Population growth and technological advancement mean
that human activities are now consuming increasingly higher levels of energy.
This causes serious problems, such as depletion of fossil fuel resources.
Renewable energy resources and technologies is a good solution to these problems.
Livestock manure can be a viable alternative source of energy and is the best
way to obtain sustainable biogas energy. This study reports on biogas
production from livestock manure and considers the evaluation of the districts
in Çanakkale province. Data were collected from available databases relating to
district livestock farms and using statistical data on the number of livestock,
the amount of produced manure and the volume of created biogas per kilogram of
animal manure. The biogas production was calculated using a theoretical method.
By using the livestock numbers from the last agricultural census (2017), biogas
potential from the available livestock manure was 1.77 107 m3 per year, 30.5% of which was obtained from heavy livestock
(cattle, horse), 26.8% of it from light or small livestock (sheep, goat), and
only 42.7% from poultry. Biga district had the greatest biogas production with
7.83 million m3. The centre district had 1.64 million m3
biogas, followed by Yenice, Ezine, Lapseki and other districts (7-district)
with 1.34, 1.30, 1.11 and 4.51 million m3, respectively. Annually,
biogas energy equivalence was approximately 425.3 million MJ and 8.33 107
kWh electricity generation in all districts using livestock manure. The
findings of this study indicate that the manure to produce biogas can be used
as a source of sustainable renewable energy.
Biomass production, Biogas, Livestock manure, Çanakkale