Writing Rules

The text of the manuscript should be prepared with Times New Roman of 12-point font and 3 cm margins on all sides, justified alignment, double-spaced, and with the page and line number. After the necessary figure arrangements, the manuscript should not exceed 20 pages, including tables and figures (excluding the cover page).

The manuscript should contain a cover page. The cover page must include the title of the article in the language of text, the names of authors (the names must be written in the order to be included in the manuscript, without academic title, without abbreviation, and the initial letters of the names must be uppercase, and following letters must be lowercase, and all of the last names must be uppercase.), the institutions in which each author works, mail address of each author and the corresponding author information must be included (for each author, clearly). It should also include a brief line of information about whether the manuscript is a graduate thesis or not, whether it is a conference proceeding and which institution has supported the research. The information on the cover page should be left justified, each of which should be written in a new line with normal text order. The main text should start on a new page with the title again, and should not contain any other information on the cover page. The whole title should be written with uppercase (but with lowercase in conjunctions such as and, or etc.), being vertical, bold, centered on the page (if any, scientific names should be excluded from this rule and written as required with the author names) and must be appropriate to the text.

The manuscript should consist of the following headings;

Title (same as the cover page)

Abstract (up to 250 words)        

Keywords (maximum 5 words not included in the title should be written by putting a comma between them)

English title (It should reflect the Turkish title, only the first letters should be uppercase but all conjunctions should be lowercase)

Abstract (It should reflect the abstract in Turkish)

Keywords (It should be English equivalents of Turkish keywords)

INTRODUCTION (without a number at the beginning of this and all main headings)


Subheading (if present) (There should be no subheadings under any subheading, no numbers should be given to subheadings)


Subheading (if present) (There should be no subheadings under any subheading, no numbers should be given to subheadings)

Acknowledgments (optional)


If the manuscript is a review, the headings of MATERIALS and METHODS, as well as, the RESULTS and DISCUSSION should not be used, and all remaining headings should be used. Instead of the two excluded headings, the appropriate headings should be utilized and written in the main heading format.

The references must be written as the author's surname, the initial letter of the name, and year, and should be shown in the alphabetical order under the REFERENCES at the end of the article. The reference with the same author (considering only the first author) should be listed chronologically. When writing the article title in the references, the first letters of words should be uppercase and the other letters should be written as lowercase. However, the first letters of the conjunctions, such as "and, or", should be written in lowercase.

If the reference is to be given at the beginning of the sentence, the author's surname should be specified, for example, as Black (2009); If the reference will be given at the end of the sentence, it should be as (Black, 2009). If the number of authors is two, the reference should be written in the form of "Black and John (2007)" at the beginning of the sentence, or in the form of (Black and John, 2009) at the end of the sentence; If the number of authors is more than two, it should be given according to the surname of the first author as Black et al. (2009), or given at the end of the sentence as (Black et al., 2009). In articles in English, when giving literature, “and” should be used instead of “ve”, and “et al.” should be used instead of “ve ark.”.

Here are some examples of a literature presentation.

Journal Articles:

Stangoulis JCR, Brown PH, Bellaloui N, Reid RJ, Graham RD (2001) The Efficiency of Boron Utilisation in Canola. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 28: 1109-1114.

Gusmao M, Siddique KHM, Flower K, Nesbitt H, Veneklaas EJ (2012) Water Deficit during the Reproductive Period of Grass Pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) Reduced Grain Yield but Maintained Seed Size. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 198: 430-441. doi: 10.1111/j.1439- 037X.2012.00513.x


Marschner P (2002) Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Özcan S, Gürel E, Babaoğlu M (2001) Bitki Biyoteknolojisi. Selçuk Üniversitesi Vakfı Yayınları, Konya.



Alkan Y (1999) Kök-ur Nematodları’na Dayanıklı ve Duyarlı Bazı Domates Çeşitlerinin Etkilenme Şekli Üzerinde Çalışmalar. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Ege Üniversitesi, İzmir.


Koca YO (2009) Aydın Bölgesinde, Birinci ve İkinci Ürün Mısırda (Zea mays) Verim, Verim Öğeleri, Fizyolojik ve Diğer Bazı Özellikler Arasındaki Farklılıklar. Doktora Tezi, Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi, Aydın.

Anonymous Resources (Non-authoritative sources should be anonymous):

Anonim (1992) Tarımsal Yapı ve Üretim. Başbakanlık Devlet İstatistik Enstitüsü, Ankara.

Excessive use of internet link references in the article should be avoided. The internet link references must be produced by prestigious organizations such as Universities, Institutions, other government agencies, extensive organizations, etc. If the authors of these references are known, the author's name should be written, otherwise, you can write "anonymously". Accessed addresses and dates of access from the web pages should be given as "date of access: 01/01/2017".

Chapters from the book:

Castillo EA, Marty JS, Condoret D, Combes K (1996) Enzymatic Catalysis in Nonconventional Media Using High Polar Molecules as Substrates. In: Dordick JS, Russell AS (eds.), Annals of the New York Academy of Science, The NewYork Academy of Science, New York, 206-211.

Proceeding books:

Yalçın İ, Doğan T, Uçucu R (2002) Analysis of Reduced Tillage Methods in Cotton Farming in Terms of Agriculture Machinery Management. In: Talat K (eds), Proceedings of the 8th International Congress on Mechanization and Energy in Agriculture Proceedings, 6-12 April 2002, İzmir,130-135.

Only table and figure expressions should be used in the manuscript, and each table and figure must be cited in the manuscript. The font of figure title, contents, and footnote must be 10-points, normal, and left-justified. The smallest font character in the figure must be 8-points. The title should be written in bold on the top of the figure; The first letter of the title should be uppercase, and following letters must be lowercase in normal thickness, the sentence must not be finished by a dot. The line spacing of the figure title and its contents should be 0 pt from the top and bottom. The first lines of the table columns must be bold and the initial of the words should be uppercase. The 1-point thick line should be drawn to the top and bottom of the first line of the table and the bottom edge of the table. Figure titles should be written as "Figure 1" with 10-point, the initial letter should be uppercase and all other letters should be written in lowercase with normal thickness, and the dot should not be placed at the end of the title. Figure title should be below the figure. The quality of the figures must be suitable for printing (at least 300 dpi); Complicated mathematical equations, complicated chemical structures should be in high-quality vector or bitmap images, etc.

All scientific abbreviations contained in the article should be given according to the International System of Units. In numerical notation, the dot should be used as decimal separator in numeric notation (for example 1.25), and the comma should be used as a thousands separator (for example 2,000,000). The numerical expressions of thousands should be avoided in the text (for example approximately 3.5 million instead of 3,455,632). Giving the exact values of such large numbers in tables prevent confusion.

“/”, “+” and “-” signs should be used in the division, addition, and subtraction equations;  “×” must be used in multiplication and binary interactions, for example, (Variety×Fertilizer) (Microsoft Word>Add> icon symbol code 180). The symbol " ° " (Symbol code 176) must be selected for displaying the degree. Other symbols and code numbers to be used are as follows; “±” (177), “≥” (179), “≤” (163), “µ” (181), “∞” (165), “≠” (185). When stating the ranges between two value, “-” (45) should be used instead of “-”. Both double and single quotation marks should be used as “” and ‘’.

There should be one space between number and unit (e.g. 21 kg), no space should be present before the symbol % (e.g. 45%).