Year 2019, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 35 - 65 2019-06-30

Angola Petrol Gelirlerinin ve Kurumsal Kalitesinin, Ekonomik ve Sosyal Yapıları Üzerindeki Etkileri
The Effects of Angola Oil Revenues and Institutional Quality on Economic and Social Structures

Gülşen KAŞ [1]

17 47

Ayrıca bir ekonometrik model kurularak, petrol üretimi ve fiyatları ile ekonomik büyüme arasındaki ilişkinin yanı sıra, petrolün, kurumsal kaliteyi gösteren hukukun kuralları üzerindeki etkisi ölçülmüştür. Ekonometrik model sonuçları, petrol üretimi ve fiyatlarının hem ekonomik büyüme hem de hukukun kuralları değişkenleri üzerinde kısa dönemde pozitif etkiye sahip olduğunu göstermektedir. Bu sonuca göre, ekonomik kalkınmayı gerçekleştirmek isteyen ülkelerin, doğal kaynaklarını ve kurumsal kalitesini de dikkate alarak, toplumun yaşam kalitesini yükseltecek şekilde uzun dönemli ve uygulanabilir bir ekonomik kalkınma programını oluşturması gerekliliği ortaya çıkmaktadır.
Kaynak laneti teorisine göre, özellikle petrol zengini ülkelerin birçoğunun sürdürülebilir bir ekonomik büyümeyi ve kalkınmayı gerçekleştiremediği görülmektedir. Kurumsal kalitesi düşük, altyapısı azgelişmiş, yolsuzluk ve gelir eşitsizliği yüksek ve kaynak dışı sektör gelişimi az olan ülkelerde daha çok görülen bu durum, halkı yoksullaştıran ve yaşam kalitesini düşüren bir duruma neden olmaktadır. Bu çalışmada petrol üreticisi Angola’nın, kaynak gelirlerinin ve kurumsal kalitesinin, ekonomik ve sosyal yapıları üzerindeki etkileri, 2000-2018 dönemi için incelenmektedir. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre kurumsal kalite faktörünün, diğer bir ifadeyle hükümetlerin yönetişim becerisinin, ekonomik faktörlerden daha ön plana çıktığı ve kurumsal kalitenin, Angola’nın sosyo-ekonomik gelişimi üzerinde olumsuz etkilere neden olduğunu göstermektedir.

In addition, by establishing an econometric model, the relationship between with the economic growth the oil production and prices as well as, the effect of oil which is shows institutional quality, on the rules of law were measured. Econometric model results, show that oil production and prices have positive effects short period on economic growth and rules of law. According to this result, it is necessary to create a long-term and feasible economic development program in order to increase the quality of life of the society by taking into consideration the natural resources and institutional quality of the countries that want to realize economic development.
According to the resource curse theory, most of the oil-rich countries do not achieve the sustainable economic growth and development. This situation, which is more prevalent in the countries which are high in corruption and inequality of income, also the low institutional quality, causes a situation that impoverishes the population and decreases the quality of life. In this study, of the oil producer Angola the effects on the economic and social structures of resource revenues and institutional quality are examined for the period of 2000-2018. According to the results of the research, it can be seen that institutional quality factor, in other words, governance ability of governments is more prominent than economic factors and institutional quality is showed the negative effects on the socio-economic development of Angola.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Management
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0224-5875
Author: Gülşen KAŞ
Institution: İSTANBUL AYDIN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: June 30, 2019

APA KAŞ, G . (2019). Angola Petrol Gelirlerinin ve Kurumsal Kalitesinin, Ekonomik ve Sosyal Yapıları Üzerindeki Etkileri. Bulletin of Economic Theory and Analysis, 4 (1), 35-65. DOI: 10.25229/beta.542970