Year 2019, Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 15 - 32 2019-01-01

Türkiye’de Gelir Yakınsıyor mu? Ampirik Bir Değerlendirme
Does Income Converge in Turkey? an Empirical Assessment

Dilek DURUSU-ÇİFTÇİ [1] , Şaban NAZLIOĞLU [2]

177 244

Türkiye’de, son yirmi yılda illerin gelir düzeyinde yapısal bir değişime neden olan yüksek büyüme oranları gerçekleşmiştir. Bu değişim, Türkiye’deki bölgesel farklılıkların yakınsayıp yakınsamadığı sorusunu ortaya çıkarmıştır. Türkiye’nin büyüme performansı, kırsal alanlardan kentsel alanlara geçişle sonuçlanan ekonomik yapının değişmesine neden olmuştur. Dolayısıyla, bölgesel farklılıkların nedenlerini ve sonuçlarını analiz etmek ve ekonomik büyüme ile kentleşme arasında bir ilişki olup olmadığını ortaya koymak amacıyla, Türkiye’deki gelir yakınsamasının ampirik incelemesi zamanında ve önemli gözükmektedir. Çalışmada, 1992-2013 döneminde 73 ilin kişi başına düşen gelir verileri kullanılarak ve gelirdeki yapısal değişiklikler dikkate alınarak farklı ekonometrik modeller tahmin edilmiştir. Sonuçlar, genel olarak, Türkiye’nin doğusu ve batısı arasında illerin gelirlerinde yakınsama olmadığına işaret etmektedir. Ekonomik kalkınma süreciyle birlikte gerçekleşen kentleşmenin neden yakınsama için tek başına yeterli olmadığı tartışılmış ve bölgeye özgü yapısal özelliklerin (coğrafi koşullar, terörist olaylar, bölgesel yatırım politikaları ve yatay dengesizlikler) hâlâ büyük ölçüde etkili olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

Turkey has recorded high growth rates during last two decades that have led to a structural change in the income level of the provinces. This shift arises to the question of whether the regional disparities in Turkey converge or diverge. The growth performance of Turkey has also led to change the structure of the economy which results in the move from rural areas to urban areas. The empirical examination of the income convergence in Turkey thereby seems to be timely and important in order to provide insights for analyzing the causes and consequences of regional disparities and connecting a link between economic growth and urbanization. We collect the per capita income data of 73 provinces during the period 1992- 2013 and estimate different econometric models by controlling for structural changes in the income. The results overall provide an evidence on the income divergence between the east and west of Turkey. We discuss why Turkish urbanization which is in tandem with economic development process is not a stand-alone for the convergence and discover that the region-specific structural characteristics (the geographical conditions, the terrorist incidents, the regional investment policies, and the horizontal imbalances) seem to be still prevailing.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Economics
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1911-4801
Author: Dilek DURUSU-ÇİFTÇİ (Primary Author)

Orcid: 0000-0002-3607-3434
Author: Şaban NAZLIOĞLU

Dates

Publication Date: January 1, 2019

Bibtex @research article { eab521461, journal = {Ege Academic Review}, issn = {1303-099X}, address = {Ege University}, year = {2019}, volume = {19}, pages = {15 - 32}, doi = {}, title = {Does Income Converge in Turkey? an Empirical Assessment}, key = {cite}, author = {DURUSU-ÇİFTÇİ, Dilek and NAZLIOĞLU, Şaban} }
APA DURUSU-ÇİFTÇİ, D , NAZLIOĞLU, Ş . (2019). Does Income Converge in Turkey? an Empirical Assessment. Ege Academic Review, 19 (1), 15-32. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/eab/issue/42803/521461
MLA DURUSU-ÇİFTÇİ, D , NAZLIOĞLU, Ş . "Does Income Converge in Turkey? an Empirical Assessment". Ege Academic Review 19 (2019): 15-32 <http://dergipark.org.tr/eab/issue/42803/521461>
Chicago DURUSU-ÇİFTÇİ, D , NAZLIOĞLU, Ş . "Does Income Converge in Turkey? an Empirical Assessment". Ege Academic Review 19 (2019): 15-32
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Does Income Converge in Turkey? an Empirical Assessment AU - Dilek DURUSU-ÇİFTÇİ , Şaban NAZLIOĞLU Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Ege Academic Review JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 15 EP - 32 VL - 19 IS - 1 SN - 1303-099X- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Ege Academic Review Does Income Converge in Turkey? an Empirical Assessment %A Dilek DURUSU-ÇİFTÇİ , Şaban NAZLIOĞLU %T Does Income Converge in Turkey? an Empirical Assessment %D 2019 %J Ege Academic Review %P 1303-099X- %V 19 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD DURUSU-ÇİFTÇİ, Dilek , NAZLIOĞLU, Şaban . "Does Income Converge in Turkey? an Empirical Assessment". Ege Academic Review 19 / 1 (January 2019): 15-32.
AMA DURUSU-ÇİFTÇİ D , NAZLIOĞLU Ş . Does Income Converge in Turkey? an Empirical Assessment. eab. 2019; 19(1): 15-32.
Vancouver DURUSU-ÇİFTÇİ D , NAZLIOĞLU Ş . Does Income Converge in Turkey? an Empirical Assessment. Ege Academic Review. 2019; 19(1): 32-15.