Year 2019, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 6 - 18 2019-06-30

Türkiye ve Kıbrıs Adasında Dağılış Gösteren Kör Yılan, Xerotyphlops vermicularis Merrem, 1820 (Squamata: Typhlopidae) Populasyonlarının Morfolojik, Serolojik, Ekolojik ve Geometrik Morfometrik Yönden Karşılaştırılması
Comparison of the Blind Snake Populations, Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820) (Squamata: Typhlopidae) in Turkey and Cyprus: Morphology, Serology, Ecology, and Geometric Morphometrics

Bahadır AKMAN [1] , Bayram GÖÇMEN [2]

41 73

Bu çalışmada, Xerotyphlops vermicularis populasyonları morfoloji, seroloji, ekoloji ve geometrik morfometrik çalışmaları açısından karşılaştırılmıştır. Bu amaçla, Türkiye (n= 275) ve Kıbrıs’tan (n= 76) toplanan 351 örnek çalışılmıştır. Morfoloji, seroloji, renklenme ve geometrik morfometrik analizler sonucunda Anadolu'da bulunan populasyonlar arasında fark olmadığı tespit edilmiştir. Ancak, Anadolu ve Kıbrıs popülasyonları arasında bazı farklılıklar tespit edilmiş ve bu popülasyonlar bazı pholidolial özellikler ve geometrik morfometrik çalışmalarıyla birbirinden ayırt edilebilmiştir. Dolayısıyla bu güne kadar monotipik olarak bilinen türün Kıbrıs Adası’nda yaşayan populasyonunun farklı bir takson adı altında isimlendirilmesinin uygun olduğu ortaya çıkmıştır.

In this study, different populations of Xerotyphlops vermicularis were investigated comparatively regarding to the morphology, serology, ecology, and geometric morphometric analyses. For this purpose, 351 specimens from Turkey (n= 275) and Cyprus (n= 76) were evaluated. As a result of the morphology, serology, coloration, and geometric morphometric analyses, it was determined that there were no differences amongst the populations located in Anatolia. However, between the Anatolian and Cyprian populations, we detected some differences. These populations can be distinguished from each other in terms of some pholidolial characteristics and geometric morphometrics. Therefore, it is suggested that there is a requirement to describe a new subspecies for the Cyprus population.

  • Adalsteinsson, S.A., Branch, W.R., Trape, S., Vitt, L.J., & Hedges, S.B. (2009). Molecular Phylogeny, Classification, and Biogeography of Snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa, 2244, 1-50.
  • Afroosheh, M., Rastegar-Pouyani, N., Ghoreishi, S. K., & Kami, H. G. (2013). Comparison of geographic variations in Typhlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820) (Ophidia: Typhlopidae) from the Iranian plateau with Turkey and Turkmenistan. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 37, 685-692.
  • Afsar, M., & Tok, C.V. (2011). The Herpetofauna of the Sultan Mountains (Afyon-Konya-Isparta) Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 35(4), 491-501.
  • Afsar, M., Çiçek, K., Tayhan, Y., & Tok, C. V. (2016). New records of Eurasian Blind Snake, Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820) from the Black Sea region of Turkey and its updated distribution. Biharean Biologist, 10(2), 98-103.
  • Arıkan, H., Tok, C.V., Çevik, İ.E., & Olgun, K. (2000). 33°-36° Boylamlar Arası Orta Torosların Herpetofaunası (Proje No. TBAG-1385 / 195T020). İzmir, Türkiye, 66 pp.
  • Atatür, M.K., & Göçmen, B. (2001). Kuzey Kıbrıs’ın Kurbağa ve Sürüngenleri. İzmir, Türkiye, Ege Üniversitesi Basımevi, 63 pp.
  • Baran, İ., & Atatür, M.K. (1998). Türkiye Herpetofaunası (Kurbağa ve Sürüngenler). Ankara, Türkiye, T.C. Çevre Bakanlığı, 214 pp.
  • Baran, İ. (1976). Türkiye Yılanlarının Taksonomik Revizyonu ve Coğrafi Yayılışları. Ankara, Türkiye, TÜBİTAK Yayınları, 177 pp.
  • Baran, İ. (1981). Kuzey Ege Denizi, Marmara Denizi ve Karadeniz'deki Adalarımızın Herpetofaunasının Taksonomik ve Ekolojik Araştırılması. Doğa Bilim Dergisi, 5, 155-162.
  • Baran, İ. (1982). Zur Taxonomie Der Schlangen in Südost- und Ost-Anatolien. Spixiana, 5(1), 51-59 pp.
  • Barkan, N.P., & Ayteki̇n, A.M. (2013). Systematical studies on the species of the subgenus Bombus (Thoracobombus) (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombus Latreille) in Turkey. Zootaxa, 3737(2), 167–183.
  • Başoğlu, M., & Baran, İ. (1980). Türkiye Sürüngenleri, Kısım 2, Yılanlar. İzmir, Türkiye, Ege Üniversitesi Basımevi, 218 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. (1893). Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). London, England, British Museum of Natural History, 448 pp.
  • Broadley, D.G., & Wallach, V. (2007). A revision of the genus Leptotyphlops in northeastern Africa and southwestern Arabia (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa, 1408, 1-78.
  • Budak, A., & Göçmen, B. (2005). Herpetoloji. İzmir, Türkiye, Ege Üniversitesi Basımevi, 226 pp.
  • Cox, N., Chanson, J., & Stuart, S. (2006). The Status and Distribution of Reptiles and Amphibians of the Mediterranean Basin. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Davis, B. J. (1964). Disc Electrophoresis II Method and Application to Human Serum Proteins. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 404-427.
  • Disi, A.M. (1985). A Contribution to the Herpetofauna of Jordan 2. New Records and a Systematic List of Snakes from Jordan. The Snake, 17, 31-42.
  • Esterbauer, H. (1992). Die Herpetofauna Des Östlichhen Golan und Hermongebietes Funde und Bemerkungen Zur Systematik und Ökologie. Zoololgy in the Middle East, 7, 21-54.
  • Franzen, M., & Wallach, V. (2002). A New Rhinotyphlops from Southeastern Turkey (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Journal of Herpetology, 36(2), 176–184.
  • Franzen, M., Bußmann, M., Kordges, T., & Thiesmeier, B. (2008). Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Südwest-Türkei. Bielefeld, Germany, Laurenti-Verlag, 328 pp.
  • Göçmen, B., Atatür, M.K., Budak, A., Bahar, H., Yıldız, M.Z., & Alpagut-Keskin, N. (2009). Taxonomic Notes on the Snakes of Northern Cyprus, with Observations on their Morphologies and Ecologies. Animal biology, 59, 1-29.
  • Göçmen, B., Nilson, G., Yıldız, M.Z., Arıkan, H., Yalçınkaya, D., & Akman, B. (2007). On the occurrence of the Black Cat Snake, Telescopus nigriceps (Ahl, 1924) (Serpentes: Colubridae) from the southeastern Anatolia, Turkey with some taxonomical comments. North-Western Journal of Zoology, 3, 81-95.
  • Greene, H.W. (1997). Snakes: the Evolution of Mystery in Nature. California, USA, Univ of California Press.
  • Haas, G., & Werner, Y.L. (1969). Lizards and Snakes from Southwestern Asia, Collected by Henry Field. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 138(6), 327-405.
  • Haas, G. (1951). On the Present State of our Knowledge of the Herpetofauna of Paletsine. Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel, 1(3), 67-87.
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J., & Vidal, N. (2014). A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology, 49, 1-6.
  • Helmich, W. (1962). Reptiles and Amphibians of Europe. London, England, Blandford Press, 160 pp.
  • Jablonski, D., & Balej, P. (2015). Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820), in the west Bulgarian Rhodope Mountains: rediscovery after more than 100 years. Herpetozoa, 27(3/4), 200-203.
  • Kaliontzopoulou, A., Carretero, M.A., & Llorente, G.A. (2007). Multivariate and geometric morphometrics in the analysis of sexual dimorphism variation in Podarcis lizards. Journal of Morphology, 268(2), 152-165.
  • Kornilios, P., Ilgaz, Ç., Kumlutaş, Y., Giokas, S., Fraguedakis-Tsolis, S., & Chondropoulos, B. (2011). The Role of Anatolian Refugia in Herpetofaunal Diversity: an mtDNA Analysis of Typhlops vermicularis Merrem, 1820 (Squamata, Typhlopidae). Amphibia-Reptilia, 32, 351-363.
  • Kornilios, P., Ilgaz, Ç., Kumlutaş, Y., Lymberakis, P., Moravec, J., Sindaco, R., Rastegar-Pouyani, N., … & Chondropoulos, B. (2012). Neogene climatic oscillations shape the biogeography and evolutionary history of the Eurasian blindsnake. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 62, 856–873.
  • Kumlutaş, Y., Durmuş, S.H., & Ilgaz, Ç. (2000). Yamanlar Dağı ve Karagöl Civarındaki Kurbağa ve Sürüngenlerin Taksonomisi ve Ekolojisi. Ekoloji, Çevre Dergisi, 37, 12-16.
  • Kumlutaş, Y., Öz, M., Tunç, M.R., Kaska, Y., Özdemir, A., & Düşen, S. (2004). On Snake Species of the Western Taurus Range, Turkey. Natura Croatica, 13(1), 19-33.
  • Leviton, A.E., Anderson, S.C., Adler, K., & Minton, S.A. (1992). Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. USA, Ohio, Oxford press, 252 pp.
  • Mattison, C. (1982). The Care of Reptiles and Amphibians in Captivity. UK, Poole, Blanford Press, 317 pp.
  • Méhely, L. (1894). Beiträge zur Herpetologie Transkaukasiens und Armeniens (Teil 1+2). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 17, 78-86.
  • Merrem, B. (1820). Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien: Tentamen systematis amphibiorum. bei Johann Christian Kriege, Marburg, 191 pp.
  • Mertens, R., & Wermuth, H. (1960). Die Amphibien und Reptilien Europas. Frankfurt, Germany, Verlag Waldemar Kramer, 252 pp.
  • Moravec, J., Baha El Din, S., Seligmann, H., Naomi, S., & Werner, Y. L. (1999). Systematics and distribution of the Acanthodactylus pardalis group (Lacertidae) in Egypt and Israel. Zoology in the Middle East 17, 21-50.
  • Niyomwan, P., Thirakhupt, K., & Nabhitabhata, J. (2001). A Key to the Blind Snakes in Thailand. Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University, 1, 47-52.
  • Osenegg, K. (1989). Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Insel Zypern (Msc Thesis). University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
  • Özeti, N., & Atatür, M.K. (1979). A Preliminary survey of the serum proteins of a population of Mertensiella luschani finikensis Başoğlu and Atatür from Finike in Southwestern Anatolia. Istanbul Universitesi Fen Fakültesi Mecmuasi, 44, 23-29.
  • Pough, F.H., Janis, C.M., & Heiser, J.B. (1999). Vertebrate Life, 5th ed. USA, New Jersey, Prentice Hall International, 699 pp.
  • Rage, J.C. (1987). Fossil history. In R.A. Seigel (Ed.), Snakes: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (pp. 51–76) (Ed.). New York, USA, Macmillan Publishing Company, 529 pp.
  • Reed, C.A., & Marx, H. (1959). A Herpetological Collection from Northeastern Iraq. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, 62(1), 91-122.
  • Rohlf, F.J. (1999). Shape statistics: Procrustes superimpositions and tangent spaces. Journal of Classification, 16, 197-223.
  • Rohlf, F.J., & Slice D.E. (1990). Extensions of the Procrustes method for the optimal superimposition of landmarks. Systematic Zoology, 39, 40-59.
  • Rohlf, F.J. (2000). Ntsys-Pc Version 2.1o. Numerical taxonomy and multivariate analysis system. Exeter Software.
  • Rohlf, F.J. (2003). TpsSMALL1.20. Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York at Stony Brook.
  • Rohlf, F.J. (2004). TpsSUPER1.14. Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York at Stony Brook.
  • Rohlf, F.J. (2007). TpsRELW1.45. Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York at Stony Brook.
  • Rohlf, F.J. (2008). TpsDIG2.12. Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York at Stony Brook.
  • Rohlf, F.J. (2009). TpsUTIL1.44. Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York at Stony Brook.
  • Schmidtler, J.F., & Bischoff, W. (1995). Beziehungen Zwischen Lebensraum und Morphologie bei Lacerta cappadocica WERNER, 1902 in der Türkei. Die Eidechse, 6(14), 13-21.
  • Slice, D.E. (2007). Morpheus. Software for morphometric Research. Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York.
  • Tchernov, E. (1992). The Afro-Arabian component in the Levantine mammalian fauna: a short biogeographical review. Israel Journal of Zoology, 38, 155–192.
  • Terent'ev, P.V., & Chernov, S.A. (1949). Key to Amphibians and Reptiles. Jerusalem, Israel, Israel Programme for Scientific Translations, (1965).
  • Thomas, R., & Hedges, S. B. (2007). Eleven new species of snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) from Hispaniola and Cuba. Zootaxa, 1400, 1–26.
  • Vidal, N., Marin, J., Morini, M., Donnellan, S., Branch, W.R., Thomas, R., Vences, M., … & Hedges, S.B. (2010). Blindsnake evolutionary tree reveals long history on Gondwana. Biology Letters, 6, 558–561.
  • Wallach, V., Brown, R.M., Diesmos, A.C., & Gee, G.V.A. (2007). An Enigmatic New Species of Blind Snake from Luzon Island, Northern Philippines, with A Synopsis of The Genus Acutotyphlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Journal of Herpetology, 41(4), 690-702.
  • Werner, F. (1919). Reptilien und amphibien aus dem Amanus-Gebirge. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 85, 130-141.
  • Werner, Y.L. (1971). Some Suggestions for the Standard Expression of Measurements. Systematic Zoology, 20(2), 249-252.
  • Werner, Y.L., & Seifan, T. (2006). Eye size in geckos: asymmetry, allometry, sexual dimorphism, and behavioral correlates. Journal of Morphology, 67, 1486-1500.
  • Zelditch, M.L., Swiderski, D.L., Sheets, H.D., Fink, W.L. (2004). Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists: a Primer. London, England, Elsevier Academic Press, 443 pp.
Primary Language en
Subjects Biology
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3942-659X
Author: Bahadır AKMAN (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Author: Bayram GÖÇMEN
Institution: EGE UNIVERSITY

Dates

Application Date: February 4, 2019
Acceptance Date: June 12, 2019
Publication Date: June 30, 2019

Bibtex @research article { commagene522170, journal = {Commagene Journal of Biology}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-456X}, address = {ABADER (Adıyaman Bilimsel Araştırmalar Derneği)}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, pages = {6 - 18}, doi = {10.31594/commagene.522170}, title = {Comparison of the Blind Snake Populations, Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820) (Squamata: Typhlopidae) in Turkey and Cyprus: Morphology, Serology, Ecology, and Geometric Morphometrics}, key = {cite}, author = {AKMAN, Bahadır and GÖÇMEN, Bayram} }
APA AKMAN, B , GÖÇMEN, B . (2019). Comparison of the Blind Snake Populations, Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820) (Squamata: Typhlopidae) in Turkey and Cyprus: Morphology, Serology, Ecology, and Geometric Morphometrics. Commagene Journal of Biology, 3 (1), 6-18. DOI: 10.31594/commagene.522170
MLA AKMAN, B , GÖÇMEN, B . "Comparison of the Blind Snake Populations, Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820) (Squamata: Typhlopidae) in Turkey and Cyprus: Morphology, Serology, Ecology, and Geometric Morphometrics". Commagene Journal of Biology 3 (2019): 6-18 <http://dergipark.org.tr/commagene/issue/46593/522170>
Chicago AKMAN, B , GÖÇMEN, B . "Comparison of the Blind Snake Populations, Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820) (Squamata: Typhlopidae) in Turkey and Cyprus: Morphology, Serology, Ecology, and Geometric Morphometrics". Commagene Journal of Biology 3 (2019): 6-18
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of the Blind Snake Populations, Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820) (Squamata: Typhlopidae) in Turkey and Cyprus: Morphology, Serology, Ecology, and Geometric Morphometrics AU - Bahadır AKMAN , Bayram GÖÇMEN Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31594/commagene.522170 DO - 10.31594/commagene.522170 T2 - Commagene Journal of Biology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 6 EP - 18 VL - 3 IS - 1 SN - -2602-456X M3 - doi: 10.31594/commagene.522170 UR - https://doi.org/10.31594/commagene.522170 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Commagene Journal of Biology Comparison of the Blind Snake Populations, Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820) (Squamata: Typhlopidae) in Turkey and Cyprus: Morphology, Serology, Ecology, and Geometric Morphometrics %A Bahadır AKMAN , Bayram GÖÇMEN %T Comparison of the Blind Snake Populations, Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820) (Squamata: Typhlopidae) in Turkey and Cyprus: Morphology, Serology, Ecology, and Geometric Morphometrics %D 2019 %J Commagene Journal of Biology %P -2602-456X %V 3 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31594/commagene.522170 %U 10.31594/commagene.522170
ISNAD AKMAN, Bahadır , GÖÇMEN, Bayram . "Comparison of the Blind Snake Populations, Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820) (Squamata: Typhlopidae) in Turkey and Cyprus: Morphology, Serology, Ecology, and Geometric Morphometrics". Commagene Journal of Biology 3 / 1 (June 2019): 6-18. https://doi.org/10.31594/commagene.522170
AMA AKMAN B , GÖÇMEN B . Comparison of the Blind Snake Populations, Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820) (Squamata: Typhlopidae) in Turkey and Cyprus: Morphology, Serology, Ecology, and Geometric Morphometrics. Comm. J. Biol.. 2019; 3(1): 6-18.
Vancouver AKMAN B , GÖÇMEN B . Comparison of the Blind Snake Populations, Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820) (Squamata: Typhlopidae) in Turkey and Cyprus: Morphology, Serology, Ecology, and Geometric Morphometrics. Commagene Journal of Biology. 2019; 3(1): 18-6.