Year 2012, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 48 - 64 2012-04-01

The Limited Impact of the USA on Political Liberalization in Egypt during the Mubarak Era

Müge Aknur and Erkan Okalan [1] , Müge Aknur [2] , Erkan Okalan [3]

217 332

Among all authoritarian Arab regimes in the Middle Eastern and North African region, Egypt can be considered as a crucial example which has attempted to take a number of steps toward political liberalization since the 1970s. As an external actor through its aid programs, bilateral agreements, direct grant programs, and partnership initiatives, the United States seemed to be working towards economic and political liberalization and democratization in Egypt. However, in spite of this seemingly fervent endeavor, particularly during the rule of President Mubarak, the US governments have failed in their attempts to liberalize Egypt. This article attempts to explain why the USA was not able to succeed in its initiatives to liberalize Egypt, despite its serious economic assistances and political efforts by referring to two research traditions within comparative politics: structuralist analysis and rational choice theory. It argues that the USA, due to the problems concerning the structure of USAID, MEPI and BMENA, and the rational choices made by the same organizations had a limited impact on political liberalization process in Egypt.
Egyptian politics, political liberalization, external actors, the United States of America (USA), structural analysis, rational choice
Primary Language en
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Müge Aknur and Erkan Okalan

Author: Müge Aknur

Author: Erkan Okalan

Dates

Publication Date: April 1, 2012

Bibtex @ { alternatives20849, journal = {Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations}, issn = {2146-0809}, eissn = {1303-5525}, address = {Yalova University}, year = {2012}, volume = {11}, pages = {48 - 64}, doi = {}, title = {The Limited Impact of the USA on Political Liberalization in Egypt during the Mubarak Era}, key = {cite}, author = {Aknur, Müge and Okalan, Erkan} }
APA Okalan, M , Aknur, M , Okalan, E . (2012). The Limited Impact of the USA on Political Liberalization in Egypt during the Mubarak Era. Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, 11 (2), 48-64. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/alternatives/issue/1686/20849
MLA Okalan, M , Aknur, M , Okalan, E . "The Limited Impact of the USA on Political Liberalization in Egypt during the Mubarak Era". Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 11 (2012): 48-64 <http://dergipark.org.tr/alternatives/issue/1686/20849>
Chicago Okalan, M , Aknur, M , Okalan, E . "The Limited Impact of the USA on Political Liberalization in Egypt during the Mubarak Era". Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 11 (2012): 48-64
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Limited Impact of the USA on Political Liberalization in Egypt during the Mubarak Era AU - Müge Aknur and Erkan Okalan , Müge Aknur , Erkan Okalan Y1 - 2012 PY - 2012 N1 - DO - T2 - Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 48 EP - 64 VL - 11 IS - 2 SN - 2146-0809-1303-5525 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations The Limited Impact of the USA on Political Liberalization in Egypt during the Mubarak Era %A Müge Aknur and Erkan Okalan , Müge Aknur , Erkan Okalan %T The Limited Impact of the USA on Political Liberalization in Egypt during the Mubarak Era %D 2012 %J Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations %P 2146-0809-1303-5525 %V 11 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Okalan, Müge Aknur and Erkan , Aknur, Müge , Okalan, Erkan . "The Limited Impact of the USA on Political Liberalization in Egypt during the Mubarak Era". Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 11 / 2 (April 2012): 48-64.
AMA Okalan M , Aknur M , Okalan E . The Limited Impact of the USA on Political Liberalization in Egypt during the Mubarak Era. Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations. 2012; 11(2): 48-64.
Vancouver Okalan M , Aknur M , Okalan E . The Limited Impact of the USA on Political Liberalization in Egypt during the Mubarak Era. Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations. 2012; 11(2): 64-48.