Year 2019, Volume 40, Issue 1, Pages 197 - 203 2019-03-22

Comprehension of Road Traffic Signs by Various Road Users in Kano City
Kano Şehrindeki Çeşitli Yol Kullanıcıları Tarafından Yol Trafik İşaretlerininin Bilinirliği

Ibrahim Khalil UMAR [1] , Samir BASHIR [2]

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Human perception of the information on the road signs is a critical factor in determining the safe use of both the vehicle and the interacting environment. A total of 30 road traffic signs which includes10-warning, 10-regulatory and 10-informatory signs were evaluated using 190 questionnaires to determine comprehension level of road users in Kano. The questionnaire was administered to both private and commercial drivers of trucks, cars, tricycle, motorcycle, and bicycle. Majority of the respondents are male (91.6%) which is due to the disproportionate ratio between male and female drivers in Kano city and 90% of them are youth below the age of 40 years showing that majority of the state drivers are young people. The comprehension level was found to be good 79%. The least comprehended signs in Kano are “park and ride” with comprehension level of 54.7%, followed by “Narrow bridge” (60%), “line merge ahead” (62.1%), “slippery road” (63.2%), “No entry for all vehicles” (70.5%). The signs with up to 90% recognition were “fuel station”, “stop sign” and “school crossing”. Sex, education, driving experience and type of vehicle used seems to affect the comprehension level of drivers in Kano. Truck drivers have a poor understanding of the traffic signs lower than all other classes of road users (65%).

Yol işaretlerinin insanlar tarafından algılanabilirliği hem araçların hemde etkileşimindeki çevrenin güvenilir olarak kullanılabilmesi için kritik bir faktördür. Bu çalışmada 190 anket kullanılarak Kano şehrindeki yol kullanıcılarının 10 adet uyarı, 10 adet trafik tanzim ve 10 adet trafik bilgi işareti olmak üzere toplam 30 trafik işaretini kavrama seviyeleri değerlendirilmiştir. Anketler hem şahsi hem de ticari kamyon, otomobil, triportör (üç tekerlekli bisiklet), motorsiklet ve bisiklet sürücülerine yöneltilmiştir. Kano şehrindeki erkek ve bayan sürücü orantısızlığına bağlı olarak ankete katılanların çoğunluğu erkektir (91.6%) ve 90%’ı 40 yaşın altındadır, bu durum bölgedeki sürücülerin birçoğunun genç olduğunu göstermektedir. İşaretlerin bilinirlik seviyesi 79% olarak bulunmuştur. Kano’daki en az kavranan işaretler 54.7% bilinirlik seviyesi ile “Park et devam et” işaretidir. Bunu “Daralan köprü” (60%), “İleride birleşen şerit” (62.1%), “Kaygan yol” (63.2%) ve “Araç giremez” (70.5%) işaretleri takip etmektedir. Bilinirliği 90%’a varan işaretler, “Benzin istasyonu”, Dur işareti” ve “Okul geçidi” dir. Cinsiyet, eğitim, sürüş tecrübesi ve kullanılan araç tipi Kano’daki sürücülerin işaretleri kavrama seviyelerini etkileyen parametreler olarak görünmektedir. Kamyon sürücüleri trafik işaretlerini diğer tüm sınıflardaki yol kullanıcılarından daha zayıf algılamaktadır (65%).

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Primary Language en
Subjects Basic Sciences
Journal Section Engineering Sciences
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7862-6183
Author: Ibrahim Khalil UMAR (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Civil Engineering, Kano State Polytechnic
Country: Nigeria


Orcid: 0000-0002-1775-0305
Author: Samir BASHIR

Bibtex @research article { csj403516, journal = {Cumhuriyet Science Journal}, issn = {2587-2680}, eissn = {2587-246X}, address = {Cumhuriyet University}, year = {2019}, volume = {40}, pages = {197 - 203}, doi = {10.17776/csj.403516}, title = {Comprehension of Road Traffic Signs by Various Road Users in Kano City}, key = {cite}, author = {UMAR, Ibrahim Khalil and BASHIR, Samir} }
APA UMAR, I , BASHIR, S . (2019). Comprehension of Road Traffic Signs by Various Road Users in Kano City. Cumhuriyet Science Journal, 40 (1), 197-203. DOI: 10.17776/csj.403516
MLA UMAR, I , BASHIR, S . "Comprehension of Road Traffic Signs by Various Road Users in Kano City". Cumhuriyet Science Journal 40 (2019): 197-203 <http://dergipark.org.tr/csj/issue/43798/403516>
Chicago UMAR, I , BASHIR, S . "Comprehension of Road Traffic Signs by Various Road Users in Kano City". Cumhuriyet Science Journal 40 (2019): 197-203
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Comprehension of Road Traffic Signs by Various Road Users in Kano City AU - Ibrahim Khalil UMAR , Samir BASHIR Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17776/csj.403516 DO - 10.17776/csj.403516 T2 - Cumhuriyet Science Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 197 EP - 203 VL - 40 IS - 1 SN - 2587-2680-2587-246X M3 - doi: 10.17776/csj.403516 UR - https://doi.org/10.17776/csj.403516 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Cumhuriyet Science Journal Comprehension of Road Traffic Signs by Various Road Users in Kano City %A Ibrahim Khalil UMAR , Samir BASHIR %T Comprehension of Road Traffic Signs by Various Road Users in Kano City %D 2019 %J Cumhuriyet Science Journal %P 2587-2680-2587-246X %V 40 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17776/csj.403516 %U 10.17776/csj.403516
ISNAD UMAR, Ibrahim Khalil , BASHIR, Samir . "Comprehension of Road Traffic Signs by Various Road Users in Kano City". Cumhuriyet Science Journal 40 / 1 (March 2019): 197-203. https://doi.org/10.17776/csj.403516