Year 2020, Volume 22 , Issue 1, Pages 185 - 198 2020-04-15

Prioritization of Criteria and Tree Species in Agroforestry
Agroforestry’de Kriterlerin ve Ağaç Türlerinin Önceliklendirilmesi

Ersin GÜNGÖR [1] , Sevinç AYAZ [2]


Today, forests, which are one of the most important resources capable of naturally renewing themselves, are not considered and operated only as the resources of wood raw materials. The products and the protective services provided by forests are of greater importance in terms of intensive forestry approach that aims to meet the demands of the modern society. The different ecological conditions of our country as well as the wide range of species arising correspondingly increase the potential of agroforestry practices which are to make important contributions, especially in terms of food, chemistry, medicine and energy sectors. Within this scope, poplar, salix, robinia pseudoacacia, cupressus, juglans, chestnut and stone pine are the first species that spring to mind, when it comes to agroforestry practices in Turkey. In this study, it is aimed to identify the most suitable species, i.e. to make species prioritisation, in a potential agroforestry site for the agroforestry plantations to be established in the future by using the chestnut, stone pine and poplar species used in private and state afforestation in Bartin region in terms of the suitability of ecological conditions, with the use of the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) Method, which is one of today's multidimensional and widely used decision making methods. For this purpose, taking the ecological, technical, social and economic criteria in the study area into consideration, a questionnaire study was conducted with 80 participants at different ages and educational levels, and the results were evaluated by AHP method. According to the analysis results, the species prioritization for the agroforestry plantations in Bartin region was found to be as follows: 1st Chestnut, 2nd Stone pine and 3rd Poplar. The ecological and economic criteria are the most important ones effective in this ranking. In terms of sub-criteria, Net Income Maximization received the highest value.

Doğal olarak kendini yenileyebilen en önemli kaynaklardan birisi olan ormanlar günümüzde sadece odun hammaddesi elde edilen kaynaklar olarak değerlendirilmemekte ve işletilmemektedir. Ormanların sağladığı ürünler ve koruyucu hizmetler modern toplumun taleplerini karşılamayı amaç edinen entansif ormancılık anlayışı yönünden daha da büyük bir önem taşımaktadır. Ülkemizin sahip olduğu farklı ekolojik koşullar ve buna bağlı olarak ortaya çıkan geniş tür yelpazesi özellikle gıda, kimya, sağlık ve enerji sektörü açısından önemli katkılar sağlayacak tarımsal ormancılık uygulamalarının potansiyelini arttırmaktadır. Türkiye tarımsal ormancılık uygulamalarında kavak, söğüt, yalancı akasya, servi, ceviz, kestane, fıstıkçamı gibi ağaçlar öne çıkan türlerdir. Bu araştırmada Bartın yöresinde yaygın olarak özel ve devlet ağaçlandırmalarında kullanılan türler ile gelecekte yapılacak olan tarımsal ormancılık çalışmalarının Analitik Hiyerarşi Prosesi (AHP) Metodu ile önceliklendirilmesi ve yöre için en uygun kriterlerin ve türlerin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla araştırma alanında bulunan ekolojik, teknik, sosyal ve ekonomik kriterler dikkate alınarak değişik yaş ve eğitim seviyelerinden konu ile ilgili olan 80 katılımcı ile anket çalışması gerçekleştirilmiş ve elde edilen sonuçlar AHP metodu ile değerlendirilmiştir. Analiz sonuçlarına göre Bartın yöresinde tarımsal ormancılık plantasyonları için tür önceliklendirilmesinde 1. Kestane, 2. Fıstıkçamı ve 3. Kavak yer almıştır. Bu sıralamada etkili olan en önemli kriterler, ekolojik ve ekonomik olanlarıdır. Alt kriterler açısından ise en yüksek değeri, Net Gelir Maksimizasyonu almıştır.   

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Primary Language en
Subjects Forestry
Journal Section Biodiversity, Environmental Management and Policy, Sustainable Forestry
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0012-3456-7899
Author: Ersin GÜNGÖR (Primary Author)
Institution: BARTIN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, BARTIN ORMAN FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-2345-6678
Author: Sevinç AYAZ
Institution: Devlet Su İşleri (DSİ) 233. Şube Müdürlüğü
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution The Scientific Research Projects Committee of Bartin University
Project Number 2016-FEN-CY-013
Thanks To Mr. Bekir KARACABEY, General Manager of Forestry, who gave all kind of support to this study, to Mr. Orhan UZUN, Rector of Bartın University, who encouraged us to make this case study, to Mr. Zekeriya BEYAZLI, Regional Director of Zonguldak Forest, We would like to express our gratitude to all technical personnel and contracted engineers of Bartın Forestry Management Directorate.
Dates

Publication Date : April 15, 2020

APA Güngör, E , Ayaz, S . (2020). Prioritization of Criteria and Tree Species in Agroforestry . Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi , 22 (1) , 185-198 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/barofd/issue/50650/601289