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DEVEGÜLÜ BİTKİSİNİN FARKLI VEJETASYON DÖNEMLERİNDEKİ MİNERAL, AĞIR METAL VE PROTEİN İÇERİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ

Year 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, 1 - 12, 30.06.2019

Abstract

Bu çalışmada halk arasında tıbbi bitki olarak kullanılan devegülü (Alcea kurdica Alef.) bitkisinin farklı vejetasyon dönemlerindeki (haziran: çiçeklenme dönemi; temmuz: meyve dönemi; ağustos: tohum dönemi) mineral ve protein içerikleri kantitatif olarak analiz edilmiştir. Bitki materyali haziran, temmuz ve ağustos aylarında Van yöresinden toplanmış ve makrolement (Na, K, Mg, Ca, N), mikroelement (Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn), ağır metal (Cd, Cr, Co, Se) ve protein içeriğinin analizi yapılmıştır. Devegülü bitkisinde farklı vejetasyon dönemlerinde mineral ve protein içeriklerinin dönemsel olarak değiştiği tespit edilmiştir.  ağustos ayındaki Mg ve K makroelementlerinin miktarlarının haziran ayına göre anlamlı olarak azaldığı belirlenmiştir. Diğer bir makroelement olan N miktarı ise ağustos ayında hem haziran ayına göre hem de temmuz ayına göre anlamlı olarak azalmıştır. Mikroelement analizi sonuçlarına göre farklı vejetasyon dönemlerinde Fe miktarında anlamlı bir değişiklik tespit edilmemiş olmasına rağmen, hem temmuz hem de ağustos ayında ki Cu miktarı haziran ayına göre anlamlı olarak azalmıştır. Yapılan ağır metal analizine göre, farklı vejetasyon dönemlerinde ki ağır metal içeriklerinde anlamlı bir değişim bulunmamıştır. Protein miktarının ise N miktarının düşüşüne bağlı olarak anlamlı olarak azaldığı tespit edilmiştir. 

References

  • Angelova V., Ivanova R., Delibaltova V., Ivanov K. (2004). Bioaccumulation and distribution of heavy metals in fibre crops (flax, cotton and hemp). Ind. Crops. Prod. 19: 197-205.
  • Azaizeh H, Saad B, Khalil K, Said O, 2006. The state of the art of traditional Arab herbal medicine in the Eastern region of the Mediterranean: a review. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 3(2), 229-235.
  • Başgel S, Erdemoğlu SB, 2006. Determination of mineral and trace elements in some medicinal herbs and their infusions consumed in Turkey. Science of the total environment, 359(1-3), 82-89.
  • Ciculei I, Istudor V, Palade M, Albulescu D, Crista E, 1990. Phytochemical and pharmacological research on anthocyanins for obtaining new natural drugs. An.R. Acad. Farm. 56(4): 351-7.
  • Castagnetto JM, Hennessy SW, Roberts VA, Getzoff ED, Tainer JA, Pique ME, 2002. MDB: the metalloprotein database and browser at the Scripps Research Institute. Nucleic Acids Res 30(1): 379–382.
  • Divrikli U, Horzum N, Soylak M, Elci L, 2006. Trace heavy metal contents of some spices and herbal plants from western Anatolia, Turkey. International journal of food science and technology, 41(6), 712-716.
  • Dwivedi SK, Dey S, 2002. Medicinal Herbs: A Potential Source of Toxic Metal Exposure for Man and Animals in India. Arch Environ Health.;57:229–31.
  • Dudek M, Matlawska I, Szkudlarek M, 2006. Phenolic Acids in the Flowers of A. rosea var. nigra. Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica- Drug research, 63(3): 207-211.
  • FAO/WHO, 1984. Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization; Contaminants. In codex Alimentarius, Vol. XVII, Edition 1. Codex Alimentarius Commission, Rome.
  • Fagbohun E, Asare RR, Egbebi AO, 2012. Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activities of Urena lobata L.(Malvaceae). Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 6(12), 2256-2260.
  • Falade OS, Otemuyiwa IO, Oladipo A, Oyedapo OO, Akinpelu BA, Adewusi SRA, 2005. The Chemical Composition and Membrane Stability Activity of Some Herbs Used in Local Therapy For Anemia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 102(1), 15-22.
  • Gisbert C, Clemente R, Navarro-Avino J, Baixauli C, Giner A, Serrano R, Walker DJ, Bernal MP, 2006. Tolerance and accumulation of heavy metals by brassicaceae species grown in contaminated soils from Mediterranean regions of Spain. Environ. Exp. Bot. 56: 19-27.
  • Hänsch R, Mendel RR, 2009. Physiological functions of mineral micronutrients (Cu, Zn, Mn, Fe, Ni, Mo, B, Cl). Current opinion in plant biology, 12(3), 259-266.
  • Hussain I, Khan H, 2010. Investigation of heavy metals content in medicinal plant, Eclipta alba L. J. Chem. Soc. Pak., 32: 28-33.
  • Iauk L, Bue AML, Milazzo I, Rapisarda A, Blandino G, 2003. Antibacterial activity of medicinal plant extracts against periodontopathic bacteria. Phytotherapy Res, 17(6): 599-604.
  • Kabir S, Khanzada A, Baloch M, Khaskheli A, Shaikh W, 2016. Determination Of Total Protein Conents from Medicinal Plants (Zygophyllaceae) Famaily Found in Pakistan. Sindh University Research Journal-SURJ (Science Series), 47(1).
  • Kefeli VI, Kalevitch MV, Borsari B, 2003. Phenolic cycle in plants and environment. J. Cell Mol. Biol, 2(1), 13-18.
  • Korkmaz K, Kara SM, Özkutlu F, Gül V, 2010. Monitoring of heavy metals and selected micronutrients in hempseeds from North-western Turkey. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5(6), 463-467.
  • Kramer U, Clemens S, 2005. Function and Homeostasis Of Zinc, Copper, And Nickel İn Plants. Topics Curr Genet, (14):215- 271.
  • Mati E, de Boer H, 2011. Ethnobotany and trade of medicinal plants in the Qaysari Market, Kurdish Autonomous Region, Iraq. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 133(2), 490-510.
  • Matlawska I, 1992. Flavonoids in the Flowers of A. rosea Var. niger (Malvaceae). Herba Polon, 38(4): 163-72.
  • Neve, J. (1991). Physiological and nutritional importance of selenium. Experimentia, 47, 187–193.
  • Obiajunwa EI, Adebajo AC, Omobuwajo OR, 2002. Essential and Trace Element Contents of Some Nigerian Medicinal Plants. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 252(3), 473-476.
  • Olukayode AM, Bello MO, Ibrahim AO, Ogunwande IA, Olawore NO, 2003. Heavy Trace Metals and Macronutrients Status in Herbal Plants of Nigeria. Food Chemistry. 2003;85:67–71
  • Özcan M, 2004. Mineral contents of some plants used as condiments in Turkey. Food chemistry, 84(3), 437-440.
  • Queralt I, Ovejero M, Carvalho ML, Marques AF, Llabres JM, 2005. Quantitative Determination of Essential and Trace Element Content of Medicinal Plants and Their Infusions by XRF and ICP Techniques. X‐Ray Spectrometry: An International Journal, 34(3), 213-217.
  • Pytlakowska K, Kita A, Janoska P, Połowniak M, Kozik V, 2012. Multi-Element Analysis of Mineral and Trace Elements in Medicinal Herbs and Their Infusions. Food Chemistry, 135(2), 494-501.
  • Rami MM, Oyekanmi AM, Adegoke BM, 2014. Proximate, Phytochemical and Micronutrient Composition of Sida acuta. J. Appl. Chem, 7(2), 93-98.
  • Rao KS, Lakshminarayana G, 1984. Characteristics and Composition of Six Malvaceae Seeds and the Oils. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 61(8), 1345-1346.
  • Rouhi H, Ganji F, 2007. Effect of Althaea officinalis on Cough Associated with ACE Inhibitors. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 6(3), 256-258.
  • Schwob I, Bessiere JM, Masotti V, Viano J, 2004. Saint John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) Hava Parçalarındaki Esansiyel Yağ Bileşimindeki Fenolojik Döngü Sırasında Değişiklikler. Biochem Syst Ecol. 32: 735-745.
  • Shome U, Mehrotra S, Sharma HP, 1992. Comparative Pharmacognosy of Two Althaea spp. and “Gulkhairo” Samples. Pharma Biol., 3(1): 47-55.
  • Stohs SJ, Bagchi D, 1995. Oxidative Mechanisms in The Toxicity of Metal Ions. Free Radic Biol Med 18(2): 321–336
  • Taiz L, Zeiger E, 2008. Bitki Fizyolojisi. Palme Yayıncılık, Ankara. 285-297
  • Taylor GT, Sullivan CW, 2008. Vitamin B12 and Cobalt Cycling among Diatoms and Bacteria in Antarctic Sea Ice Microbial Communities. Limnology and Oceanography, 53(5), 1862-1877.
  • Uzunhisarcikli ME, Vural M, 2012. The Taxonomic Revision of Alcea and Althaea (Malvaceae) in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany, 36(6).
  • WHO, Geneva Switzerland, 1998. Quality Control Methods for Medicinal Plant Materials. available at http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/1998/9241545100.pdf
  • WHO, 1999. Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants, World Health Organization, vol.1 WHO, Geneva.
  • Yang M, Cobine PA, Molik S, Naranuntarat A, Lill R, Winge DR, Culotta VC, 2006. The Effects of Mitochondrial Iron Homeostasis on Cofactor Specificity of Superoxide Dismutase 2. EMBO J, 25:1775-1783.
  • Zouari N, Fakhfakh N, Zouari S, Sellami M, Abid M, Ayadi MA, Neffati M, 2011. Volatile and Lipid Analyses by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry and Nutraceutical Potential of Edible Wild Malva aegyptiaca L.(Malvaceae). International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 62(6),600

DEVEGÜLÜ BİTKİSİNİN FARKLI VEJETASYON DÖNEMLERİNDEKİ MİNERAL, AĞIR METAL VE PROTEİN İÇERİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ

Year 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, 1 - 12, 30.06.2019

Abstract

Bu çalışmada halk arasında tıbbi bitki olarak kullanılan devegülü (Alcea kurdica Alef.) bitkisinin farklı vejetasyon dönemlerindeki (haziran: çiçeklenme dönemi; temmuz: meyve dönemi; ağustos: tohum dönemi) mineral ve protein içerikleri kantitatif olarak analiz edilmiştir. Bitki materyali haziran, temmuz ve ağustos aylarında Van yöresinden toplanmış ve makrolement (Na, K, Mg, Ca, N), mikroelement (Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn), ağır metal (Cd, Cr, Co, Se) ve protein içeriğinin analizi yapılmıştır. Devegülü bitkisinde farklı vejetasyon dönemlerinde mineral ve protein içeriklerinin dönemsel olarak değiştiği tespit edilmiştir.  ağustos ayındaki Mg ve K makroelementlerinin miktarlarının haziran ayına göre anlamlı olarak azaldığı belirlenmiştir. Diğer bir makroelement olan N miktarı ise ağustos ayında hem haziran ayına göre hem de temmuz ayına göre anlamlı olarak azalmıştır. Mikroelement analizi sonuçlarına göre farklı vejetasyon dönemlerinde Fe miktarında anlamlı bir değişiklik tespit edilmemiş olmasına rağmen, hem temmuz hem de ağustos ayında ki Cu miktarı haziran ayına göre anlamlı olarak azalmıştır. Yapılan ağır metal analizine göre, farklı vejetasyon dönemlerinde ki ağır metal içeriklerinde anlamlı bir değişim bulunmamıştır. Protein miktarının ise N miktarının düşüşüne bağlı olarak anlamlı olarak azaldığı tespit edilmiştir. 

References

  • Angelova V., Ivanova R., Delibaltova V., Ivanov K. (2004). Bioaccumulation and distribution of heavy metals in fibre crops (flax, cotton and hemp). Ind. Crops. Prod. 19: 197-205.
  • Azaizeh H, Saad B, Khalil K, Said O, 2006. The state of the art of traditional Arab herbal medicine in the Eastern region of the Mediterranean: a review. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 3(2), 229-235.
  • Başgel S, Erdemoğlu SB, 2006. Determination of mineral and trace elements in some medicinal herbs and their infusions consumed in Turkey. Science of the total environment, 359(1-3), 82-89.
  • Ciculei I, Istudor V, Palade M, Albulescu D, Crista E, 1990. Phytochemical and pharmacological research on anthocyanins for obtaining new natural drugs. An.R. Acad. Farm. 56(4): 351-7.
  • Castagnetto JM, Hennessy SW, Roberts VA, Getzoff ED, Tainer JA, Pique ME, 2002. MDB: the metalloprotein database and browser at the Scripps Research Institute. Nucleic Acids Res 30(1): 379–382.
  • Divrikli U, Horzum N, Soylak M, Elci L, 2006. Trace heavy metal contents of some spices and herbal plants from western Anatolia, Turkey. International journal of food science and technology, 41(6), 712-716.
  • Dwivedi SK, Dey S, 2002. Medicinal Herbs: A Potential Source of Toxic Metal Exposure for Man and Animals in India. Arch Environ Health.;57:229–31.
  • Dudek M, Matlawska I, Szkudlarek M, 2006. Phenolic Acids in the Flowers of A. rosea var. nigra. Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica- Drug research, 63(3): 207-211.
  • FAO/WHO, 1984. Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization; Contaminants. In codex Alimentarius, Vol. XVII, Edition 1. Codex Alimentarius Commission, Rome.
  • Fagbohun E, Asare RR, Egbebi AO, 2012. Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activities of Urena lobata L.(Malvaceae). Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 6(12), 2256-2260.
  • Falade OS, Otemuyiwa IO, Oladipo A, Oyedapo OO, Akinpelu BA, Adewusi SRA, 2005. The Chemical Composition and Membrane Stability Activity of Some Herbs Used in Local Therapy For Anemia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 102(1), 15-22.
  • Gisbert C, Clemente R, Navarro-Avino J, Baixauli C, Giner A, Serrano R, Walker DJ, Bernal MP, 2006. Tolerance and accumulation of heavy metals by brassicaceae species grown in contaminated soils from Mediterranean regions of Spain. Environ. Exp. Bot. 56: 19-27.
  • Hänsch R, Mendel RR, 2009. Physiological functions of mineral micronutrients (Cu, Zn, Mn, Fe, Ni, Mo, B, Cl). Current opinion in plant biology, 12(3), 259-266.
  • Hussain I, Khan H, 2010. Investigation of heavy metals content in medicinal plant, Eclipta alba L. J. Chem. Soc. Pak., 32: 28-33.
  • Iauk L, Bue AML, Milazzo I, Rapisarda A, Blandino G, 2003. Antibacterial activity of medicinal plant extracts against periodontopathic bacteria. Phytotherapy Res, 17(6): 599-604.
  • Kabir S, Khanzada A, Baloch M, Khaskheli A, Shaikh W, 2016. Determination Of Total Protein Conents from Medicinal Plants (Zygophyllaceae) Famaily Found in Pakistan. Sindh University Research Journal-SURJ (Science Series), 47(1).
  • Kefeli VI, Kalevitch MV, Borsari B, 2003. Phenolic cycle in plants and environment. J. Cell Mol. Biol, 2(1), 13-18.
  • Korkmaz K, Kara SM, Özkutlu F, Gül V, 2010. Monitoring of heavy metals and selected micronutrients in hempseeds from North-western Turkey. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5(6), 463-467.
  • Kramer U, Clemens S, 2005. Function and Homeostasis Of Zinc, Copper, And Nickel İn Plants. Topics Curr Genet, (14):215- 271.
  • Mati E, de Boer H, 2011. Ethnobotany and trade of medicinal plants in the Qaysari Market, Kurdish Autonomous Region, Iraq. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 133(2), 490-510.
  • Matlawska I, 1992. Flavonoids in the Flowers of A. rosea Var. niger (Malvaceae). Herba Polon, 38(4): 163-72.
  • Neve, J. (1991). Physiological and nutritional importance of selenium. Experimentia, 47, 187–193.
  • Obiajunwa EI, Adebajo AC, Omobuwajo OR, 2002. Essential and Trace Element Contents of Some Nigerian Medicinal Plants. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 252(3), 473-476.
  • Olukayode AM, Bello MO, Ibrahim AO, Ogunwande IA, Olawore NO, 2003. Heavy Trace Metals and Macronutrients Status in Herbal Plants of Nigeria. Food Chemistry. 2003;85:67–71
  • Özcan M, 2004. Mineral contents of some plants used as condiments in Turkey. Food chemistry, 84(3), 437-440.
  • Queralt I, Ovejero M, Carvalho ML, Marques AF, Llabres JM, 2005. Quantitative Determination of Essential and Trace Element Content of Medicinal Plants and Their Infusions by XRF and ICP Techniques. X‐Ray Spectrometry: An International Journal, 34(3), 213-217.
  • Pytlakowska K, Kita A, Janoska P, Połowniak M, Kozik V, 2012. Multi-Element Analysis of Mineral and Trace Elements in Medicinal Herbs and Their Infusions. Food Chemistry, 135(2), 494-501.
  • Rami MM, Oyekanmi AM, Adegoke BM, 2014. Proximate, Phytochemical and Micronutrient Composition of Sida acuta. J. Appl. Chem, 7(2), 93-98.
  • Rao KS, Lakshminarayana G, 1984. Characteristics and Composition of Six Malvaceae Seeds and the Oils. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 61(8), 1345-1346.
  • Rouhi H, Ganji F, 2007. Effect of Althaea officinalis on Cough Associated with ACE Inhibitors. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 6(3), 256-258.
  • Schwob I, Bessiere JM, Masotti V, Viano J, 2004. Saint John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) Hava Parçalarındaki Esansiyel Yağ Bileşimindeki Fenolojik Döngü Sırasında Değişiklikler. Biochem Syst Ecol. 32: 735-745.
  • Shome U, Mehrotra S, Sharma HP, 1992. Comparative Pharmacognosy of Two Althaea spp. and “Gulkhairo” Samples. Pharma Biol., 3(1): 47-55.
  • Stohs SJ, Bagchi D, 1995. Oxidative Mechanisms in The Toxicity of Metal Ions. Free Radic Biol Med 18(2): 321–336
  • Taiz L, Zeiger E, 2008. Bitki Fizyolojisi. Palme Yayıncılık, Ankara. 285-297
  • Taylor GT, Sullivan CW, 2008. Vitamin B12 and Cobalt Cycling among Diatoms and Bacteria in Antarctic Sea Ice Microbial Communities. Limnology and Oceanography, 53(5), 1862-1877.
  • Uzunhisarcikli ME, Vural M, 2012. The Taxonomic Revision of Alcea and Althaea (Malvaceae) in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany, 36(6).
  • WHO, Geneva Switzerland, 1998. Quality Control Methods for Medicinal Plant Materials. available at http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/1998/9241545100.pdf
  • WHO, 1999. Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants, World Health Organization, vol.1 WHO, Geneva.
  • Yang M, Cobine PA, Molik S, Naranuntarat A, Lill R, Winge DR, Culotta VC, 2006. The Effects of Mitochondrial Iron Homeostasis on Cofactor Specificity of Superoxide Dismutase 2. EMBO J, 25:1775-1783.
  • Zouari N, Fakhfakh N, Zouari S, Sellami M, Abid M, Ayadi MA, Neffati M, 2011. Volatile and Lipid Analyses by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry and Nutraceutical Potential of Edible Wild Malva aegyptiaca L.(Malvaceae). International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 62(6),600

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Gül GÖRMEZ
VAN YÜZÜNCÜ YIL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, REKTÖRLÜK
0000-0001-6980-4988
Türkiye


Abdulhamit BATTAL
ECZACILIK FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-6098-3908
Türkiye


Abdullah DALAR
ECZACILIK FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-0080-2519
Türkiye


Musa TÜRKER (Primary Author)
YILDIZ TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-3195-1119
Türkiye

Publication Date June 30, 2019
Application Date April 10, 2019
Acceptance Date May 23, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { cjo551785, journal = {Caucasian Journal of Science}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-6840}, address = {info@cjoscience.com}, publisher = {Kafkas University}, year = {2019}, volume = {6}, pages = {1 - 12}, doi = {}, title = {DEVEGÜLÜ BİTKİSİNİN FARKLI VEJETASYON DÖNEMLERİNDEKİ MİNERAL, AĞIR METAL VE PROTEİN İÇERİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ}, key = {cite}, author = {Görmez, Gül and Battal, Abdulhamit and Dalar, Abdullah and Türker, Musa} }
APA Görmez, G. , Battal, A. , Dalar, A. & Türker, M. (2019). DEVEGÜLÜ BİTKİSİNİN FARKLI VEJETASYON DÖNEMLERİNDEKİ MİNERAL, AĞIR METAL VE PROTEİN İÇERİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ . Caucasian Journal of Science , 6 (1) , 1-12 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/cjo/issue/46638/551785
MLA Görmez, G. , Battal, A. , Dalar, A. , Türker, M. "DEVEGÜLÜ BİTKİSİNİN FARKLI VEJETASYON DÖNEMLERİNDEKİ MİNERAL, AĞIR METAL VE PROTEİN İÇERİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ" . Caucasian Journal of Science 6 (2019 ): 1-12 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/cjo/issue/46638/551785>
Chicago Görmez, G. , Battal, A. , Dalar, A. , Türker, M. "DEVEGÜLÜ BİTKİSİNİN FARKLI VEJETASYON DÖNEMLERİNDEKİ MİNERAL, AĞIR METAL VE PROTEİN İÇERİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ". Caucasian Journal of Science 6 (2019 ): 1-12
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - DEVEGÜLÜ BİTKİSİNİN FARKLI VEJETASYON DÖNEMLERİNDEKİ MİNERAL, AĞIR METAL VE PROTEİN İÇERİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ AU - Gül Görmez , Abdulhamit Battal , Abdullah Dalar , Musa Türker Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Caucasian Journal of Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 12 VL - 6 IS - 1 SN - -2148-6840 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Caucasian Journal of Science DEVEGÜLÜ BİTKİSİNİN FARKLI VEJETASYON DÖNEMLERİNDEKİ MİNERAL, AĞIR METAL VE PROTEİN İÇERİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ %A Gül Görmez , Abdulhamit Battal , Abdullah Dalar , Musa Türker %T DEVEGÜLÜ BİTKİSİNİN FARKLI VEJETASYON DÖNEMLERİNDEKİ MİNERAL, AĞIR METAL VE PROTEİN İÇERİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ %D 2019 %J Caucasian Journal of Science %P -2148-6840 %V 6 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Görmez, Gül , Battal, Abdulhamit , Dalar, Abdullah , Türker, Musa . "DEVEGÜLÜ BİTKİSİNİN FARKLI VEJETASYON DÖNEMLERİNDEKİ MİNERAL, AĞIR METAL VE PROTEİN İÇERİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ". Caucasian Journal of Science 6 / 1 (June 2019): 1-12 .
AMA Görmez G. , Battal A. , Dalar A. , Türker M. DEVEGÜLÜ BİTKİSİNİN FARKLI VEJETASYON DÖNEMLERİNDEKİ MİNERAL, AĞIR METAL VE PROTEİN İÇERİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ. Caucasian J. Sci.. 2019; 6(1): 1-12.
Vancouver Görmez G. , Battal A. , Dalar A. , Türker M. DEVEGÜLÜ BİTKİSİNİN FARKLI VEJETASYON DÖNEMLERİNDEKİ MİNERAL, AĞIR METAL VE PROTEİN İÇERİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ. Caucasian Journal of Science. 2019; 6(1): 1-12.
IEEE G. Görmez , A. Battal , A. Dalar and M. Türker , "DEVEGÜLÜ BİTKİSİNİN FARKLI VEJETASYON DÖNEMLERİNDEKİ MİNERAL, AĞIR METAL VE PROTEİN İÇERİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ", Caucasian Journal of Science, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1-12, Jun. 2019

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