Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 151 - 158 2019-06-30

Johnson’s Artistic Resistance to British Brutality: “Inglan Is a Bitch” and “Sonny’s Lettah”
Johnson’ın İngiliz Zalimliğine Sanatsal Direnişi: “Fahişe İngiltere” ve “Oğlundan Mektup” Şiirleri

Kübra KANGÜLEÇ COŞKUN [1]

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As a Jamaican poet, Linton Kwesi Johnson is the forerunner of dub poetry that combines words with reggae rhythm. Johnson establishes a postcolonial discourse of his own and uses his dub poetry to fight against the dominant Western discourse. His poetry tells stories from the black immigrant’s life by using a Creole English and the rhythmic music of Jamaican culture. Thus, his poetry voices the real immigrant experience in Britain in a highly dramatic way. This article focuses on two important poems by Johnson; “Inglan Is a Bitch” and “Sonnah’s Lettah”. In both poems, Johnson subverts the English language, and thus reveals his resistance to the colonial power in the level of language. Besides, both poems have the same political concern of revealing the British discrimination against the blacks. In this respect, Johnson’s poetry is surely his artistic tool against racism and serves to his political activism.

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Jamaikalı şair Linton Kwesi Johnson sözcüklerle reggae ritimlerini birleştiren dub şiirinin öncüsüdür. Johnson şiiriyle kendine ait bir sömürge sonrası söylem yaratır ve dub şiirini egemen Batı söylemine karşı yürüttüğü savaşında kullanır. Kreole İngilizcesi ve Jamaika kültürünün ritmik müziğini kullanan şiirleri siyahi göçmenlerin hayat hikayelerini anlatır. Bu nedenle, Johnson şiirleri İngiltere’deki gerçek göçmen deneyimlerini oldukça canlı ve yaratıcı bir biçimde gözler önüne serer. Bu  makale Johnson’ın “Inglan Is a Bitch” (Fahişe İngiltere) ve “Sonnah’s Lettah” (Oğlundan Mektup) başlıklı iki şiirine odaklanır. Her iki şiir de İngilizce’yi kasti olarak bozar ve bozuk bir dil kullanır, bu kullanım sömürgeci güçlere karşı dil düzeyinde bir meydan okuyuştur. Ayrıca her iki şiir siyahilere karşı yapılan İngiliz ayrımcılığını ve zulmünü ortaya koyarken, İngilizlerin siyahları tanımlamak için yarattığı vahşi “siyahi hayvan” stereotipinin ardındaki insanı gösterir. Bu açıdan, Johnson’ın şiirleri ırkçılığa karşı şairin kullandığı sanatsal bir silahtır ve şairin siyasi aktivizmine hizmet eder.

  • Arnold, Guy. (1989). Britain since 1945. London: Blandford. Cloake, J.A. and Tudor, M.R. (2001). Multicultural Britain. Oxford: Oxford UP.Dawson, Ashley. (2006). Linton Kwesi Johnson’s Dub Poetry and the Political Aesthetics of Carnival in Britain. Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism, 54-69.
  • DiNovella, Elizabeth. (2007). Linton Kwesi Johnson Interview, The Progressive, 71(2), 33-36.
  • Fanon, Frantz. (1967). Black Skin, White Masks. New York: Grove.França, Junior J.L. (2011, January 7). The Arts of Resistance in the Poetry of Linton Kwesi Johnson. The Federal University of São João del-Rei.
  • Hoyles, Asher and Hoyles, Martin. (2002). Black Performance Poetry in England. Moving Voices: Black Performance Poetry. London: Hansib.
  • Johnson, Linton Kwesi. (1991). Inglan Is a Bitch. In Tings an Times. London: Bloodaxe Books.---. Sonnah’s Lettah. (1991). In Tings an Times. London: Bloodaxe Books.Linton Kwesi Johnson. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.lintonkwesijohnson.com/
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  • Whitfield, James (2009, August 12). Stop and Search: What Can We Learn From History? History Extra. Retrieved from https://www.historyextra.com/period/stop-and-search-what-can-we-learn-from-history/ Wroe, Nicholas. (2008, March 8). I did my own thing, interview with Linton Kwesi Johnson. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/books/2008/mar/08/featuresreviews.guardianreview11 Yuval-Davis, Nira. (1997). Debating Cultural Hybridity: Multi-Cultural Identities and the Politics of Anti-Racism, Eds. Pnina Werbner and Tariq Modood, ZED, London.
Primary Language en
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7079-2486
Author: Kübra KANGÜLEÇ COŞKUN (Primary Author)
Institution: Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: June 30, 2019

Bibtex @research article { aeusbed469035, journal = {Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {2149-0767}, address = {Ahi Evran University}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, pages = {151 - 158}, doi = {10.31592/aeusbed.469035}, title = {Johnson’s Artistic Resistance to British Brutality: “Inglan Is a Bitch” and “Sonny’s Lettah”}, key = {cite}, author = {KANGÜLEÇ COŞKUN, Kübra} }
APA KANGÜLEÇ COŞKUN, K . (2019). Johnson’s Artistic Resistance to British Brutality: “Inglan Is a Bitch” and “Sonny’s Lettah”. Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 5 (1), 151-158. DOI: 10.31592/aeusbed.469035
MLA KANGÜLEÇ COŞKUN, K . "Johnson’s Artistic Resistance to British Brutality: “Inglan Is a Bitch” and “Sonny’s Lettah”". Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 5 (2019): 151-158 <http://dergipark.org.tr/aeusbed/issue/46626/469035>
Chicago KANGÜLEÇ COŞKUN, K . "Johnson’s Artistic Resistance to British Brutality: “Inglan Is a Bitch” and “Sonny’s Lettah”". Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 5 (2019): 151-158
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Johnson’s Artistic Resistance to British Brutality: “Inglan Is a Bitch” and “Sonny’s Lettah” AU - Kübra KANGÜLEÇ COŞKUN Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31592/aeusbed.469035 DO - 10.31592/aeusbed.469035 T2 - Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 151 EP - 158 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - 2149-0767- M3 - doi: 10.31592/aeusbed.469035 UR - https://doi.org/10.31592/aeusbed.469035 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi Johnson’s Artistic Resistance to British Brutality: “Inglan Is a Bitch” and “Sonny’s Lettah” %A Kübra KANGÜLEÇ COŞKUN %T Johnson’s Artistic Resistance to British Brutality: “Inglan Is a Bitch” and “Sonny’s Lettah” %D 2019 %J Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 2149-0767- %V 5 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31592/aeusbed.469035 %U 10.31592/aeusbed.469035
ISNAD KANGÜLEÇ COŞKUN, Kübra . "Johnson’s Artistic Resistance to British Brutality: “Inglan Is a Bitch” and “Sonny’s Lettah”". Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 5 / 1 (June 2019): 151-158. https://doi.org/10.31592/aeusbed.469035
AMA KANGÜLEÇ COŞKUN K . Johnson’s Artistic Resistance to British Brutality: “Inglan Is a Bitch” and “Sonny’s Lettah”. Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 5(1): 151-158.
Vancouver KANGÜLEÇ COŞKUN K . Johnson’s Artistic Resistance to British Brutality: “Inglan Is a Bitch” and “Sonny’s Lettah”. Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 5(1): 158-151.