Year 2019, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 243 - 264 2019-03-26

QUEST FOR UTOPIAN IMPULSE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY DYSTOPIAN NARRATIVE: P. D. JAMES’S CRITICAL DYSTOPIA, THE CHILDREN OF MEN

EMRAH ATASOY [1]

37 201

ABSTRACT

Dystopian narrative has gained enormous worldwide recognition and popularity with an upsurge in the number of literary dystopias and dystopian films. Dystopia presents alternative world scenarios, which project a relatively worse dystopian social order than the current experienced one, thereby functioning as a cautionary tale. Twentieth century witnessed the emergence and gradual rise of dystopia in the aftermath of the socio-political conjuncture and led dystopia to be generally interpreted as pessimistic. However, twentieth-century dystopian fiction is not completely pessimistic since it signifies hope through open-ended narratives, especially in the critical dystopias of the century. The experiential journey motif, which facilitates potential transformation in the character’s stance on the dynamics of the projected system, plays a significant role in eliciting the utopian impulse. The aim of this article is therefore to discuss the possibility of hope in twentieth-century dystopian fiction through a comprehensive analysis of P. D. James’s critical dystopia, The Children of Men (1992), which has not achieved critical and scholarly acclaim it deserves, probably due to the success of Alfonso Cuaron’s film, Children of Men (2006).    



ÖZ

Distopik anlatı, distopik romanlardaki ve filmlerdeki artış sonucunda dünya çapında tanınırlık kazanmıştır. Distopya, deneyimlenen toplumsal düzene kıyasla daha kötü bir toplum düzenini yansıtan alternatif dünya senaryolarını sunmaktadır. Bu bağlamda distopyanın uyarıcı, ikaz edici bir boyutu da bulunmaktadır. 20. yüzyıl, distopyanın sosyo-politik konjonktür sonrası ortaya çıkışına ve kademeli gelişimine tanıklık etmiştir. Bu da distopyanın karamsar bir tür olarak algılanmasına yol açmıştır. Ancak, 20. yüzyıl distopik anlatısı tamamıyla karamsar değildir çünkü bu yüzyılda yazılan romanların, özellikle de eleştirel distopyaların açık uçlu yapısı umudu barındırmaktadır. Eserdeki karakterin, tasarlanan sistemin dinamiklerine olan tutumunda olası bir değişimi mümkün kılan ve tecrübeye dayanan seyahat motifi, ütopik dürtünün ortaya çıkarılmasında önemli bir rol oynamaktadır. Bu anlamda bu makalenin amacı, muhtemelen Alfonso Cuaron’un Children of Men (Son Umut, 2006) başlıklı filminin başarısı yüzünden şu ana kadar hak ettiği değeri görmeyen P. D. James’in eleştirel[1] distopyası,  The Children of Men (1992)’in kapsamlı analizi üzerinden, 20. yüzyıl distopik anlatısında umudun olasılığını tartışmaktır. 

Anahtar Kelimeler: eleştirel distopya, umut, P. D. James, seyahat, ütopik dürtü



[1] Critical dystopia has not been dealt with in Turkish literature or has not been translated into Turkish language; therefore, I suggest “eleştirel distopya (or umut içeren distopya, içinde umut barındıran distopya, ümitvar distopya)” as the translation of the concept of “critical dystopia.”

critical dystopia, hope, P. D. James, journey, utopian impulse
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Beşeri Bilimler Sayısı
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5008-2636
Author: EMRAH ATASOY (Primary Author)
Institution: HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Guernsey


Dates

Publication Date: March 26, 2019

Bibtex @research article { cbayarsos524119, journal = {Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {1304-4796}, eissn = {2146-2844}, address = {Celal Bayar University}, year = {2019}, volume = {17}, pages = {243 - 264}, doi = {10.18026/cbayarsos.524119}, title = {QUEST FOR UTOPIAN IMPULSE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY DYSTOPIAN NARRATIVE: P. D. JAMES’S CRITICAL DYSTOPIA, THE CHILDREN OF MEN}, key = {cite}, author = {ATASOY, EMRAH} }
APA ATASOY, E . (2019). QUEST FOR UTOPIAN IMPULSE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY DYSTOPIAN NARRATIVE: P. D. JAMES’S CRITICAL DYSTOPIA, THE CHILDREN OF MEN. Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 17 (1), 243-264. DOI: 10.18026/cbayarsos.524119
MLA ATASOY, E . "QUEST FOR UTOPIAN IMPULSE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY DYSTOPIAN NARRATIVE: P. D. JAMES’S CRITICAL DYSTOPIA, THE CHILDREN OF MEN". Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 17 (2019): 243-264 <http://dergipark.org.tr/cbayarsos/issue/44164/524119>
Chicago ATASOY, E . "QUEST FOR UTOPIAN IMPULSE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY DYSTOPIAN NARRATIVE: P. D. JAMES’S CRITICAL DYSTOPIA, THE CHILDREN OF MEN". Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 17 (2019): 243-264
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - QUEST FOR UTOPIAN IMPULSE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY DYSTOPIAN NARRATIVE: P. D. JAMES’S CRITICAL DYSTOPIA, THE CHILDREN OF MEN AU - EMRAH ATASOY Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18026/cbayarsos.524119 DO - 10.18026/cbayarsos.524119 T2 - Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 243 EP - 264 VL - 17 IS - 1 SN - 1304-4796-2146-2844 M3 - doi: 10.18026/cbayarsos.524119 UR - https://doi.org/10.18026/cbayarsos.524119 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi QUEST FOR UTOPIAN IMPULSE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY DYSTOPIAN NARRATIVE: P. D. JAMES’S CRITICAL DYSTOPIA, THE CHILDREN OF MEN %A EMRAH ATASOY %T QUEST FOR UTOPIAN IMPULSE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY DYSTOPIAN NARRATIVE: P. D. JAMES’S CRITICAL DYSTOPIA, THE CHILDREN OF MEN %D 2019 %J Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi %P 1304-4796-2146-2844 %V 17 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18026/cbayarsos.524119 %U 10.18026/cbayarsos.524119
ISNAD ATASOY, EMRAH . "QUEST FOR UTOPIAN IMPULSE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY DYSTOPIAN NARRATIVE: P. D. JAMES’S CRITICAL DYSTOPIA, THE CHILDREN OF MEN". Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 17 / 1 (March 2019): 243-264. https://doi.org/10.18026/cbayarsos.524119
AMA ATASOY E . QUEST FOR UTOPIAN IMPULSE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY DYSTOPIAN NARRATIVE: P. D. JAMES’S CRITICAL DYSTOPIA, THE CHILDREN OF MEN. Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2019; 17(1): 243-264.
Vancouver ATASOY E . QUEST FOR UTOPIAN IMPULSE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY DYSTOPIAN NARRATIVE: P. D. JAMES’S CRITICAL DYSTOPIA, THE CHILDREN OF MEN. Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2019; 17(1): 264-243.