Year 2018, Volume 10 , Issue 2, Pages 54 - 60 2018-12-31

Does Imidacloprid Cause Winter Losses In Honey Bees?
Imidacloprid Bal Arılarında Kış Kayıplarına Neden Olur Mu?

Ahmet KARAHAN [1] , Fatih YILDIRIM [2] , Merve KARAHAN [3] , İsmail KARACA [4]


Although bee deaths have been a popular topic in recent years, the causes of bee losses cannot be explained tangibly. Although it is stated that there are many causes of these deaths, it is estimated that pesticides which are used for agricultural purposes are the biggest causes of deaths.  Bee losses are seen at the end of winter and early spring. In this study, it has been investigated that the effect of imidacloprid active ingredient agricultural war drug from the neonicotinoid group on Anatolian honey bee (Apis mellifera anatoliaca) In the study, 5 ml / 100 L water and 6 different doses of this dose are diluted 50% (2.5 ml / 100 L water, 1,25 ml / 100 L water, 0,625 ml / 100 L water, 0,312 ml / 100 L water, 0.115 ml / 100 L water). At the end of the study, 75.66 % of the honey bees applied at different doses of imidaxloprid died, while 49 % of the control bees died. In this study, it was observed that the bees that imidacloprid is applied has incured more winter losses than the control group bees. Deaths in the control group; in addition to pesticides in the winter loss, there are also different factors.

Son yıllarda arı ölümleri oldukça popüler bir çalışma konusu olmasına rağmen, arı kayıplarının nedenleri somut bir şekilde açıklanamamaktadır. Yapılan çalışmalarda, bu ölümlerin birçok sebebinin olduğu belirtilse de ölümlerin gerçekleşmesindeki en büyük payın tarımsal mücadele amaçlı olarak kullanılan pestisitlerin olduğu tahmin edilmektedir.

Arı kayıpları en fazla kış bitiminde ve erken ilkbaharda görülmektedir. Bu çalışma ile neonicotinoid grubundan imidacloprid etken maddeli tarımsal savaş ilacının Anadolu bal arısı (Apis mellifera anatoliaca) üzerine etkisi araştırılmıştır. Çalışmada, 5 ml /100 L su ve bu dozun %50 seyreltilmiş 6 farklı dozu (2,5 ml /100 L su, 1,25 ml /100 L su, 0,625 ml /100 L su, 0,312 ml /100 L su, 0,156 ml /100 L su) kullanılmıştır. Çalışma sonunda, imidaclopridin farklı dozları uygulanan arıların % 75.66’sı ölürken, kontrol grubu arıların %49’u ölmüştür. Bu çalışma ile imidacloprid uygulanan arıların kontrol grubu arılarına göre daha fazla kış kaybına uğradığı görülmüştür. Kontrol grubunda yaşanan ölümler; kış kaybının yaşanmasında pestisitlerin yanı sıra daha farklı etmenlerin de olduğunu ortaya koymuştur.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Author: Ahmet KARAHAN (Primary Author)
Institution: Çobanlar İlçe Tarım ve Orman Müdürlüğü
Country: Turkey


Author: Fatih YILDIRIM
Institution: Ereğli İlçe Tarım ve Orman Müdürlüğü
Country: Turkey


Author: Merve KARAHAN
Institution: Işıklar Şeker Ortaokulu

Author: İsmail KARACA
Institution: Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 31, 2018

Bibtex @research article { aader518964, journal = {Arıcılık Araştırma Dergisi}, issn = {2146-2720}, eissn = {2618-6438}, address = {Arıcılık Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü Ordu-Ulubey Karayolu 12.Km Dedeli Yerleşkesi (Pk:10) Altınordu/Ordu}, publisher = {Arıcılık Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü}, year = {2018}, volume = {10}, pages = {54 - 60}, doi = {}, title = {Imidacloprid Bal Arılarında Kış Kayıplarına Neden Olur Mu?}, key = {cite}, author = {KARAHAN, Ahmet and YILDIRIM, Fatih and KARAHAN, Merve and KARACA, İsmail} }
APA KARAHAN, A , YILDIRIM, F , KARAHAN, M , KARACA, İ . (2018). Imidacloprid Bal Arılarında Kış Kayıplarına Neden Olur Mu?. Arıcılık Araştırma Dergisi , 10 (2) , 54-60 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/aader/issue/42870/518964
MLA KARAHAN, A , YILDIRIM, F , KARAHAN, M , KARACA, İ . "Imidacloprid Bal Arılarında Kış Kayıplarına Neden Olur Mu?". Arıcılık Araştırma Dergisi 10 (2018 ): 54-60 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/aader/issue/42870/518964>
Chicago KARAHAN, A , YILDIRIM, F , KARAHAN, M , KARACA, İ . "Imidacloprid Bal Arılarında Kış Kayıplarına Neden Olur Mu?". Arıcılık Araştırma Dergisi 10 (2018 ): 54-60
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Imidacloprid Bal Arılarında Kış Kayıplarına Neden Olur Mu? AU - Ahmet KARAHAN , Fatih YILDIRIM , Merve KARAHAN , İsmail KARACA Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Arıcılık Araştırma Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 54 EP - 60 VL - 10 IS - 2 SN - 2146-2720-2618-6438 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Arıcılık Araştırma Dergisi Imidacloprid Bal Arılarında Kış Kayıplarına Neden Olur Mu? %A Ahmet KARAHAN , Fatih YILDIRIM , Merve KARAHAN , İsmail KARACA %T Imidacloprid Bal Arılarında Kış Kayıplarına Neden Olur Mu? %D 2018 %J Arıcılık Araştırma Dergisi %P 2146-2720-2618-6438 %V 10 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD KARAHAN, Ahmet , YILDIRIM, Fatih , KARAHAN, Merve , KARACA, İsmail . "Imidacloprid Bal Arılarında Kış Kayıplarına Neden Olur Mu?". Arıcılık Araştırma Dergisi 10 / 2 (December 2019): 54-60 .
AMA KARAHAN A , YILDIRIM F , KARAHAN M , KARACA İ . Imidacloprid Bal Arılarında Kış Kayıplarına Neden Olur Mu?. Arıcılık Araştırma Dergisi. 2018; 10(2): 54-60.
Vancouver KARAHAN A , YILDIRIM F , KARAHAN M , KARACA İ . Imidacloprid Bal Arılarında Kış Kayıplarına Neden Olur Mu?. Arıcılık Araştırma Dergisi. 2018; 10(2): 60-54.