Besides the studies investigating the relationship between health expenditures and economic growth, the factors that affect the amount of expenditure is an important question for the researchers. In this context, the aim of this study is to determine the macro determinants of health expenditures and the differences of these factors for countries in different income groups. In this study, annual data from 139 countries were used for the 2000-2015 period obtained from the World Bank Development Indicators database. In addition to the general panel data set, four different data sets, high, upper middle, lower middle and low income, were used to investigate how the health expenditure determinants change according to the development level of the countries. In this study, per capita income, public expenditures, population over 65 and under 14 years of age, life expectancy, maternal mortality rates and the effect of urban population on health expenditures were investigated considering the studies in the literature. As a result of the study, a positive correlation was found between health expenditures and per capita income, public expenditures and population over 65 years, and a negative correlation between maternal mortality and under 14 years of age for the overall country set. Consistent results regarding life expectancy and urbanization could not be obtained. When the results were examined in terms of income groups, it was found that the relationship between health expenditures and the variables discussed differed according to these sub-groups.
Publication Date : December 31, 2019
|APA||EĞRİ, T . (2019). GELİŞMİŞ VE GELİŞMEKTE OLAN ÜLKELERDE SAĞLIK HARCAMALARININ MAKRO BELİRLEYİCİLERİ: DİNAMİK PANEL VERİ ANALİZİ. Adam Akademi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 9 (2) , 423-447 . DOI: 10.31679/adamakademi.635704|