Year 2020, Volume 8 , Issue 4, Pages 1207 - 1211 2020-08-24

Güney ve Grotesk: Flannery O’Connor’ın ‘Çarpık’ Karakterleri
The South and the Grotesque: Flannery O’Connor’s ‘Twisted’ Characters

Abdullah Gökhan TUĞAN [1] , F. Gül KOÇSOY [2]


Bu makalenin amacı Amerikan Güney’inin grotesk çağrışımlarını araştırmak, Wolfgang Kayser’in (1906-1960) tiplemeleri temelinde Flannery O’Connor’ın (1925-1964) kısa öykülerindeki grotesk karakterleri incelemek ve buna bağlı olarak bu karakterlerin şiddet olgusuyla ilişkilerini ortaya koymaktır. Güney’in kendine özgü özellikleri çoğunlukla sürekli olarak grotesk vurgusu yapmasıyla bilinen güney yazınının her alanına nüfuz etmiştir. Önemli bir güneyli yazar olarak O’Connor da kendi edebiyatında grotesk karakterlere yer vermiştir. O’Connor’ın karakterleri üç farklı şekilde grotesk özellik göstermektedirler; bedensel kusurluluk, düşünsel aykırılık ve davranışsal yozlaşma. Bu makalede, bahsi geçen üç grotesk kaynağı üç kısa öykü aracığıyla incelenmektedir: “Parker’s Back,” “The Comforts of Home” ve “The Partridge Festival.”
The objective of this article is to research the grotesque undertones of American South, investigate the grotesque characters in Flannery O’Connor’s (1925-1964) short fiction based on Wolfgang Kayser’s (1906-1960) typology and accordingly reveal their affinities with the phenomenon of violence. The distinctive qualities of the South infuse all aspects of southern literature that is mostly notable for its perennial emphasis upon the grotesque. As a significant southern writer, O’Connor also employs grotesque characters in her fiction. O’Connor’s characters emanate grotesque singularities in three different manners; corporeal malformation, intellectual incongruity and behavioural degeneration. These three motives for the grotesque are analyzed through three short stories in this article: “Parker’s Back,” “The Comforts of Home” and “The Partridge Festival.”
  • Crow, C. L. (2009). American Gothic. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. Freud, S. (1919). The Uncanny. (accessed: 12 June 2019), https://web.mit.edu/allanmc/www/freud1.pdf
  • Gentry, M. B. (1986). Flannery O’Connor’s Religion of the Grotesque. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
  • Gordon, S. (2000). Flannery O’Connor: The Obedient Imagination. Athens: The University of Georgia Press.
  • Hawkes, J. (1962). Flannery O’Connor’s Devil. The Sewanee Review, 70(3), 395-407. (accessed: 12 June 2019), https://www.jstor.org/stable/27540793
  • Hendin, J. (1970). The World of Flannery O’Connor. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • Kayser, W. (1963). The Grotesque in Art and Literature. Ulrich Weisstein (Trans.). New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
  • Lindroth, J. R. (1984). A Consistency of Voice and Vision: O’Connor as Self-Critic. Religion & Literature, 16(2), 43-59. (accessed: 12 June 2019), https://www.jstor.org/stable/40059245
  • Mikics, D. (2007). A New Handbook of Literary Terms. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Morton, M. L. (1980). With Ground Teeth: A Study of Flannery O’Connor’s Women. Ph.D. Diss. LSU Historical Dissertations and Theses. 3531. (accessed: 12 June 2019), https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4530&context=gradschool_disstheses
  • O’Connor, F. (1984). Mystery and Manners. Sally and Robert Fitzgerald (Ed.). London: Faber and Faber.
  • O’Connor, F. (1990). The Complete Stories of Flannery O’Connor. London: Faber and Faber.
  • Orvell, M. (1991). Flannery O’Connor: An Introduction. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
  • Paulson, S. M. (1988). Flannery O’Connor: A Study of the Short Fiction. Boston: Twayne Publishers.
  • Rubenstein, R. (1996). House Mothers and Haunted Daughters: Shirley Jackson and Female Gothic. Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, 15(2), 309-331. (accessed: 12 June 2019), https://www.jstor.org/stable/464139
  • Schleifer, R. (1993). Rural Gothic: The Sublime Rhetoric of Flannery O’Connor. In: David Mogen, Scott P. Sanders, and Joanne B. Karpinski (Ed.), Frontier Gothic: Terror and Wonder at the Frontier in American Literature (p. 175-86). London: Associated University Presses.
Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5422-6369
Author: Abdullah Gökhan TUĞAN (Primary Author)
Institution: FIRAT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7813-8961
Author: F. Gül KOÇSOY
Institution: FIRAT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : August 24, 2020

Bibtex @research article { anemon614223, journal = {Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-4622}, address = {}, publisher = {Mus Alparslan University}, year = {2020}, volume = {8}, pages = {1207 - 1211}, doi = {10.18506/anemon.614223}, title = {The South and the Grotesque: Flannery O’Connor’s ‘Twisted’ Characters}, key = {cite}, author = {Tuğan, Abdullah Gökhan and Koçsoy, F. Gül} }
APA Tuğan, A , Koçsoy, F . (2020). The South and the Grotesque: Flannery O’Connor’s ‘Twisted’ Characters . Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 8 (4) , 1207-1211 . DOI: 10.18506/anemon.614223
MLA Tuğan, A , Koçsoy, F . "The South and the Grotesque: Flannery O’Connor’s ‘Twisted’ Characters" . Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 8 (2020 ): 1207-1211 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/anemon/issue/56374/614223>
Chicago Tuğan, A , Koçsoy, F . "The South and the Grotesque: Flannery O’Connor’s ‘Twisted’ Characters". Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 8 (2020 ): 1207-1211
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The South and the Grotesque: Flannery O’Connor’s ‘Twisted’ Characters AU - Abdullah Gökhan Tuğan , F. Gül Koçsoy Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.18506/anemon.614223 DO - 10.18506/anemon.614223 T2 - Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1207 EP - 1211 VL - 8 IS - 4 SN - -2149-4622 M3 - doi: 10.18506/anemon.614223 UR - https://doi.org/10.18506/anemon.614223 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi The South and the Grotesque: Flannery O’Connor’s ‘Twisted’ Characters %A Abdullah Gökhan Tuğan , F. Gül Koçsoy %T The South and the Grotesque: Flannery O’Connor’s ‘Twisted’ Characters %D 2020 %J Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi %P -2149-4622 %V 8 %N 4 %R doi: 10.18506/anemon.614223 %U 10.18506/anemon.614223
ISNAD Tuğan, Abdullah Gökhan , Koçsoy, F. Gül . "The South and the Grotesque: Flannery O’Connor’s ‘Twisted’ Characters". Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 8 / 4 (August 2020): 1207-1211 . https://doi.org/10.18506/anemon.614223
AMA Tuğan A , Koçsoy F . The South and the Grotesque: Flannery O’Connor’s ‘Twisted’ Characters. Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2020; 8(4): 1207-1211.
Vancouver Tuğan A , Koçsoy F . The South and the Grotesque: Flannery O’Connor’s ‘Twisted’ Characters. Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2020; 8(4): 1207-1211.