Year 2019, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 54 - 81 2019-02-01

Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Olasılıkla İlgili Hata ve Kavram Yanılgıları: Bir Kavram Haritası Çalışması
The Situation of Middle School Students about Probability: A Concept Map Study

Sebahat Yetim [1]

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Bu araştırma, ortaokul 8. sınıf öğrencilerinin olasılık konusundaki hata ve kavram yanılgılarını ortaya çıkarmak için gerçekleştirilmiştir.  Çalışmanın örneklemini ilköğretim 8. sınıfta öğrenim görmekte olan 22 öğrenci oluşturmuştur. Veri toplama aracı olarak önce olasılık konusu ile ilgili iki tane kavram haritası hazırlandı. Birinci kavram haritası 6, 7 ve 8. sınıflar, ikincisi ise sadece 8. sınıf müfredatını içermektedir. Hazırlanan kavram haritaları uzman görüşleriyle tekrar düzenlendi. Öğrencilere birinci kavram haritasıyla iki ders saatinde hem kavram haritaları hakkında bilgi verildi hem de olasılık konusu özet yapıldı. Daha sonra ikinci kavram haritası bir ders saatinde 22 öğrenciden oluşan sınıfa öğretmenler ve araştırmacı rehberliğinde uygulandı. Yapılan değerlendirmeler sonucunda hata ve kavram yanılgısı olan öğrencilerden beş tanesiyle mülakat yapılarak olasılık konusu hakkındaki hata ve kavram yanılgıları teşhis edilmeye çalışılmıştır. Verilere bakıldığında öğrencilerde en fazla olasılık çeşitlerinde hata ve kavram yanılgısının olduğu görülmüştür. Olasılık çeşitlerinde de özellikle teorik olasılık ile deneysel olasılığın birbirinden ayırt edilemediği gözlenmiştir. Sarmal yapıdaki eğitim sistemimizde öğrencilerin daha önceki öğrenimlerini bir bütün olarak kavram haritası gibi bir materyalle sunmaları kalıcı, anlamlı ve kolay öğrenme adına önemli bir çalışma olabilir.

This research was conducted to reveal learner mistakes and misconceptions of secondary school 8th grade students regarding the subject of probability. Sample of the study consists of 22 students studying at secondary school 8th grade. Initially two concept maps were prepared in relation to probability subject as data collection tool. First concept map covers the curriculum of 6th, 7th and 8th grades while the latter covers only 8th grade curriculum. The concept maps were revised in accordance with expert views. The students were informed about concept maps and the probability subject was summarized in two courses with the first concept map. Then, the second concept map was implemented on a class of 22 students under the guidance of teachers and researcher. As a result of evaluations, five students with mistakes and misconceptions were interviewed to detect the mistakes and misconceptions regarding the probability subject. As far as the data concerned, it was seen that most of the students have mistaken and misconceptions regarding probability types. It was observed that particularly theoretical probability and experimental probability are confused. In our education system, with spiral structure, presenting previous learnings as a whole to learners in the form of concept map may be an important step for permanent and meaningful learning.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Makaleler / Articles
Authors

Orcid: orcid.org/0000-0001-6140-1623
Author: Sebahat Yetim
Institution: GAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: February 1, 2019

Bibtex @research article { buefad427971, journal = {Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education}, issn = {}, eissn = {1308-7177}, address = {Bartin University}, year = {2019}, volume = {8}, pages = {54 - 81}, doi = {10.14686/buefad.427971}, title = {The Situation of Middle School Students about Probability: A Concept Map Study}, key = {cite}, author = {Yetim, Sebahat} }
APA Yetim, S . (2019). The Situation of Middle School Students about Probability: A Concept Map Study. Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education, 8 (1), 54-81. DOI: 10.14686/buefad.427971
MLA Yetim, S . "The Situation of Middle School Students about Probability: A Concept Map Study". Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education 8 (2019): 54-81 <http://dergipark.org.tr/buefad/issue/42863/427971>
Chicago Yetim, S . "The Situation of Middle School Students about Probability: A Concept Map Study". Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education 8 (2019): 54-81
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Situation of Middle School Students about Probability: A Concept Map Study AU - Sebahat Yetim Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.14686/buefad.427971 DO - 10.14686/buefad.427971 T2 - Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 54 EP - 81 VL - 8 IS - 1 SN - -1308-7177 M3 - doi: 10.14686/buefad.427971 UR - https://doi.org/10.14686/buefad.427971 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education The Situation of Middle School Students about Probability: A Concept Map Study %A Sebahat Yetim %T The Situation of Middle School Students about Probability: A Concept Map Study %D 2019 %J Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education %P -1308-7177 %V 8 %N 1 %R doi: 10.14686/buefad.427971 %U 10.14686/buefad.427971
ISNAD Yetim, Sebahat . "The Situation of Middle School Students about Probability: A Concept Map Study". Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education 8 / 1 (February 2019): 54-81. https://doi.org/10.14686/buefad.427971
AMA Yetim S . The Situation of Middle School Students about Probability: A Concept Map Study. Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education. 2019; 8(1): 54-81.
Vancouver Yetim S . The Situation of Middle School Students about Probability: A Concept Map Study. Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education. 2019; 8(1): 81-54.