { actavet546901, journal = {Acta Veterinaria Eurasia}, issn = {2618-639X}, eissn = {2619-905X}, address = {İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa}, year = {2019}, volume = {45}, pages = {30 - 36}, doi = {}, title = {Molecular Epidemiology and Risk Factors Assessment of Anaplasma spp. on Dairy Cattle in Southwest of Iran}, key = {cite}, author = {NOAMAN, Vahid and MORADI, Morteza} }
APA NOAMAN, V , MORADI, M . (2019). Molecular Epidemiology and Risk Factors Assessment of Anaplasma spp. on Dairy Cattle in Southwest of Iran. Acta Veterinaria Eurasia, 45 (1), 30-36. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/actavet/issue/44293/546901
MLA NOAMAN, V , MORADI, M . "Molecular Epidemiology and Risk Factors Assessment of Anaplasma spp. on Dairy Cattle in Southwest of Iran". Acta Veterinaria Eurasia 45 (2019): 30-36 <http://dergipark.org.tr/actavet/issue/44293/546901>
Chicago NOAMAN, V , MORADI, M . "Molecular Epidemiology and Risk Factors Assessment of Anaplasma spp. on Dairy Cattle in Southwest of Iran". Acta Veterinaria Eurasia 45 (2019): 30-36
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Molecular Epidemiology and Risk Factors Assessment of Anaplasma spp. on Dairy Cattle in Southwest of Iran AU - Vahid NOAMAN , Morteza MORADI Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Acta Veterinaria Eurasia JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 30 EP - 36 VL - 45 IS - 1 SN - 2618-639X-2619-905X M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Acta Veterinaria Eurasia Molecular Epidemiology and Risk Factors Assessment of Anaplasma spp. on Dairy Cattle in Southwest of Iran %A Vahid NOAMAN , Morteza MORADI %T Molecular Epidemiology and Risk Factors Assessment of Anaplasma spp. on Dairy Cattle in Southwest of Iran %D 2019 %J Acta Veterinaria Eurasia %P 2618-639X-2619-905X %V 45 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD NOAMAN, Vahid , MORADI, Morteza . "Molecular Epidemiology and Risk Factors Assessment of Anaplasma spp. on Dairy Cattle in Southwest of Iran". Acta Veterinaria Eurasia 45 / 1 (March 2019): 30-36.
AMA NOAMAN V , MORADI M . Molecular Epidemiology and Risk Factors Assessment of Anaplasma spp. on Dairy Cattle in Southwest of Iran. Actavet. 2019; 45(1): 30-36.
Vancouver NOAMAN V , MORADI M . Molecular Epidemiology and Risk Factors Assessment of Anaplasma spp. on Dairy Cattle in Southwest of Iran. Acta Veterinaria Eurasia. 2019; 45(1): 36-30.