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Disaster and Livelihood of the Affected Population: Case Study of June 2013 Disaster in Rudraprayag District of Uttarakhand

Year 2021, Volume 2, Issue 2, 74 - 84, 29.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.52114/apjhad.981729

Abstract

Impact of disaster on the disaster affected population and utilisation pattern of the relief is assessed though a semi-structured questionnaire and focused discussions in Rudraprayag district of Uttarakhand in India that was affected by devastated floods in June, 2013. The families dependent on farm animals, agricultural land and business were covered under the study. This research is based on fieldwork carried out in the disaster affected Rudraprayag district and investigated an aspect that has not been studied in detail. It is found that the most persons engaged in small operations and particularly those coming from low socio-economic strata of the community fail to avail support from organised financial institutions and are therefore unable to replenish the productive assets lost in disaster and most money received in relief is spent on subsistence. This has resulted in reduced earning and deteriorated quality of life of the local inhabitants. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the fact that in the absence of popularity of risk transfer tools, productive assets lost in disaster are often not replenished as the relief amount provided by the state is significantly less than the market value of lost assets. In case of loss of productive assets, the state should therefore initiate an organised scheme with the involvement of financial institutions to ensure replenishment of productive assets of the disaster affected population rather than providing cash relief and insurance of the assets created be made mandatory as the voluntary adoption of risk transfer tools is unlikely to come by soon.

References

  • Bhambri R., Mehta M., Shweta Singh, Jayangondaperumal R., Gupta A.K. and Srivastava P. (2017), “Landslide inventory and damage assessment in the Bhagirathi Valley, Uttarakhand, during June 2013 flood”, Himalayan Geology, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 193-205.
  • Census of India (2011), “Population profiles: India, States and Union Territories”, Office of the Registrar General, India, New Delhi.
  • Disaster Management Act (2005), Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.
  • Khanduri, Sushil, (2021a). Flash Flood struck Dhauliganga valley on February 7, 2021: A Case study of Chamoli district of Uttarakhand Himalaya in India. Academic Platform Journal of Natural Hazards and Disaster Management, 2(1), 1-15.
  • Khanduri, Sushil, (2021b). Formation and Failure of Natural Dams in Uttarakhand Himalaya: An Observation from Lwarkha, Chamba Tahsil of Tehri Garhwal District, India. International Journal of Earth Sciences Knowledge and Applications, 3(1): 12-22.
  • Khanduri, Sushil, (2020). Cloudbursts Over Indian Sub-continent of Uttarakhand Himalaya: A Traditional Habitation Input from Bansoli, District-Chamoli, India. International Journal of Earth Sciences Knowledge and Applications, 2(2): 48-63.
  • Khanduri, Sushil, (2019). Natural Hazards in the township of Nainital, Uttarakhand in India. International Journal of Engineering Applied Sciences and Technology, 3(12), 42-49.
  • Khanduri, S. (2018), “Landslide Distribution and Damages during 2013 Deluge: A Case Study of Chamoli District, Uttarakhand”,Journal of Geography and Natural Disasters, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 1 - 10.
  • Khanduri, S., Sajwan, K.S., Rawat, A., Dhyani, C. and Kapoor, S. (2018), “Disaster in Rudraprayag district of Uttarakhand Himalaya: A special emphasis on geomorphic changes and slope instability”, Journal of Geography and Natural Disasters, Vol. 8 No. 1, pp. 1 - 9.
  • Kaushalya, H., Karunasena, G. and Amarathunga, D. (2014), “Role of insurance in post disaster recovery planning in business community”, Conference: Procedia Economics and Finance, Vol. 18, pp. 626 – 634.
  • Linnerooth-Bayer, J., Mechler, R. and Hochrainer, S. (2011), “Insurance against losses from natural disasters in developing countries: Evidence, gaps and the way forward”, Journal of Integrated Disaster Risk Management, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 59-81.
  • Mamgain, R.P. (2007), “Growth, poverty and employment in Uttarakhand”, Institute of Human Development, New Delhi Working Paper Series, pp. 1-15. Available online at http://www.ihdindia.org/Working%20Ppaers/2010-2005/pdf%20files/39-%20RP%20Mamgain.pdf
  • Mehta, M., Shukla, T., Bhambri, R., Gupta, A. and Dobhal, D. (2017), “Terrain changes, caused by the 15–17 June 2013 heavy rainfall in the Garhwal Himalaya, India: A case study of Alaknanda and Mandakini basins”, Geomorphology, Vol. 284, 53 – 71.
  • Rautela, Piyoosh (2013), “Lessons learnt from the deluge of Kedarnath, Uttarakhand, India”, Asian Journal of Environment and Disaster Management, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 167 - 75.
  • Rautela, Piyoosh (2018), Lessons learnt from June 16/17 2013 disaster of Uttarakhand, India”, in Shaw, R., Shiwaku, K. and Izumi, T. (Eds), Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia: Potentials and challenges, Elsevier Academic Press, pp. 273-300.
  • Shekhar, M.S., Pattanayak, S., Mohanty, U.C., Paul, S. and Sravana Kumar, M. (2015), “A study on the heavy rainfall event around Kedarnath area (Uttarakhand) on 16 June 2013”, Journal of Earth System Science (Indian Academy of Sciences); Available online at http://chandigarhmausam.in/uploads/JESS_Online_Published_Oct2015.pdf
  • Tuteja, U. (2015), “Agriculture profile of Uttarakhand”, Agricultural Economics Research Centre, University of Delhi, New Delhi, pp. 32. Available online at http://www.du.ac.in/du/uploads/Academics/centres_institutes/Agricultural_Eco/22.2015%20AGRI.Profile%20UK-Usha%20Tuteja,%202015.pdf
  • Xu, X. and Mo, J. (2013), “The Impact of Disaster Relief on Economic Growth: Evidence from China”, The Geneva Papers, Vol. 38, pp. 495 – 520.

Year 2021, Volume 2, Issue 2, 74 - 84, 29.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.52114/apjhad.981729

Abstract

References

  • Bhambri R., Mehta M., Shweta Singh, Jayangondaperumal R., Gupta A.K. and Srivastava P. (2017), “Landslide inventory and damage assessment in the Bhagirathi Valley, Uttarakhand, during June 2013 flood”, Himalayan Geology, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 193-205.
  • Census of India (2011), “Population profiles: India, States and Union Territories”, Office of the Registrar General, India, New Delhi.
  • Disaster Management Act (2005), Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India.
  • Khanduri, Sushil, (2021a). Flash Flood struck Dhauliganga valley on February 7, 2021: A Case study of Chamoli district of Uttarakhand Himalaya in India. Academic Platform Journal of Natural Hazards and Disaster Management, 2(1), 1-15.
  • Khanduri, Sushil, (2021b). Formation and Failure of Natural Dams in Uttarakhand Himalaya: An Observation from Lwarkha, Chamba Tahsil of Tehri Garhwal District, India. International Journal of Earth Sciences Knowledge and Applications, 3(1): 12-22.
  • Khanduri, Sushil, (2020). Cloudbursts Over Indian Sub-continent of Uttarakhand Himalaya: A Traditional Habitation Input from Bansoli, District-Chamoli, India. International Journal of Earth Sciences Knowledge and Applications, 2(2): 48-63.
  • Khanduri, Sushil, (2019). Natural Hazards in the township of Nainital, Uttarakhand in India. International Journal of Engineering Applied Sciences and Technology, 3(12), 42-49.
  • Khanduri, S. (2018), “Landslide Distribution and Damages during 2013 Deluge: A Case Study of Chamoli District, Uttarakhand”,Journal of Geography and Natural Disasters, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 1 - 10.
  • Khanduri, S., Sajwan, K.S., Rawat, A., Dhyani, C. and Kapoor, S. (2018), “Disaster in Rudraprayag district of Uttarakhand Himalaya: A special emphasis on geomorphic changes and slope instability”, Journal of Geography and Natural Disasters, Vol. 8 No. 1, pp. 1 - 9.
  • Kaushalya, H., Karunasena, G. and Amarathunga, D. (2014), “Role of insurance in post disaster recovery planning in business community”, Conference: Procedia Economics and Finance, Vol. 18, pp. 626 – 634.
  • Linnerooth-Bayer, J., Mechler, R. and Hochrainer, S. (2011), “Insurance against losses from natural disasters in developing countries: Evidence, gaps and the way forward”, Journal of Integrated Disaster Risk Management, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 59-81.
  • Mamgain, R.P. (2007), “Growth, poverty and employment in Uttarakhand”, Institute of Human Development, New Delhi Working Paper Series, pp. 1-15. Available online at http://www.ihdindia.org/Working%20Ppaers/2010-2005/pdf%20files/39-%20RP%20Mamgain.pdf
  • Mehta, M., Shukla, T., Bhambri, R., Gupta, A. and Dobhal, D. (2017), “Terrain changes, caused by the 15–17 June 2013 heavy rainfall in the Garhwal Himalaya, India: A case study of Alaknanda and Mandakini basins”, Geomorphology, Vol. 284, 53 – 71.
  • Rautela, Piyoosh (2013), “Lessons learnt from the deluge of Kedarnath, Uttarakhand, India”, Asian Journal of Environment and Disaster Management, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 167 - 75.
  • Rautela, Piyoosh (2018), Lessons learnt from June 16/17 2013 disaster of Uttarakhand, India”, in Shaw, R., Shiwaku, K. and Izumi, T. (Eds), Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia: Potentials and challenges, Elsevier Academic Press, pp. 273-300.
  • Shekhar, M.S., Pattanayak, S., Mohanty, U.C., Paul, S. and Sravana Kumar, M. (2015), “A study on the heavy rainfall event around Kedarnath area (Uttarakhand) on 16 June 2013”, Journal of Earth System Science (Indian Academy of Sciences); Available online at http://chandigarhmausam.in/uploads/JESS_Online_Published_Oct2015.pdf
  • Tuteja, U. (2015), “Agriculture profile of Uttarakhand”, Agricultural Economics Research Centre, University of Delhi, New Delhi, pp. 32. Available online at http://www.du.ac.in/du/uploads/Academics/centres_institutes/Agricultural_Eco/22.2015%20AGRI.Profile%20UK-Usha%20Tuteja,%202015.pdf
  • Xu, X. and Mo, J. (2013), “The Impact of Disaster Relief on Economic Growth: Evidence from China”, The Geneva Papers, Vol. 38, pp. 495 – 520.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Civil Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Sushil KHANDURİ (Primary Author)
Uttarakhand State Disaster Management Authority, Department of Disaster Management
0000-0002-2787-8337
India


Piyoosh RAUTELA
Uttarakhand State Disaster Management Authority, Department of Disaster Management
0000-0001-7280-4655
India

Publication Date December 29, 2021
Application Date August 12, 2021
Acceptance Date December 20, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 2, Issue 2

Cite

IEEE S. Khanduri and P. Rautela , "Disaster and Livelihood of the Affected Population: Case Study of June 2013 Disaster in Rudraprayag District of Uttarakhand", Academic Platform Journal of Natural Hazards and Disaster Management, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 74-84, Dec. 2021, doi:10.52114/apjhad.981729
Academic Platform Journal of Natural Hazards and Disaster Management (APJHAD)