Year 2018, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 534 - 550 2018-12-31

Türkiye’de Kullanılan İngilizce Ders Kitaplarındaki Deyimsel Fiiller: Derleme Dayalı Bir İnceleme
Phrasal Verbs in ELT Coursebooks Used in Turkey: A Corpus-based Analysis

Galip Kartal [1]

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Deyimsel fiiller İngilizce’yi ana dili olarak konuşanlar tarafından sıklıkla kullanılan ve  akıcılık için gerekli olan çok sözcüklü yapılardır. Bununla birlikte, bu deyimsel fiiller çok anlamlı doğaları ve anlamdaki değişiklikleri nedeniyle yabancı dil eğitiminin en sorunlu alanlarından birini oluşturmaktadır. Her ne kadar deyimsel fiilleri öğretmek ve öğrenmek zor olsa da bunlar öğretilmelidir; çünkü yabancı dil eğitiminin temel amaçlarından biri öğrencileri hedef dili gerçek hayatta anlamaya ve kullanmaya hazırlamaktır. Ayrıca, bu fiiller anadili İngilizce olanlar tarafından günlük konuşmalarda en yaygın kullanılan çok kelimeli yapılardan biridir. Bu çalışmanın amacı Türkiye’de yaygın olarak kullanılan İngilizce ders kitaplarındaki deyimsel fiillerin iki büyük derlem olan İngiliz Ulusal Derlemi ve Çağdaş Amerikan İngilizcesi Derlemi’ndeki sıklıklarını belirlemek ve bu iki derlemdeki en sık kullanılan deyimsel fiilleri belirlemektir. Buradan yola çıkarak bu çalışma a) bu iki derlemdeki en sık kullanılan 100 adet deyimsel fiili karşılaştırmış, b) “New Headway”, “New English File”, “Face2Face” ve “English Unlimited” kitaplarındaki tüm deyimsel fiilleri belirlemiş, c) bu sözcüklerin derlemlerdeki sıklık derecesini bulmuş ve d) ders materyal tasarlayanlara ve öğretmenlere önerilerde bulunulmuştur. Yabancı dil öğrenenlerin sıklığa karşı duyarlı oldukları gerçeğinden yola çıkarak ders kitaplarındaki deyimsel fiillerin sayısının yeniden gözden geçirilmesi gerektiği sonucuna ulaşılabilir.

Phrasal verbs are multi-word constructions which are frequently used by native speakers and necessary for fluency in English. However, they constitute one of the most problematic areas of foreign language learning due to their idiomatization, polysemous nature, and variance in meaning. Although it is difficult to teach and learn phrasal verbs, they should be taught and learned because one of the main aims of foreign language education is to prepare students to understand and use the target language fluently in real life. Utilizing two mega corpora, the British National Corpus (BNC) and the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA), this study aims to determine the frequencies of phrasal verbs in coursebooks commonly used in Turkey and to point out the most frequent phrasal verbs in these two mega corpora. As a result, this study, a) compared the 100 most frequent phrasal verbs in the BNC and COCA, b) listed every single phrasal verb in the upper-intermediate level of “New Headway”, “New English File”, “Face2Face”, and “English Unlimited”, c) determined the frequency range of these phrasal verbs in the corpora, and d) provided implications for coursebook designers and teachers. As foreign language learners are sensitive to frequency effects in language learning, it can be concluded that the number of the frequent phrasal verbs should be reconsidered in the coursebooks.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-4656-2108
Author: Galip Kartal
Institution: Necmettin Erbakan University
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { cije466035, journal = {Cumhuriyet International Journal of Education}, issn = {}, eissn = {2147-1606}, address = {Cumhuriyet University}, year = {2018}, volume = {7}, pages = {534 - 550}, doi = {10.30703/cije.466035}, title = {Phrasal Verbs in ELT Coursebooks Used in Turkey: A Corpus-based Analysis}, key = {cite}, author = {Kartal, Galip} }
APA Kartal, G . (2018). Phrasal Verbs in ELT Coursebooks Used in Turkey: A Corpus-based Analysis. Cumhuriyet International Journal of Education, 7 (4), 534-550. DOI: 10.30703/cije.466035
MLA Kartal, G . "Phrasal Verbs in ELT Coursebooks Used in Turkey: A Corpus-based Analysis". Cumhuriyet International Journal of Education 7 (2018): 534-550 <http://dergipark.org.tr/cije/issue/41982/466035>
Chicago Kartal, G . "Phrasal Verbs in ELT Coursebooks Used in Turkey: A Corpus-based Analysis". Cumhuriyet International Journal of Education 7 (2018): 534-550
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Phrasal Verbs in ELT Coursebooks Used in Turkey: A Corpus-based Analysis AU - Galip Kartal Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.30703/cije.466035 DO - 10.30703/cije.466035 T2 - Cumhuriyet International Journal of Education JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 534 EP - 550 VL - 7 IS - 4 SN - -2147-1606 M3 - doi: 10.30703/cije.466035 UR - https://doi.org/10.30703/cije.466035 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Cumhuriyet International Journal of Education Phrasal Verbs in ELT Coursebooks Used in Turkey: A Corpus-based Analysis %A Galip Kartal %T Phrasal Verbs in ELT Coursebooks Used in Turkey: A Corpus-based Analysis %D 2018 %J Cumhuriyet International Journal of Education %P -2147-1606 %V 7 %N 4 %R doi: 10.30703/cije.466035 %U 10.30703/cije.466035
ISNAD Kartal, Galip . "Phrasal Verbs in ELT Coursebooks Used in Turkey: A Corpus-based Analysis". Cumhuriyet International Journal of Education 7 / 4 (December 2019): 534-550. https://doi.org/10.30703/cije.466035