Research Article
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Evaluation Of Community Preparedness On Flood Management; A Public Survey In Kano Metropolitan

Year 2021, Volume: 2 Issue: 1, 37 - 46, 30.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.52114/apjhad.919669

Abstract

Flooding is one of the frequent natural/human-induced phenomena, which occurred annually for decades in Nigeria. This disaster claimed several lives and properties worth more than N6,120 Bn (which is close to the 2016 budget of the country, Nigeria). Flooding usually occurs in Kano because of lack of community participation, blockage of water drainage as well as lack of law enforcement to force people living in prone areas to vacate. The focus group discussion (FGD) was employed as a tool for data collection. The sampling frame is all district-heads, (Local Government Emergency Management agency) LEMA representatives, and other stakeholders in each local government area. The purposive-sampling technique was adopted in selecting the respondents. It is found that the majority of the respondents believed that climate change is one of the causes of flooding. Others include lack of urban planning, indiscriminate dumping of refuse in the drainage, lack of community participation, etc. Some of the responses made by the respondents about their preparedness are after flooding took place. Some of the recommendations made by this paper include non-structural responses, which include more accurate flood forecasting through the use of satellites, high-tech equipment, zoning and land-use policies, insurance programs, evacuation planning, and public enlightenment programs to sensitize people on the consequences of flooding.

Supporting Institution

Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil

References

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  • [5] M. Ahern, R. S. Kovats, P. Wilkinson, R. Few, and F. Matthies, ‘Global health impacts of floods: epidemiologic evidence’, Epidemiologic reviews, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 36–46, 2005.
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  • [9] O. O. Bashir, A. H. Oludare, O. O. Johnson, and B. Aloysius, ‘Floods of fury in Nigerian cities’, Journal of Sustainable Development, vol. 5, no. 7, p. 69, 2012.
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  • [11] C. Green, ‘The evaluation of vulnerability to flooding’, Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 2004.
  • [12] L. Fewtrell and D. Kay, ‘An attempt to quantify the health impacts of flooding in the UK using an urban case study’, Public health, vol. 122, no. 5, pp. 446–451, 2008.
  • [13] S. Tunstall, S. Tapsell, C. Green, P. Floyd, and C. George, ‘The health effects of flooding: social research results from England and Wales’, Journal of water and health, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 365–380, 2006.
  • [14] H. Garba, A. Ibrahim, S. Ahmed, and B. Faustinus, ‘Hydrological modeling of the impact of climate change on a tropical perennial river flooding’, Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering and Science, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 30–35, 2013.
  • [15] J. Chen, A. A. Hill, and L. D. Urbano, ‘A GIS-based model for urban flood inundation’, Journal of Hydrology, vol. 373, no. 1–2, pp. 184–192, 2009.
  • [16] A. R. Clement, ‘An application of Geographic Information System in mapping flood risk zones in a north central city in Nigeria’, African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 365–371, 2013.
  • [17] K. A. Aderogba, ‘Qualitative studies of recent floods and sustainable growth and development of cities and towns in Nigeria’, International Journal of Academic Research in Economics and Management Sciences, vol. 1, no. 3, p. 1, 2012.
  • [18] E. A. Olofin, ‘Lecture note on environment and development, Kano’, Geography department Bayero University, 2011.
  • [19] ‘Planning Sustainable Cities: Global Report on Human Settlements 2009 | UN-Habitat’. https://unhabitat.org/planning-sustainable-cities-global-report-on-human-settlements-2009 (accessed Jun. 30, 2021).
  • [20] M. Vis, F. Klijn, K. M. De Bruijn, and M. Van Buuren, ‘Resilience strategies for flood risk management in the Netherlands’, International journal of river basin management, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 33–40, 2003.
  • [21] M. C. Obeta, ‘Institutional approach to flood disaster management in Nigeria: need for a preparedness plan.’, British Journal of Applied Science & Technology, vol. 4, no. 33, pp. 4575–4590, 2014.
  • [22] H. B. Bwala, R. O. Oladosu, and S. M. Nghalmi, ‘Application of Physical Planning Strategies to Flood Control in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria’, Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2015.
  • [23] D. Mileti, Disasters by design: A reassessment of natural hazards in the United States. Joseph Henry Press, 1999.
Year 2021, Volume: 2 Issue: 1, 37 - 46, 30.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.52114/apjhad.919669

Abstract

References

  • [1] S. N. Muhammed, I. K. Abdullahi, N. I. Bello, and A. S. Abdullahi, ‘The need for implementation of Environmental Education in Nigeria-A Review’, Dutse Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 280–288, 2018.
  • [2] O. Agbonkhese, E. G. Agbonkhese, E. O. Aka, J. Joe-Abaya, M. Ocholi, and A. Adekunle, ‘Flood menace in Nigeria: impacts, remedial and management strategies.’, Civil and Environmental Research, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 32–40, 2014.
  • [3] Nigerian Emergency Management Agency, ‘Report on flood disasters in Nigeria’. https://nema.gov.ng/ (accessed Jun. 30, 2021).
  • [4] P. R. Hunter, ‘Climate change and waterborne and vector-borne disease’, Journal of applied microbiology, vol. 94, pp. 37–46, 2003.
  • [5] M. Ahern, R. S. Kovats, P. Wilkinson, R. Few, and F. Matthies, ‘Global health impacts of floods: epidemiologic evidence’, Epidemiologic reviews, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 36–46, 2005.
  • [6] ‘Climate change, urban flooding and the rights of the urban poor in Africa’, ActionAid International. https://actionaid.org/publications/2006/climate-change-urban-flooding-and-rights-urban-poor-africa (accessed Jun. 30, 2021).
  • [7] A. A. Adegbola and J. K. Jolayemi, ‘Historical rainfall-runoff modeling of river Ogunpa, Ibadan, Nigeria’, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 2725–2728, 2012.
  • [8] N. O. Adeoye, A. Ayanlade, and O. Babatimehin, ‘Climate change and menace of floods in Nigerian cities: socio-economic implications’, Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 369–378, 2009.
  • [9] O. O. Bashir, A. H. Oludare, O. O. Johnson, and B. Aloysius, ‘Floods of fury in Nigerian cities’, Journal of Sustainable Development, vol. 5, no. 7, p. 69, 2012.
  • [10] A. B. Nabegu, ‘Analysis of vulnerability to flood disaster in Kano State, Nigeria’, Greener Journal of Physical Sciences, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 22–29, 2014.
  • [11] C. Green, ‘The evaluation of vulnerability to flooding’, Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 2004.
  • [12] L. Fewtrell and D. Kay, ‘An attempt to quantify the health impacts of flooding in the UK using an urban case study’, Public health, vol. 122, no. 5, pp. 446–451, 2008.
  • [13] S. Tunstall, S. Tapsell, C. Green, P. Floyd, and C. George, ‘The health effects of flooding: social research results from England and Wales’, Journal of water and health, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 365–380, 2006.
  • [14] H. Garba, A. Ibrahim, S. Ahmed, and B. Faustinus, ‘Hydrological modeling of the impact of climate change on a tropical perennial river flooding’, Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering and Science, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 30–35, 2013.
  • [15] J. Chen, A. A. Hill, and L. D. Urbano, ‘A GIS-based model for urban flood inundation’, Journal of Hydrology, vol. 373, no. 1–2, pp. 184–192, 2009.
  • [16] A. R. Clement, ‘An application of Geographic Information System in mapping flood risk zones in a north central city in Nigeria’, African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 365–371, 2013.
  • [17] K. A. Aderogba, ‘Qualitative studies of recent floods and sustainable growth and development of cities and towns in Nigeria’, International Journal of Academic Research in Economics and Management Sciences, vol. 1, no. 3, p. 1, 2012.
  • [18] E. A. Olofin, ‘Lecture note on environment and development, Kano’, Geography department Bayero University, 2011.
  • [19] ‘Planning Sustainable Cities: Global Report on Human Settlements 2009 | UN-Habitat’. https://unhabitat.org/planning-sustainable-cities-global-report-on-human-settlements-2009 (accessed Jun. 30, 2021).
  • [20] M. Vis, F. Klijn, K. M. De Bruijn, and M. Van Buuren, ‘Resilience strategies for flood risk management in the Netherlands’, International journal of river basin management, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 33–40, 2003.
  • [21] M. C. Obeta, ‘Institutional approach to flood disaster management in Nigeria: need for a preparedness plan.’, British Journal of Applied Science & Technology, vol. 4, no. 33, pp. 4575–4590, 2014.
  • [22] H. B. Bwala, R. O. Oladosu, and S. M. Nghalmi, ‘Application of Physical Planning Strategies to Flood Control in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria’, Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2015.
  • [23] D. Mileti, Disasters by design: A reassessment of natural hazards in the United States. Joseph Henry Press, 1999.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Civil Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Ahmad Said ABUBAKAR This is me 0000-0001-6332-465X

Nura Isyaku BELLO 0000-0001-8186-5839

Umar ABBA This is me 0000-0002-3747-1768

Abdulkadir BELLO 0000-0002-9580-9632

Adamu HASSAN This is me 0000-0002-3466-7634

Publication Date June 30, 2021
Submission Date April 18, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021 Volume: 2 Issue: 1

Cite

IEEE A. S. ABUBAKAR, N. I. BELLO, U. ABBA, A. BELLO, and A. HASSAN, “Evaluation Of Community Preparedness On Flood Management; A Public Survey In Kano Metropolitan”, APJHAD, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 37–46, 2021, doi: 10.52114/apjhad.919669.
Academic Platform Journal of Natural Hazards and Disaster Management (APJHAD)