Year 2020, Volume 16 , Issue 3, Pages 263 - 268 2020-09-29

Despite many advantages of using polymer additives in bitumen, there are several challenges bordering on standards and specifications with regards to their utilization. One of these challenges is related with specifying the required heating or mixing and compaction temperatures of the polymer modified bitumen. The standard method (ASTM D 2493) aims to determine mixing and compaction temperatures of the base or unmodified bitumen. Nevertheless, the application of this method in the case of polymer modified bitumen led to very high temperatures which may not be appropriate for PMB. In this paper, some alternative methods named as the high shear rate and steady shear flow method suggested in the literature have been examined and tested for 50/70 and 160/220 penetration grade bitumen samples involving an elastomeric type of additive. A suggested method has also been proposed to overcome the complexities in the implementation of the alternative methods.
Mixing, Compaction, Polymer Modified bitumen, High Shear Rate, Steady Shear Flow
  • 1. Hunter, R. N., Self, A., & Read, J. The shell bitumen handbook. 6th edn, ICE Publishing, 2015.
  • 2. Sengoz, B., & Isikyakar, G. 2008. Evaluation of the properties and microstructure of SBS and EVA polymer modified bitumen. Construction and Building Materials; 22(9): 1897-1905.
  • 3. Şirin Micaelo, R., A. Santos, and C. Duarte.: Mixing and compaction temperatures of asphalt mixtures with modified bitumen, 5th Eurasphalt & Eurobitume Congress, Istanbul, Turkey, 2012, pp. 7.
  • 4. West, R. C., Watson, D. E., Turner, P. A., & Casola, J. R. 2010. Mixing and compaction temperatures of asphalt binders in hot-mix asphalt (No. Project 9-39).
  • 5. Terrel, R.L., and J.A. Epps. 1989.Using Additives and Modifiers in Hot Mix Asphalt,” Quality Improvement Series 114, National Asphalt Pavement Association,
  • 6. Shenoy, A. 2001. Determination of the temperature for mixing aggregates with polymer-modified asphalts. International Journal of Pavement Engineering; 2(1): 33-47.
  • 7. Shuler, T., D. Hanson, and R. McKeen. 1992. Design and Construction of Asphalt Concrete Using Polymer Modified Asphalt Binders, ASTM STP 1108.
  • 8. Clark, R. C. 1958. Practical results of asphalt hardening on pavement life. Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists; 27: 196-208.
  • 9. Bahia, H.U., D.I. Hanson, M. Zeng, H. Zhai, M.A. Khatri, and R.M Anderson. 2001. NCHRP Report 459: Characterization of Modified Asphalt Binders in Superpave Mix Design, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.
  • 10. Stroup-Gardiner, M., Lange, C. R., & Carter, A. 2005. Quantification of emission potential from asphalt binders using mass loss and opacity measurements. International Journal of Pavement Engineering; 6(3): 191-200.
  • 11. Khatri, A., H.U. Bahia, and D. Hanson. 2001. Mixing and Compaction Temperatures for Modified Binders using the Superpave Gyratory Compactor, Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 70.
  • 12. Stuart, K.D. 2002. Methodology for Determining Compaction Temperatures for Modified Asphalt Binders, FHWA-RD-02-016, Federal Highway Administration.
  • 13. Anjan Kumar, S., Sarvanan, U., Murali Krishnan, J., & Veeraragavan, A. 2014. Rheological characterisation of modified binders at mixing and compaction temperature. International Journal of Pavement Engineering; 15(9): 767-785.
  • 14. Grover, R. 2002. “Determining Mixing and Compaction Temperatures of Asphalt Binders Using Zero Shear Viscosity,” RMAUPG Binder Subcommittee Meeting.
  • 15. Lange, C. R., & Stroup-Gardiner, M. 2005. Quantification of potentially odorous volatile organic compounds from asphalt binders using head-space gas chromatography. Journal of Testing and Evaluation; 33(2): 101-109.
  • 16. Sengoz, B., & Isikyakar, G. 2008. Analysis of styrene-butadiene-styrene polymer modified bitumen using fluorescent microscopy and conventional test methods. Journal of Hazardous Materials; 150(2): 424-432.
  • 17. Kaya, D., Topal, A., & McNally, T. 2019. Relationship between processing parameters and aging with the rheological behaviour of SBS modified bitumen. Construction and Building Materials; 221, 345-350.
  • 18. Uncu, D, Topal, A, Seydibeyoglu, M O, & Sengoz, B. Investigation of Phase Separation and Storage Stability Behaviour of SBS Polymer Modified Bitumens Containing Sepiolite Nanoclay, 13th International Congress on Advances in Civil Engineering, Izmir, TURKEY, 2018, pp 1-8.
  • 19. Munera, J. C., & Ossa, E. A. 2014. Polymer modified bitumen: Optimization and selection. Materials & Design (1980-2015), 62, 91-97.
  • 20. ASTM D2493 "Standard Viscosity-Temperature Chart for Asphalts." American Society for Testing and Materials; West Conshohocken, PA, 2010.
  • 21. Yildirim, Y., Solaimanian, M. and Kennedy. 2000. Mixing and compaction temperatures for hot mix asphalt concrete", Center for Transportation Research, Austin, USA, Rep. 1250-5.
  • 22. Yildirim, Y., Ideker, J., & Hazlett, D. 2006. Evaluation of viscosity values for mixing and compaction temperatures. Journal of materials in civil engineering; 18(4): 545-553.
  • 23. Reinke, G. “Determination of Mixing and Compaction Temperature of PG Binders Using a Steady Shear Flow Test,” presentation made to the Superpave Binder Expert Task Group,https://engineering.purdue.edu/~spave/old/Technical%20Info/Meetings/Binder%20ETG%20Sept%2003%20Las%20Vegas,%20NV/Reinke_MIX%20AND%20COMPACTINO%20INFO%20FOR%20ETG%209-15-03.pdf.September 2003
Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Ali ALMUSAWI (Primary Author)
Institution: DOKUZ EYLUL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0684-4880
Author: Burak ŞENGÖZ
Institution: DOKUZ EYLUL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Author: Derya KAYA ÖZDEMİR
Institution: DOKUZ EYLUL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Author: Ali TOPAL
Institution: DOKUZ EYLUL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Department of Scientific Research projects, Dokuz Eylul University
Project Number 2019.KB.FEN.021
Thanks This research was sponsored by the Department of Scientific Research projects, Dokuz Eylul University under the project number 2019.KB.FEN.021 for which the authors are greatly indebted. The authors are also thankful to the Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences of Dokuz Eylul University for its support.
Dates

Acceptance Date : August 31, 2020
Publication Date : September 29, 2020

Bibtex @research article { cbayarfbe706537, journal = {Celal Bayar University Journal of Science}, issn = {1305-130X}, eissn = {1305-1385}, address = {}, publisher = {Celal Bayar University}, year = {2020}, volume = {16}, pages = {263 - 268}, doi = {10.18466/cbayarfbe.706537}, title = {Predicting Mixing and Compaction Temperatures of Polymer Modified Bitumen}, key = {cite}, author = {Almusawı, Ali and Şengöz, Burak and Kaya Özdemi̇r, Derya and Topal, Ali} }
APA Almusawı, A , Şengöz, B , Kaya Özdemi̇r, D , Topal, A . (2020). Predicting Mixing and Compaction Temperatures of Polymer Modified Bitumen . Celal Bayar University Journal of Science , 16 (3) , 263-268 . DOI: 10.18466/cbayarfbe.706537
MLA Almusawı, A , Şengöz, B , Kaya Özdemi̇r, D , Topal, A . "Predicting Mixing and Compaction Temperatures of Polymer Modified Bitumen" . Celal Bayar University Journal of Science 16 (2020 ): 263-268 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/cbayarfbe/issue/56964/706537>
Chicago Almusawı, A , Şengöz, B , Kaya Özdemi̇r, D , Topal, A . "Predicting Mixing and Compaction Temperatures of Polymer Modified Bitumen". Celal Bayar University Journal of Science 16 (2020 ): 263-268
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Predicting Mixing and Compaction Temperatures of Polymer Modified Bitumen AU - Ali Almusawı , Burak Şengöz , Derya Kaya Özdemi̇r , Ali Topal Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.18466/cbayarfbe.706537 DO - 10.18466/cbayarfbe.706537 T2 - Celal Bayar University Journal of Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 263 EP - 268 VL - 16 IS - 3 SN - 1305-130X-1305-1385 M3 - doi: 10.18466/cbayarfbe.706537 UR - https://doi.org/10.18466/cbayarfbe.706537 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi Predicting Mixing and Compaction Temperatures of Polymer Modified Bitumen %A Ali Almusawı , Burak Şengöz , Derya Kaya Özdemi̇r , Ali Topal %T Predicting Mixing and Compaction Temperatures of Polymer Modified Bitumen %D 2020 %J Celal Bayar University Journal of Science %P 1305-130X-1305-1385 %V 16 %N 3 %R doi: 10.18466/cbayarfbe.706537 %U 10.18466/cbayarfbe.706537
ISNAD Almusawı, Ali , Şengöz, Burak , Kaya Özdemi̇r, Derya , Topal, Ali . "Predicting Mixing and Compaction Temperatures of Polymer Modified Bitumen". Celal Bayar University Journal of Science 16 / 3 (September 2020): 263-268 . https://doi.org/10.18466/cbayarfbe.706537
AMA Almusawı A , Şengöz B , Kaya Özdemi̇r D , Topal A . Predicting Mixing and Compaction Temperatures of Polymer Modified Bitumen. Celal Bayar Univ J Sci. 2020; 16(3): 263-268.
Vancouver Almusawı A , Şengöz B , Kaya Özdemi̇r D , Topal A . Predicting Mixing and Compaction Temperatures of Polymer Modified Bitumen. Celal Bayar University Journal of Science. 2020; 16(3): 263-268.