Year 2019, Volume 7 , Issue 3, Pages 347 - 354 2019-09-28

Ancient Karez System in Afghanistan: The Perspective of Construction and Maintenance
Ancient Karez System in Afghanistan: The Perspective of Construction and Maintenance

Abobakar Himat [1] , Selim Dogan [2]


Ancient Karez has a history of millennium. Karez is underground tunnel which is constructed in ground by digging the main well of the system and extending underground tunnel in foothills of the mountains. This system extracts groundwater to surface by gravity without using any pumping equipment. Ancient Karez system is viable in hot, arid and semi-arid climate regions. These systems are one of the best ways of extracting groundwater by gravity in such poor regions. Minimum slope is vital for extracting groundwater to the surface in Karez system. In this study, the perspective of construction and maintenance of Karez system in Afghanistan is assessed. Information related to Karez construction and maintenance is provided in order to improve the quality of work during these processes. The Karez system cannot be used effectively if construction and maintenance processes are not carried out properly. This will affect agricultural productions, water supply and social life in the region. Some possible solutions are suggested for the mitigation of the risk of collapsing and extinction of Karez systems. Some recommendations are provided to encourage the associated organizations in Afghanistan for rehabilitation of Karez irrigation and water supply system.

Ancient Karez has a history of millennium. Karez is underground tunnel which is constructed in ground by digging the main well of the system and extending underground tunnel in foothills of the mountains. This system extracts groundwater to surface by gravity without using any pumping equipment. Ancient Karez system is viable in hot, arid and semi-arid climate regions. These systems are one of the best ways of extracting groundwater by gravity in such poor regions. Minimum slope is vital for extracting groundwater to the surface in Karez system. In this study, the perspective of construction and maintenance of Karez system in Afghanistan is assessed. Information related to Karez construction and maintenance is provided in order to improve the quality of work during these processes. The Karez system cannot be used effectively if construction and maintenance processes are not carried out properly. This will affect agricultural productions, water supply and social life in the region. Some possible solutions are suggested for the mitigation of the risk of collapsing and extinction of Karez systems. Some recommendations are provided to encourage the associated organizations in Afghanistan for rehabilitation of Karez irrigation and water supply system.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2281-4967
Author: Abobakar Himat (Primary Author)
Institution: Konya Technical University
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2281-4967
Author: Selim Dogan
Institution: Konya Technical University
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : September 28, 2019

Bibtex @research article { apjes466757, journal = {Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2147-4575}, address = {}, publisher = {Academic Platform}, year = {2019}, volume = {7}, pages = {347 - 354}, doi = {10.21541/apjes.466757}, title = {Ancient Karez System in Afghanistan: The Perspective of Construction and Maintenance}, key = {cite}, author = {Himat, Abobakar and Dogan, Selim} }
APA Himat, A , Dogan, S . (2019). Ancient Karez System in Afghanistan: The Perspective of Construction and Maintenance. Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi , 7 (3) , 347-354 . DOI: 10.21541/apjes.466757
MLA Himat, A , Dogan, S . "Ancient Karez System in Afghanistan: The Perspective of Construction and Maintenance". Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 7 (2019 ): 347-354 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/apjes/issue/44190/466757>
Chicago Himat, A , Dogan, S . "Ancient Karez System in Afghanistan: The Perspective of Construction and Maintenance". Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 7 (2019 ): 347-354
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Ancient Karez System in Afghanistan: The Perspective of Construction and Maintenance AU - Abobakar Himat , Selim Dogan Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.21541/apjes.466757 DO - 10.21541/apjes.466757 T2 - Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 347 EP - 354 VL - 7 IS - 3 SN - -2147-4575 M3 - doi: 10.21541/apjes.466757 UR - https://doi.org/10.21541/apjes.466757 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi Ancient Karez System in Afghanistan: The Perspective of Construction and Maintenance %A Abobakar Himat , Selim Dogan %T Ancient Karez System in Afghanistan: The Perspective of Construction and Maintenance %D 2019 %J Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2147-4575 %V 7 %N 3 %R doi: 10.21541/apjes.466757 %U 10.21541/apjes.466757
ISNAD Himat, Abobakar , Dogan, Selim . "Ancient Karez System in Afghanistan: The Perspective of Construction and Maintenance". Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 7 / 3 (September 2019): 347-354 . https://doi.org/10.21541/apjes.466757
AMA Himat A , Dogan S . Ancient Karez System in Afghanistan: The Perspective of Construction and Maintenance. APJES. 2019; 7(3): 347-354.
Vancouver Himat A , Dogan S . Ancient Karez System in Afghanistan: The Perspective of Construction and Maintenance. Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 7(3): 354-347.