Year 2018, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 99 - 105 2018-12-30

Teknolojik Açığın Ülke-Spesifik Etkilerinin Belirlenmesi
Determination of Country-Specific Effects of Technological Gap

Gülçin GÜREŞÇİ [1]

49 171

Bu çalışma, Avrupa Birliği'nde teknoloji açığının ülkeye özgü etkilerinin belirlenmesini analiz etmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Bu nedenle bu çalışma, teknoloji açığı modelini kullanmaktadır ve 1998-2016 dönemi için Avrupa Birliği ülkeleri için teknoloji açığının belirleyicilerini göstermektedir. Analizde dengeli panel veri metodu kullanılmıştır. 22 Avrupa Birliği ülkesi için teorinin ampirik testleri sunulmaktadır. Patent başvurusundaki büyüme oranının ve kişi başına Gayri Safi Yurtiçi Hasıla'nın büyüme oranının teknoloji açığını etkilediği bulunmuştur. Ortak İlişkili Etki Modeli sayesinde, her ülke için bu etkileri görebilmekteyiz. Bu, ülkeye özgü ekonomi politikasını geliştirme fırsatı vermektedir. Bu sayede ekonomi politikası uygulayıcıları bir ekonomik entegrasyona dahil bile olsa ülkeler, daha etkin politikalar geliştirebilirler. 

 This study aims to analyze the determination of country-specific effects of technology gap in the European Union. For this reason, this study employs technology gap model and shows that the determinants of technology gap for the European Union countries for the period 1998-2016. Balanced panel data method was used in the analysis. It is presented empirical tests of the theory for 22 European Union countries. It is found that patent application growth rate and Gross Domestic Product per person employed growth rate effect technology gap. Owing to the Common Correlated Effect Model we are able to see these effects for each country. This gives the opportunity to develop country-specific economic policy. In this way, economic policy practitioners can develop more effective policies for countries, even if they are involved in an economic integration.

  • Blomstrom, M. (1989). Foreign investment and spillovers: A study of technology transfer to Mexico. Routledge, London.
  • Castellacci, F. (2011). Closing the technology gap? Norwegian Institute of International Affairs Working Paper, 777.
  • Encaoua, D. (2007). The European technology gap. Paris School of Economics, Centre Economie Sorbonne, Lecture Monte Verita Conference.
  • Fagerberg, J. ve B. Verspagen (2002). Technology-gaps, innovation-diffusion and transformation: an evolutionary approach. Research Policy, 31, 1291-1304.
  • Fagerberg, J. (1987). A technology gap approach to why growth rates differ. Research Policy, 16 (2-4), 87-99.
  • Fagerberg, J. (1994). Technology and international differences in growth rates. Journal of Economic Literature, 32(3), 1147-1175.
  • Heitger B. (1993), Comparative economic growth: Catching up in East Asia. ASEAN Economic Bulletin, 10(1), 68-82.
  • Pesaran, M. H. (2004). General diagnostic tests for cross section dependence in panels. IZA Discussion Paper, 1240, 1-39.
  • Pesaran, M. H. (2006). Estimation and inference in large heterogeneous panels with a multifactor error structure. Econometrica, 74(4), 967-1012.
  • Pesaran, M. H. ve Yamagata, T. (2008). Testing slope homogeneity in large panels. Journal of Econometrics, 142, 50-93.
  • Posner, M.V. (1961). International trade and technological change. Oxford Economic Papers, 13: 323-341.
  • Schumpeter, J. (1934). The theory of economic development. Harvard University Press, Cambridge M.A.
  • Solow, R. (1957). Technical change and the aggregate production function. Review of Economic Statistics. 39(3), 312-320.
  • Westerlund, J. (2008). Panel cointegration tests of the Fisher Effect. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 23, 193-233.
  • Williams B. R. (1968). Technology, investment and growth. Review by: Stephen Merrett. The Economic Journal, 78(310), 428-430.
Primary Language en
Subjects Management
Published Date Aralık
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3761-8547
Author: Gülçin GÜREŞÇİ (Primary Author)
Institution: DOKUZ EYLUL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: December 30, 2018

Bibtex @research article { econder474242, journal = {Econder International Academic Journal}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-3806}, address = {Hayrettin KESGİNGÖZ}, year = {2018}, volume = {2}, pages = {99 - 105}, doi = {10.35342/econder.474242}, title = {Determination of Country-Specific Effects of Technological Gap}, key = {cite}, author = {GÜREŞÇİ, Gülçin} }
APA GÜREŞÇİ, G . (2018). Determination of Country-Specific Effects of Technological Gap. Econder International Academic Journal, 2 (2), 99-105. DOI: 10.35342/econder.474242
MLA GÜREŞÇİ, G . "Determination of Country-Specific Effects of Technological Gap". Econder International Academic Journal 2 (2018): 99-105 <http://dergipark.org.tr/econder/issue/40036/474242>
Chicago GÜREŞÇİ, G . "Determination of Country-Specific Effects of Technological Gap". Econder International Academic Journal 2 (2018): 99-105
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Determination of Country-Specific Effects of Technological Gap AU - Gülçin GÜREŞÇİ Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.35342/econder.474242 DO - 10.35342/econder.474242 T2 - Econder International Academic Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 99 EP - 105 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - -2602-3806 M3 - doi: 10.35342/econder.474242 UR - https://doi.org/10.35342/econder.474242 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Econder International Academic Journal Determination of Country-Specific Effects of Technological Gap %A Gülçin GÜREŞÇİ %T Determination of Country-Specific Effects of Technological Gap %D 2018 %J Econder International Academic Journal %P -2602-3806 %V 2 %N 2 %R doi: 10.35342/econder.474242 %U 10.35342/econder.474242
ISNAD GÜREŞÇİ, Gülçin . "Determination of Country-Specific Effects of Technological Gap". Econder International Academic Journal 2 / 2 (December 2019): 99-105. https://doi.org/10.35342/econder.474242
AMA GÜREŞÇİ G . Determination of Country-Specific Effects of Technological Gap. Econder. 2018; 2(2): 99-105.
Vancouver GÜREŞÇİ G . Determination of Country-Specific Effects of Technological Gap. Econder International Academic Journal. 2018; 2(2): 105-99.