Year 2019, Volume , Issue 90, Pages 93 - 115 2019-07-30

Kazak Halkının Mevsimlik Otlaklara Göç Etme Özellikleri (19 yy. – 20. yy. Baş Dönemleri)
Peculiarities of Seasonal Migration of The Kazakhs (The End of The XIX – The Beginning of The XX)

Tattigül Kartaeva [1]

10 13

Geleneksel olarak hayvancılıkla uğraşan Kazak halkı, hayvan sürülerini her mevsimde tabii otlaklarda yetiştirilmiştir(yetistirirdi). Bu amaçla Kazak halkı otlakları mevsimlere göre kullanmışlardır: kıstau (kışlık otlak), kökteu (baharlık otlak), jaylau (yayla, yani yazlık otlak) ve kuzdeu (sonbaharlık otlak). Makale sahibi ilmî veriler ışığında Kazakların mevsimlik otlakları kullanma şekillerini, göç yollarının tarihi topografyası ile kartografyasını incelemiştir. “Geleneksel göçebe kurallarına” bağlı Kazak toplumu, kendi geleneklerini, örf ve adetlerini, batıl inançlarını oluşturmuşlardır. Göçebe hayvancılıkla uğraşan kabileler oldukça uzaklara göç etmişlerdir. Kazak topraklarında Rus Çarlık yönetiminin hüküm sürmeye başlaması ve göç yoluyla yeni yerleşimcilerin gelmesiyle birlikte ХІХ. yy. ikinci yarısından itibaren göçebelikten yerleşik hayata geçiş aşaması hızlanmıştır. Uzaklara göç edecek kabileler göçün meridionel, kısa mesafeye göç edecek olanlar “tasımal” taşımacılık şeklini kullanmışlardır. Oysa dağlı, taşlı bölgelerdeki yaylalara göçecek olanlar dağ geçitlerinin kenarından “dik” ya da “dikey” olarak yükselerek göç etmişlerdir.

The Kazakhs, involved in livestock keeping, provided their livestock with natural pastures in all seasons. For this purpose the Kazakhs used pastures according to seasons: qystau (winter pasture), kokteu (spring pasture), zhailav (summer pasture) and kuzdeu (autumn pasture). The given article considers the usage of seasonal camps and historical-topography and cartography of the route of the Kazakhs on the basis of scientific facts. There were traditions and beliefs connected with seasonal migration. Those tribes who were involved in livestock keeping used to move to a long distance. The introduction of Russian tsar regime and the arrival of settlers made the nomads transfer to settled way of life in the second part of the XIX century. Tribes who moved a long distance used meridional, a short distance – transportation, to highlands – “direct” or “vertical” type of moving.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-6180-4107
Author: Tattigül Kartaeva

Dates

Publication Date: July 30, 2019

Bibtex @research article { bilig600106, journal = {Bilig}, issn = {1301-0549}, address = {Akhmet Yassawi University}, year = {2019}, volume = {}, pages = {93 - 115}, doi = {10.12995/bilig.9005}, title = {Peculiarities of Seasonal Migration of The Kazakhs (The End of The XIX – The Beginning of The XX)}, key = {cite}, author = {Kartaeva, Tattigül} }
APA Kartaeva, T . (2019). Peculiarities of Seasonal Migration of The Kazakhs (The End of The XIX – The Beginning of The XX). Bilig, (90), 93-115. DOI: 10.12995/bilig.9005
MLA Kartaeva, T . "Peculiarities of Seasonal Migration of The Kazakhs (The End of The XIX – The Beginning of The XX)". Bilig (2019): 93-115 <http://dergipark.org.tr/bilig/issue/47531/600106>
Chicago Kartaeva, T . "Peculiarities of Seasonal Migration of The Kazakhs (The End of The XIX – The Beginning of The XX)". Bilig (2019): 93-115
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Peculiarities of Seasonal Migration of The Kazakhs (The End of The XIX – The Beginning of The XX) AU - Tattigül Kartaeva Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.12995/bilig.9005 DO - 10.12995/bilig.9005 T2 - Bilig JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 93 EP - 115 VL - IS - 90 SN - 1301-0549- M3 - doi: 10.12995/bilig.9005 UR - https://doi.org/10.12995/bilig.9005 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Bilig Peculiarities of Seasonal Migration of The Kazakhs (The End of The XIX – The Beginning of The XX) %A Tattigül Kartaeva %T Peculiarities of Seasonal Migration of The Kazakhs (The End of The XIX – The Beginning of The XX) %D 2019 %J Bilig %P 1301-0549- %V %N 90 %R doi: 10.12995/bilig.9005 %U 10.12995/bilig.9005
ISNAD Kartaeva, Tattigül . "Peculiarities of Seasonal Migration of The Kazakhs (The End of The XIX – The Beginning of The XX)". Bilig / 90 (July 2019): 93-115. https://doi.org/10.12995/bilig.9005
AMA Kartaeva T . Peculiarities of Seasonal Migration of The Kazakhs (The End of The XIX – The Beginning of The XX). Bilig. 2019; (90): 93-115.
Vancouver Kartaeva T . Peculiarities of Seasonal Migration of The Kazakhs (The End of The XIX – The Beginning of The XX). Bilig. 2019; (90): 115-93.