Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 2, Pages 80 - 84 2020-11-15

Flower morphology and ontogeny of endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers. (Rosaceae) from Turkey
Türkiye endemiği Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers.’ in (Rosaceae) çiçek morfolojisi ve ontogenisi

Aslıhan ÇETİNBAŞ GENÇ [1] , Meral ÜNAL [2]


In this study, flower morphology and ontogeny of Turkish endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia Lam. Pers. (Rosaceae) were studied using stereo, light and scanning electron microscope. C. tanacetifolia has corymb type of inflorescence which bears 5-10 hermaphrodite flowers. The first sign in appearance of the flowers is the differentiation of apical meristem as a roundish bulge. It transforms into the floral meristem which gives rise to floral organ primordia in advanced stages. 20 stamen primordia differentiate as roundish bulge from the sides of floral meristem. Subsequently, the stamen primordia start stretching and differantiating into filaments and anthers respectively. After a short time of stamen initiation, 5 carpel primordia differentiate from the floral meristem. In following stages, the carpel primordia elongate and form an ovary with 5 loculi. During the ovary formation, 5 styles occur on the ovary and then stigmas evolve out of styles tips.
Bu çalışmada, Türkiye endemiği Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers.’in (Rosaceae) çiçek morfolojisi ve ontogenisi stereo, ışık ve tarayıcı elektron mikroskobu ile incelenmiştir. Crataegus tanacetifolia 5-10 adet hermafrodit çiçek taşıyan korimbus tipi çiçek durumuna sahiptir. Çiçeklerin ortaya çıkışındaki ilk işaret, apikal meristemin yuvarlak bir çıkıntı olarak farklılaşmasıdır. Apikal meristem ilerleyen evrelerde çiçek organlarını oluşturacak olan floral meristeme dönüşür. Floral meristemin kenarlarından 20 adet stamen taslağı yuvarlak çıkıntılar olarak farklılaşır. Ardından stamen taslakları uzamaya başlar ve sırası ile filamentler ve anterleri oluşturur. Stamen taslaklarının belirmesinden kısa bir süre sonra, floral meristemden 5 adet karpel taslağı farklılaşır. İlerleyen evrelerde, karpel taslakları uzar ve 5 lokuslu bir ovaryum oluşturur. Ovaryum oluşumu esnasında, 5 stilus ovaryumun üzerinde gelişir ve ardından stilusların üzerinde stigmalar geişir.
  • Aryal R, Ray M (2014). Sex determination in flowering plants: papaya as a model system. Plant Science 217: 56-62.
  • Benli M, Yiğit N, Geven F, Güney K, Bingöl Ü (2008). Antimicrobial activity of endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers and observation of the inhibition effect on bacterial cells. Cell Biochemistry and Function 26(8): 844-851.
  • Bura FT, Firuzja RA, Nemati F (2016). Cytotoxic effect of the flower and leaf bud extract of Crataegus microphylla c. koch on hela cell line. IIOAB Journal 7(4): 214-218.
  • Campbell CS, Evans RC, Morgan DR, Dickinson TA, Arsenault MP (2007). Phylogeny of subtribe Pyrinae (formerly the Maloideae, Rosaceae): limited resolution of a complex evolutionary history. Plant Systematics and Evolution 266(1): 119-145.
  • Chang WT, Dao J, Shao ZH (2005) Hawthorn: potential roles in cardiovascular disease. The American Journal of Chinese Medicine 33(01): 1-10.
  • Cheng P, Greyson C, Walden D (1983). Organ initiation and the development of unisexual flowers in the tassel and ear of Zea mays. American Journal of Botany 70: 450-462.
  • Çetinbaş A, Ünal M (2012). Comparative ontogeny of hermaphrodite and pistillate florets in Helianthus annuus L. (Asteraceae). Notulae Scientia Biologicae 4(2): 30-40.
  • Dadpour MR, Naghiloo S, Neycaran SF (2011). The development of pistillate and perfect florets in Xeranthemum squarrosum (Asteraceae). Plant Biology 14: 234-243.
  • Davis PH, Browicz K (1972) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Edinburgh: Edinburgh Univ. Press.
  • Dellaporta SL, Calderon-Urrea A (1993). Sex determination in flowering plants. The Plant Cell Online 5(10):1241-1251.
  • Dong P, Pan L, Zhang X, Zhang W, Wang X, Jiang M, Chen Y, Duan Y, Wu H, Xu Y, Zhang P, Zhu Y (2017) Hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge) leave flavonoids attenuate atherosclerosis development in apoE knock-out mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 198:479-488.
  • Dönmez AA (2004). The genus Crataegus L. (Rosaceae) with special reference to hybridisation and biodiversity in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany 28: 29–37.
  • Durner EF (2015). Photoperiod affects floral ontogeny in strawberry (Fragaria× ananassa Duch.) plug plants. Scientia Horticulturae 194: 154-159.
  • Durner EF, Poling EB (1985). Comparison of three methods for determining the floral or vegetative status of strawberry plants. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 110: 808-811.
  • Engin H, Ünal A (2007). Examination of flower bud initiation and differentiation in sweet cherry and peach by scanning electron microscope. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 31(6): 373-379.
  • Evans RC, Dickinson TA (1996). North American black-fruited hawthorns. II. Floral development of 10-and 20-stamen morphotypes in Crataegus section Douglasii (Rosaceae: Maloideae). American Journal of Botany 83(8):961-978.
  • Gasser S, Beers K (1993). Pistil development. Plant Cell 5(10): 1231-1239.
  • Gyan KY, Woodell SRJ (1987). Flowering phenology, flower colour and mode of reproduction of Prunus spinosa L. (Blackthorn); Crataegus monogyna Jacq. (Hawthorn); Rosa canina L. (Dog Rose); and Rubus fruticosus L. (Bramble) in Oxfordshire, England. Functional Ecology 1(3): 261-268.
  • Hamideh R, Ahmad M, Sedigheh A, Fariba S, Sedigheh M (2012). A study of microsporogenesis and pollen morphology in Crataegus babakhanloui (Rosaceae). Advances in Environmental Biology 6(11):2986-2991. Harris EM, Tucker SC, Urbatsch LE (1991) Floral initiation and early development in Erigeron philadelphicus (Asteraceae). American Journal of Botany 78(1): 108-121.
  • Juarez C, Banks JA (1998). Sex determination in plants. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 1(1): 68-72.
  • Kinney MS, Columbus JT, Friar EA (2008). Unisexual flower, spikelet, and inflorescence development in monoecious/dioecious Bouteloua dimorpha (Poaceae, Chloridoideae). American Journal of Botany 95(2): 123-132.
  • Lund JA, Brown PN, Shipley PR (2017). Differentiation of Crataegus spp. guided by nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry with chemometric analyses. Phytochemistry 141: 11-19.
  • Phipps JB (2012). Critical taxa in Crataegus series Molles (Rosaceae): Typifications, new combinations, and taxonomic review. Phytoneuron 78:1-23.
  • Platt AKA, Oross JW, Thomson WW (1983). Ultrastructural study of the development of oil cells in the mesocarp of avocado fruit. Botanical Gazette 144(1): 49-55.
  • Rohrer JR, Robertson KR, Phipps JB (1994). Floral morphology of Maloideae (Rosaceae) and its systematic relevance. American Journal of Botany 81(5): 574-581.
  • Saribas M, Yaman B (2005). Wood anatomy of Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers. (Rosaceae), endemic to Turkey. International Journal of Botany 1(2): 158-162.
  • Sharifnia F, Zarrinkolah O, Salimpour F (2016). Crataegus coriifolia sp. nov. (Rosaceae) from Iran. Nordic Journal of Botany 34(6): 735-738.
  • Tal L, Friedlander G, Gilboa NS, Unger T, Gilad S, Eshed Y (2017). Coordination of meristem doming and the floral transition by late termination, a kelch repeat protein. The Plant Cell tpc-00030.
  • Tassell MC, Kingston R, Gilroy D, Lehane M, Furey A (2010). Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Pharmacognosy Reviews 4(7): 32-41.
  • Topçuoğlu N, Selvi N, Dokumaci E (2009). The comparison of critical point drying and drying with hexamethyldisilazane methods for the preparation of mice tissues for scanning electron microscopy ii. Lung and stomach findings. Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology 1: 127-132.
  • Tuyakova AT, Imanbayeva AA, Duysenova NI, Ishmuratova MY (2016). Anatomical structure study of aerial organs of Crataegus ambigua CA Mey.. Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia 13(3): 1303-1309.
  • Uhl WN (2011). Developmental studies in Ptychosperma (Palmae). II. The staminate and pistillate flowers. American Journal of Botany 63(1): 97-109.
  • Vitalini S, Tomè F, Fico G (2009). Traditional uses of medicinal plants in Valvestino (Italy). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 121(1): 106-116.
Primary Language en
Subjects Biology
Published Date 2020
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-5125-9395
Author: Aslıhan ÇETİNBAŞ GENÇ (Primary Author)
Institution: Marmara University
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2946-0962
Author: Meral ÜNAL
Institution: Marmara University
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Research Foundation of Marmara University
Project Number FEN-C-DRP- 120514-0169
Thanks This work was supported by the Research Foundation of Marmara University (BAPKO no. FEN-C-DRP- 120514-0169).
Dates

Publication Date : November 15, 2020

Bibtex @research article { ajb709971, journal = {Anatolian Journal of Botany}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2818}, address = {anatolianjbot@gmail.com}, publisher = {Abdullah KAYA}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {80 - 84}, doi = {10.30616/ajb.709971}, title = {Flower morphology and ontogeny of endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers. (Rosaceae) from Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Çeti̇nbaş Genç, Aslıhan and Ünal, Meral} }
APA Çeti̇nbaş Genç, A , Ünal, M . (2020). Flower morphology and ontogeny of endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers. (Rosaceae) from Turkey . Anatolian Journal of Botany , 4 (2) , 80-84 . DOI: 10.30616/ajb.709971
MLA Çeti̇nbaş Genç, A , Ünal, M . "Flower morphology and ontogeny of endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers. (Rosaceae) from Turkey" . Anatolian Journal of Botany 4 (2020 ): 80-84 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ajb/issue/56687/709971>
Chicago Çeti̇nbaş Genç, A , Ünal, M . "Flower morphology and ontogeny of endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers. (Rosaceae) from Turkey". Anatolian Journal of Botany 4 (2020 ): 80-84
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Flower morphology and ontogeny of endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers. (Rosaceae) from Turkey AU - Aslıhan Çeti̇nbaş Genç , Meral Ünal Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.30616/ajb.709971 DO - 10.30616/ajb.709971 T2 - Anatolian Journal of Botany JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 80 EP - 84 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - -2602-2818 M3 - doi: 10.30616/ajb.709971 UR - https://doi.org/10.30616/ajb.709971 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Anatolian Journal of Botany Flower morphology and ontogeny of endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers. (Rosaceae) from Turkey %A Aslıhan Çeti̇nbaş Genç , Meral Ünal %T Flower morphology and ontogeny of endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers. (Rosaceae) from Turkey %D 2020 %J Anatolian Journal of Botany %P -2602-2818 %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.30616/ajb.709971 %U 10.30616/ajb.709971
ISNAD Çeti̇nbaş Genç, Aslıhan , Ünal, Meral . "Flower morphology and ontogeny of endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers. (Rosaceae) from Turkey". Anatolian Journal of Botany 4 / 2 (November 2020): 80-84 . https://doi.org/10.30616/ajb.709971
AMA Çeti̇nbaş Genç A , Ünal M . Flower morphology and ontogeny of endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers. (Rosaceae) from Turkey. Ant J Bot. 2020; 4(2): 80-84.
Vancouver Çeti̇nbaş Genç A , Ünal M . Flower morphology and ontogeny of endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers. (Rosaceae) from Turkey. Anatolian Journal of Botany. 2020; 4(2): 80-84.
IEEE A. Çeti̇nbaş Genç and M. Ünal , "Flower morphology and ontogeny of endemic Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers. (Rosaceae) from Turkey", Anatolian Journal of Botany, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 80-84, Nov. 2020, doi:10.30616/ajb.709971