### Author Guidelines

NOTES FOR CONTRIBUTORS

Bulletin of Economic Theory and Analysis uses American Psychological Association (APA) 6.0 th ed for citations, footnotes and reference list. Manuscripts should be prepared according to APA, 6th ed., except for the additional requirement of numbering the sections, as described below.

FORMAT

This is a sample of the format for A4-sized pages (21 x 29 cm) with left, right, top and bottom margins of 2.5 cm. Use 12 pt size Times New Roman with 1,5 space.  The first line of each paragraph should be indented 1.25cm. The title of the paper should be written to header on the left side of the paper and the page number should be written to right header.

STRUCTURE

The manuscript should be structured as; the title of the paper, abstract, key words, JEL codes, introduction, methodology, results, acknowledgements, references and appendix.

TITLE OF THE PAPER

It is written on the first page of the manuscript. Title should not exceed 12 words or contain abbreviations. Title should be written centered and first letter of the words capitalized. In the below the name of the authors should be written without academic title. The affiliation of the authors should be written as a footnote left-aligned.  The footnote contains institution of author, funding of study if it is supported by project and e-mail address of the writer(s) for communication.

ABSTRACT

The abstract should not exceed 200 words. Manuscripts in Turkish should have both Turkish and English abstracts with English title. The abstract should contain the aim of the paper, methodology, findings and results. The first page of the manuscript should consist of Turkish-English title, abstract, at least three, at most five key words and JEL (Journal of Economic Literature) codes. Key words and JEL codes should be written italic and indented 1.25cm.

EQUATIONS

Equations should be written right aligned and consecutively ordered.  Do not use images as equations.

TABLES

Tables and figures should be in their actual positions in the paper, not placed at the end or on separate pages. Tables should be numbered consecutively and the title of table should be placed under the name of the table. Notes should be written end of the table and centered.

Example:

Table 1

Unemployment in 2011-2015

 Years Unemployment(%) 2011 9.1 2012 8.4 2013 9 2014 9.9 2015 10.3

Notes. Source is TURKSTAT.

FIGURES

Figures should be numbered consecutively and the title of figure placed under the figure and justified.  Notes should be written after title of the figure.

Example:

Figure 1. Public Debt/GDP the term of 2005-2016. Adopted by EUROSTAT.

TITLES

 LEVEL OF TITLE APA FORMAT 1st level Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Headings 2nd level Left-aligned, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading 3th level Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase heading with a period. Begin body text after the period. 4th level Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase heading with a period. Begin body text after the period. 5th level Indented, italicized, lowercase heading with a period. Begin body text after the period

IN-TEXT CITATIONS AND THE REFERENCE LIST

In-text citations and the reference list should also be prepared in accordance with APA, 6th ed., described as below:

Books and eBooks

 Material Type In-Text Citation Reference List & Notes Book: Single author (Eichengreen, 1998) Eichengreen, B. J. (1998). Globalizing capital: a history of the international monetary system. Princeton University Press. Book: Two authors (Snowdon & Vane, 2005) Snowdon, B., & Vane, H. R. (2005). Modern macroeconomics: Its origins, development and current state. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. Book: 3-5 authors First citation: (Krugman, Obstfeld, & Melitz, 2012) Subsequent citations: (Krugman et al.,2012) Krugman, P. R., Obstfeld, M., & Melitz, M. J. (2012). International economics: Theory & policy. Boston: Pearson Addison-Wesley. Book: Different editions (Frank & Bernanke, 2004) Frank, R. H., & Bernanke, B. (2004). Principles of economics (5th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. Book: Editor (Granger, 1991) Granger, C. W. (Ed.). (1991). Modelling economic series: Readings in econometric methodology. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Book: Organisation as author (U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1993) U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. (1993). Labor composition and U.S. productivity growth, 1948-90. Washington, DC: Author. Book: Chapter [ie. article] in edited book (Bai & Kao, 2006) Bai, J., & Kao, C. (2006). On the Estimation and Inference of a Panel Cointegration Model with Cross-Sectional Dependence. In B. H. Baltagi (Eds.), Panel Data Econometrics - Theoretical Contributions and Empirical Applications Contributions to Economic Analysis(pp.  3-30).  Amsterdam: Elsevier. eBook: Entire book (Baltagi, 2009) Baltagi, B. H. (2009). Econometric analysis of panel data.  Retrieved from Wiley. eBook: Chapter (Bai & Kao, 2006) Bai, J., & Kao, C. (2006). On the Estimation and Inference of a Panel Cointegration Model with Cross-Sectional Dependence. In B. H. Baltagi (Eds.), Panel Data Econometrics - Theoretical Contributions and Empirical Applications Contributions to Economic Analysis(pp.  3-30).  Retrieved from Elsevier.

Journal Articles

 Material Type In-Text Citation Reference List & Notes Journal article online: Digital Object Identifier supplied (Bernanke, 2013) Bernanke, B. S. (2013). A Century of US Central Banking: Goals, Frameworks, Accountability. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 27(4), 3-16. doi:10.1257/jep.27.4.3 Journal article online: Digital Object Identifier supplied, 2 authors (Esteve & Tamarit, 2012) Esteve, V., & Tamarit, C. (2012). Threshold cointegration and nonlinear adjustment between CO2 and income: The Environmental Kuznets Curve in Spain, 1857–2007. Energy Economics, 34(6), 2148-2156. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.03.001 Journal article online: Digital Object Identifier supplied, 3 authors (Song, Zheng, & Tong, 2008) Song, T., Zheng, T., & Tong, L. (2008). An empirical test of the environmental Kuznets curve in China: A panel cointegration approach. China Economic Review, 19(3), 381-392. doi:10.1016/j.chieco.2007.10.001 Journal article online: No DOI supplied (Saks, 2008) Saks, R. E. (2008). Job creation and housing construction: Constraints on metropolitan area employment growth. Journal of Urban Economics, 64(1), 178-195. Retrieved from ScienceDirect. Journal article online: No DOI supplied (freely available on the Web) (Case & Shiller, 2003) Case, K. E., & Shiller, R. J. (2003). Is There a Bubble in the Housing Market.Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, (2). Retrieved from  http://www.econ.yale.edu/~shiller/pubs/p1089.pdf Journal article submitted for publication (Murphy & Ackermann, 2013). Murphy, R.O., & Ackermann, K.A. (2013). Explaining behavior in public goods games: How preferences and beliefs affect contribution levels. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Conference Proceedings

 Material Type In-Text Citation Reference List & Notes Paper in conference proceedings in print (Aksoy & Uğurlu, 2013) Aksoy, E. E., & Uğurlu, E. (2013). The effects of the 2007-2008 financial crisis on Turkish firms. 10th EBES Conference (pp. 233-241). Istanbul: EBES Publications. Paper in conference proceedings online: Electronic database (Uğurlu, 2014) Uğurlu, E. (2014, October). The Impact of Urbanization on CO2 Emissions in Transition  Countries. Paper Presented at the NYSEA 67th Annual Meeting. Retrieved from http://www.nyecon.net/nysea/publications/proceed/2014/NYSEA_Proceedings_2014.pdf#page=171 Conference papers: Unpublished (Şenesen, 1986) Şenesen, Ü. (1986). A macroeconometric model for the Turkish economy. Paper Presented at the World Conference of Applied Econometric Association, Istanbul, Turkey, 01 May 1986.

Reports

 Material Type In-Text Citation Reference List & Notes Government reports (Republic of Turkey. Ministry of Development, 2016) Republic of Turkey. Ministry of Development. (2016). Medium Term Program (2017-2019) Main Macroeconomic and Fiscal Targets. Retrieved from http://www.mod.gov.tr/Pages/content.aspx?List=da71bf51-cd71-420a-bfc8-9dfba104e918&ID=116 Non-government reports (Uysal, 2013) Uysal, Y. (2013). 2012 Yılında Türkiye Ekonomisi ve 2013 Yılından Beklentiler. Retrieved from http://kisi.deu.edu.tr/yasar.uysal/site/raporlar/2012YiliEkonomi2013YiliBeklenti.html

Theses

 Material Type In-Text Citation Reference List & Notes Thesis in print: Unpublished (Ugurlu, 2006) Ugurlu, E. (2006). Real exchange rate and economic growth: Turkey (Unpublished master’s thesis). Istanbul Technical University. Thesis online: Electronic database (Ugurlu, 2011) Ugurlu, E. (2011). Investigating Turkish energy market by multivariate linear regression analysis (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from YOK – Turkey. (298269)

Web Sources

 Material Type In-Text Citation Reference List & Notes Web page (The Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey, 2016) The Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey.  (2016). Fiscal Monitoring. Retrieved from  http://www.tepav.org.tr/en/calismalarimiz/s/343

Tables & Figures

 Material Type In-Text Citation Reference List & Notes All or part of a table, figure, or data used in text: From a print journal Table 4. Uyarlandığı yer “Foreign direct investment, investment agreements and economic development: Myths and realities,” by Y. Akyuz, 2015, Ekonomi-tek International Economics Journal, 4(1), 1-47. Copyright 2015 by Ekonomi-tek International Economics Journal Adapted with permission. Akyuz, Y. (2015). Foreign direct investment, investment agreements and economic development: Myths and realities. Ekonomi-tek International Economics Journal, 4(1), 1-47. All or part of a table, figure, or data used in text: From a book Figure 8.1. Uyarlandığı yer Longitudinal and panel data: Analysis and applications in the social sciences, p. 305, by E. W. Frees, 2004, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Copyright 2004 by Cambridge University Press. Reprinted with a permission. Frees, E. W. (2004). Longitudinal and panel data: Analysis and applications in the social sciences. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. All or part of a table, figure, or data used in text: From the Web. Note. The data in column # are from External Debt : Use of IMF credit (Million $), Turkey, Oct 2016, Turkish Statistical Institute. Copyright 2016 by TUIK. Reprinted with permission. Turkish Statistical Institute. (2016). External Debt : Use of IMF credit (Million$) Turkey, October 2016, Retrieved from https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/secilmisgostergeler/degiskenlerUzerindenSorgula.do