Year 2019, Volume 159, Issue 159, Pages 1 - 27 2019-08-15

The control of sea-level changes on sedimentation in the Mut Basin: Late Serravallian-Early Tortonian incised valley-fill
Mut Havzası’nda deniz düzeyi değişimlerinin sedimantasyon üzerindeki kontrolü: Geç Serravaliyen-Erken Tortoniyen kazınma vadisi dolgusu

Ayhan ILGAR [1] , Tolga ESİRTGEN [2] , Aynur HAKYEMEZ [3] , Gönül ÇULHA [4] , Serap DEMİRKAYA [5] , Banu TÜRKMEN BOZKURT [6]

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Early–middle Miocene reefal limestones are overlain disconformably by late Serravallian– early Tortonian incised valley-fill deposits of Dağpazarı formation in the Mut Basin. Dağpazarı formation is composed of mudstone, siltstone, sandstone and conglomerates. Facies associations of the formation are: fluvial, lagoon, shoal-water delta, shoreface, beach and barrier island deposits. Loxoconcha tumida Brady and Loxoconcha sp. in the gray mudstones indicate the freshwater influence and decrease in salinity. Hemicyprideis sp. documents brackish water conditions. The shoreface sandstones alternating with the lagoonal mudstones, and oyster-rich beach deposits in different levels of the sequence indicate episodes of marine connections. The age of the Dağpazarı formation is provided by the planktonic foraminifera from the marine mudstones and marls below and above the formation, and corresponds to the MMi8–MMi10 biostratigraphic interval, which spans the late Serravallian–early Tortonian. Late Serravallian eustatic sea-level fall caused to the quick shallowing of the Mut Basin and subaerial exposure of the reefal limestones at the basin margin. Thus, the incised valley, formed upon the reefal limestones of the Mut formation. This incised valley reflects a regional forced regression and unconformity. The Dağpazarı formation was deposited within this incised valley following an early Tortonian relative sea-level rise.

 

Mut Havzası’nda erken–orta Miyosen yaşlı resifal kireçtaşları geç Serravaliyen–erken Tortoniyen yaşlı Dağpazarı formasyonunun kazınma vadi dolgusu çökelleri tarafından aşınmalı uyumsuzlukla üzerlenir. Dağpazarı formasyonu çamurtaşı, silttaşı, kumtaşı ve çakıltaşından oluşur. Formasyon içinde akarsu, lagün, sığ su deltası, kıyıyüzü, plaj ve set adası fasiyes toplulukları tanımlanmıştır. Formasyona ait gri renkli çamurtaşlarında saptanan Loxoconcha tumida Brady ve Loxoconcha sp. gibi ostrakod türleri çökelme ortamına tatlı su girdilerinin bulunduğunu ve tuzluluktaki azalmayı, Hemicyprideis sp. ise acısu ortam koşullarını yansıtmaktadır. Lagüner çamurtaşları ile ardalanan kıyıyüzü kumtaşları ve bol Ostrea fosilli plaj çökelleri ise zaman zaman kurulan denizel bağlantıyı gösterir. Dağpazarı formasyonunun yaşı, formasyonu altta ve üstte sınırlayan denizel çamurtaşı ve marnlardan elde edilen planktonik foraminifer biyostratigrafisi ile elde edilmiştir. Bu yaş MMi8– MMi10 planktonik foraminifer zonları içinde yer almakta olup, geç Serravaliyen–erken Tortoniyen olarak saptanmıştır. Geç Serravaliyen östatik deniz düzeyi düşmesi Mut Havzası’nın sığlaşmasına resifal kireçtaşlarının havza kenarında yüzeylenmesine neden olmuştur. Böylece Mut formasyonunun resifal kireçtaşları üzerinde bir akarsu kanalından daha büyük ölçekte kazınma vadileri oluşmuştur. Bu kazınma vadileri bölgesel ölçekte görülen zorunlu regresyonu ve uyumsuzluğu yansıtmaktadır. Dağpazarı formasyonuna ait sedimanter fasiyesler bu kazınma vadisi içinde erken Tortoniyen döneminde gelişen yeni bağıl deniz düzeyi yükselmesine bağlı olarak çökelmiştir.

 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5185-9697
Author: Ayhan ILGAR (Primary Author)
Institution: General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration, Dept. of Geo. Res. 06800, Ankara, Turkey.
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5199-0225
Author: Tolga ESİRTGEN
Institution: General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration, Dept. of Geo. Res. 06800, Ankara, Turkey.
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-2470-1496
Author: Aynur HAKYEMEZ
Institution: General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration, Dept. of Geo. Res. 06800, Ankara, Turkey.
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5362-4859
Author: Gönül ÇULHA
Institution: General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration, Dept. of Geo. Res. 06800, Ankara, Turkey.
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5711-6854
Author: Serap DEMİRKAYA
Institution: General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration, Dept. of Geo. Res. 06800, Ankara, Turkey.
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3347-0335
Author: Banu TÜRKMEN BOZKURT
Institution: General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration, Dept. of Geo. Res. 06800, Ankara, Turkey.
Country: Turkey


Thanks This study was carried out within the project of “The Geology and Palaeogeographic Development of Neogene Rocks in Adana-Mut Basin” between 2009- 2012 by the Department of Geological Researches of the General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration (MTA). The SEM photos of Ostracod fossils were taken in laboratories of the Mineral Analysis and Technology Department in MTA. The SEM photos for the planktonic foraminifers were taken in the Microscopy and Microanalysis Laboratory of the Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering at the Middle East Technical University (METU). We thank to referees who readand gave support for the development of this article. Massimiliano Ghinassi kindly improved the English version of the manuscript.- Bu çalışma MTA Genel Müdürlüğü, Jeoloji Etütleri Dairesi tarafından 2009-2012 yılları arasında “Adana-Mut Arasında Yüzeylenen Neojen Yaşlı Kayaçların Jeolojisi ve Paleocoğrafik Gelişimlerinin Kurulması” projesi kapsamında gerçekleştirilmiştir. Ostrakod fosillerinin SEM görüntüleri MTA, Maden Analizleri ve Teknolojisi Dairesi’nde; planktonik foraminifer SEM fotoğrafları ODTÜ Metalurji ve Malzeme Mühendisliği, Mikroskopi ve Mikroanaliz Laboratuvarı’nda çekilmiştir. Makaleyi titizlikle okuyan ve böylece geliştirilmesine katkı sağlayan hakemlere teşekkür ederiz.
Dates

Publication Date: August 15, 2019

Bibtex @research article { bulletinofmre501543, journal = {Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration}, issn = {0026-4563}, eissn = {2651-3048}, address = {Maden Tetkik Arama Genel Müdürlüğü}, year = {2019}, volume = {159}, pages = {1 - 27}, doi = {10.19111/bulletinofmre.501543}, title = {The control of sea-level changes on sedimentation in the Mut Basin: Late Serravallian-Early Tortonian incised valley-fill}, key = {cite}, author = {ILGAR, Ayhan and ESİRTGEN, Tolga and HAKYEMEZ, Aynur and ÇULHA, Gönül and DEMİRKAYA, Serap and TÜRKMEN BOZKURT, Banu} }
APA ILGAR, A , ESİRTGEN, T , HAKYEMEZ, A , ÇULHA, G , DEMİRKAYA, S , TÜRKMEN BOZKURT, B . (2019). The control of sea-level changes on sedimentation in the Mut Basin: Late Serravallian-Early Tortonian incised valley-fill. Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration, 159 (159), 1-27. DOI: 10.19111/bulletinofmre.501543
MLA ILGAR, A , ESİRTGEN, T , HAKYEMEZ, A , ÇULHA, G , DEMİRKAYA, S , TÜRKMEN BOZKURT, B . "The control of sea-level changes on sedimentation in the Mut Basin: Late Serravallian-Early Tortonian incised valley-fill". Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration 159 (2019): 1-27 <http://dergipark.org.tr/bulletinofmre/issue/39456/501543>
Chicago ILGAR, A , ESİRTGEN, T , HAKYEMEZ, A , ÇULHA, G , DEMİRKAYA, S , TÜRKMEN BOZKURT, B . "The control of sea-level changes on sedimentation in the Mut Basin: Late Serravallian-Early Tortonian incised valley-fill". Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration 159 (2019): 1-27
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The control of sea-level changes on sedimentation in the Mut Basin: Late Serravallian-Early Tortonian incised valley-fill AU - Ayhan ILGAR , Tolga ESİRTGEN , Aynur HAKYEMEZ , Gönül ÇULHA , Serap DEMİRKAYA , Banu TÜRKMEN BOZKURT Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.19111/bulletinofmre.501543 DO - 10.19111/bulletinofmre.501543 T2 - Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 27 VL - 159 IS - 159 SN - 0026-4563-2651-3048 M3 - doi: 10.19111/bulletinofmre.501543 UR - https://doi.org/10.19111/bulletinofmre.501543 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration The control of sea-level changes on sedimentation in the Mut Basin: Late Serravallian-Early Tortonian incised valley-fill %A Ayhan ILGAR , Tolga ESİRTGEN , Aynur HAKYEMEZ , Gönül ÇULHA , Serap DEMİRKAYA , Banu TÜRKMEN BOZKURT %T The control of sea-level changes on sedimentation in the Mut Basin: Late Serravallian-Early Tortonian incised valley-fill %D 2019 %J Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration %P 0026-4563-2651-3048 %V 159 %N 159 %R doi: 10.19111/bulletinofmre.501543 %U 10.19111/bulletinofmre.501543
ISNAD ILGAR, Ayhan , ESİRTGEN, Tolga , HAKYEMEZ, Aynur , ÇULHA, Gönül , DEMİRKAYA, Serap , TÜRKMEN BOZKURT, Banu . "The control of sea-level changes on sedimentation in the Mut Basin: Late Serravallian-Early Tortonian incised valley-fill". Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration 159 / 159 (August 2019): 1-27. https://doi.org/10.19111/bulletinofmre.501543
AMA ILGAR A , ESİRTGEN T , HAKYEMEZ A , ÇULHA G , DEMİRKAYA S , TÜRKMEN BOZKURT B . The control of sea-level changes on sedimentation in the Mut Basin: Late Serravallian-Early Tortonian incised valley-fill. Bull.Min.Res.Exp.. 2019; 159(159): 1-27.
Vancouver ILGAR A , ESİRTGEN T , HAKYEMEZ A , ÇULHA G , DEMİRKAYA S , TÜRKMEN BOZKURT B . The control of sea-level changes on sedimentation in the Mut Basin: Late Serravallian-Early Tortonian incised valley-fill. Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration. 2019; 159(159): 27-1.