Research Article
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THE INTERFACE OF LEXICOGRAPHY AND SOCIOLINGUISTICS

Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 3, 45 - 59, 22.12.2021

Abstract

Contrary to common belief, a dictionary is not a onedimensional reference source with only linguistic features. Considering the relationship between language and society, it is possible to go beyond defining dictionaries as linguistic resources consisting of word lists and to define them as social resources. It can be said that the interface of lexicographysociety linguistics includes more than one intersection point within the framework of language and society relationship that can take place in various forms. In this study, firstly, the representation of social classes in dictionaries in the context of the lexicography-social stratification relationship, which can be characterized by the academic tradition, is given, then it is mentioned how dictionaries, which play an important role in the construction of national identity, can be interpreted in the context of language policies. The relationship between lexicography and globalization was discussed in the context of global language conception, and the relationship between lexicography and culture was questioned in the focus of language anisomorphism. The four dimensions of the lexicography-sociolinguistics interface, which is handled with an interdisciplinary perspective, showed that the relationship between dictionary and society emerged in different forms. Although it is not possible to reach a complete and perfect dictionary, the increase in sociolinguistic-oriented lexicography research in the literature has a great importance in terms of the representation of society and language in dictionaries.

References

  • Atkins, B. T. Sue ve Rundell, Michael (2008) The Oxford Guide to Practical Lexicography, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Bagasheva, Alexandra (2012) “Culture-Specific Lexical Items, Concepts and Word-Level Communicative Strategies In English Bulgarian/Bulgarian-English Lexicography”, English Dictionaries as Cultural Mines, Ed. Roberta Facchinetti, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, s. 115-145.
  • Bauman, Zygmunt (2020) Küreselleşme: Toplumsal Sonuçları, İstanbul: Ayrıntı Yayınları.
  • Benson, Morton (1990) “Culture-Specific Items in Bilingual Dictionaries of English”, Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North America, 12, s. 43-54.
  • Bergenholtz, Henning ve Tarp, Sven (1995) Manual of Specialised Lexicography: The Preparation of Specialised Dictionaries, Amsterdam&Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
  • Considine, John (2014) Academy Dictionaries: 1600-1800, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Dollinger, Stefan (2016). “National Dictionaries and Cultural Identity: Insights from Austrian, German, and Canadian English”, The Oxford Handbook of Lexicography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 590-604.
  • Eriksen, Thomas Hylland (2007) Globalization: The Key Concepts, Oxford&New York: Berg. Fuertes-Olivera, Pedro A. ve Nielsen, Sandro (2014) “The dynamics of accounting terms in a globalized environment: The role of English as Lingua Franca”, Dynamics And Terminology: An Interdisciplinary Perspective on Monolingual and Multilingual Culture-Bound Communication, Ed. Rita Temmerman, Marc Van Campenhoudt, Amsterdam&Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing, s. 215-234.
  • Furiassi, Cristiano (2012) “Brand Culture Mirrored in Dictionaries: Generic Trademarks in English and Italian”, English Dictionaries as Cultural Mines, Ed. Roberta Facchinetti, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, s. 95-113.
  • Grenon-Nyenhuis, Chantale (2000) “The Dictionary as a Cultural Institution”, Intercultural Communication Studies, 5(1), s. 159-166.
  • Heller, Monica ve McElhinny, Bonnie S. (2017) Language, Colonialism, Capitalism: Toward a Critical History, USA: University of Toronto Press.
  • İlbaş, Songül (2019) “Dilsel Boşluk Kavramı: Tanım, Sınıflandırma ve Örnekler”, Dede Korkut Uluslararası Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Araştırmaları Dergisi, 8(20), s. 26-46.
  • Kermas, Susan (2012) “Culture-specific Lexis and Knowledge Sharing in the Global Village”, English Dictionaries as Cultural Mines, Ed. Roberta Facchinetti, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, s. 73-93.
  • Kristiansen, Marita (2014) “Concept change, term dynamics and culture-boundness”, Dynamics And Terminology: An Interdisciplinary Perspective on Monolingual and Multilingual CultureBound Communication, Ed. Rita Temmerman, Marc Van Campenhoudt, Amsterdam&Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing, s. 235-258.
  • Kulamshaeva, Baktygul (2017) “İki Dilli Sözlüklerde Kültürel Öğeler Sorunu -Kültürel Öğeler ve Terimleştirme Üzerine-”, III. Uluslararası Sözlükbilimi Sempozyumu Bildiri Kitabı 3-4 Kasım 2016, Eskişehir: Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Basımevi, s. 79-92.
  • Łozowski, Przemysław (2018) “Dictionaries and Culture”, The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography, Ed. Pedro A. Fuertes-Olivera, New York: Routledge, s. 166-178.
  • McLuhan, Marshall (2001) Global Köy, İstanbul: Scala Yayıncılık.
  • Nkomo, Dion (2018) “Dictionaries nd language policy”, The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography, Ed. Pedro A. Fuertes-Olivera, New York: Routledge, s. 152-165.
  • Rasmussen, Saihong Li (2010) To Define and Inform: An Analysis of Information Provided in Dictionaries Used by Learners of English in China and Denmark, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • Ritzer, George (2020) Küresel Dünya, İstanbul: Ayrıntı Yayınları.
  • Roberts, Roda P. (2007) “Dictionaries and culture”, Dictionary Visions, Research and Practice Selected papers from the 12th International Symposium on Lexicography Copenhagen 2004, Ed. Henrik Gottlieb, Jens Erik Mogensen, Amsterdam&Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, s. 277-298.
  • Šarcevic, Susan (1989) “Lexicography and Translation Across Cultures”, Translation and Lexicography: Papers Read at the EURALEX Colloquium Held at Innsbruck 2-5 July 1987, Ed. Mary Snell-Hornby, Esther Pöhl, Benjamin Bennani, Amsterdam&Philadelphia: John Benjamin Publishing Company, s. 211-224.
  • Steger, Manfred B. (2020) Globalization: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Švejcer, Aleksandr D. (1986) Contemporary Sociolinguistics Theory, Problems, Methods, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing.
  • Szerszunowicz, Joanna (2011) “The cultural component in bilingual dictionaries of phraseological units”, LEXICOGRAPHY: Theoretical and Practical Perspectives, Papers submitted to the Seventh ASIALEX Biennial International Conference Kyoto August 22-24, Ed. K. Akasu, S. Uchida, Tokyo: Asian Association for Lexicography, s. 628-637.
  • Turner, Bryan S. ve Khondker, Habibul Haque (2019) Küreselleşme: Doğu ve Batı, Ankara: Koyu Siyah Yayınları.
  • Williams, Geoffrey Clive (2012) “Art for Dictionaries’ Sake: Comparing Cultural Outlooks through Dictionaries and Corpora”, English Dictionaries as Cultural Mines, Ed. Roberta Facchinetti, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, s. 171-199.
  • Yong, Heming ve Peng, Jing (2007) Bilingual Lexicography from a Communicative Perspective (Terminology and Lexicography Research and Practice), Amsterdam&Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company

SÖZLÜKBİLİM-TOPLUM DİLBİLİM ARAKESİTİ

Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 3, 45 - 59, 22.12.2021

Abstract

Yaygın kanının aksine bir sözlük, yalnızca dilbilimsel özellik gösteren tek boyutlu başvuru kaynağı değildir. Dil ve toplum ilişkisi göz önüne alındığında, sözlükleri sözcük listelerinden ibaret dilsel kaynaklar olarak tanımlamanın ötesine gidilerek onları birer toplumsal kaynak olarak da tanımlamak mümkündür. Çeşitli biçimlerde gerçekleşebilen dil ve toplum ilişkisi çerçevesinde sözlükbilim-toplum dilbilim arakesitinin birden fazla kesişim noktasını içerdiği söylenebilir. Bu çalışmada öncelikli olarak akademi geleneği ile karakterize edilebilecek sözlükbilim-toplumsal tabakalaşma ilişkisi bağlamında toplumsal sınıfların sözlüklerdeki temsiline yer verilmiş, ardından ulusal kimlik inşasında önemli rol oynayan sözlüklerin dil politikaları eşliğinde ne şekilde yorumlanabileceğine değinilmiştir. Sözlükbilim ve küreselleşme ilişkisi ise küresel dil tasavvuru bağlamında ele alınmış, dil anizomorfizmi odağında ise sözlükbilim ve kültür ilişkisi sorgulanmıştır. Disiplinler arası bakış açısı ile sorgulanan sözlükbilim-toplum dilbilim arakesitinin söz konusu dört boyutu, sözlük ve toplum ilişkisinin farklı biçimlerde tezahür ettiğini göstermiştir. Her ne kadar tamamlanmış ve kusursuz bir sözlüğe ulaşmak mümkün olmasa da literatürde toplum dilbilimi odaklı sözlükbilim araştırmalarının artması, toplumun ve dilin sözlüklerdeki temsili noktasında oldukça büyük öneme sahiptir.

References

  • Atkins, B. T. Sue ve Rundell, Michael (2008) The Oxford Guide to Practical Lexicography, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Bagasheva, Alexandra (2012) “Culture-Specific Lexical Items, Concepts and Word-Level Communicative Strategies In English Bulgarian/Bulgarian-English Lexicography”, English Dictionaries as Cultural Mines, Ed. Roberta Facchinetti, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, s. 115-145.
  • Bauman, Zygmunt (2020) Küreselleşme: Toplumsal Sonuçları, İstanbul: Ayrıntı Yayınları.
  • Benson, Morton (1990) “Culture-Specific Items in Bilingual Dictionaries of English”, Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North America, 12, s. 43-54.
  • Bergenholtz, Henning ve Tarp, Sven (1995) Manual of Specialised Lexicography: The Preparation of Specialised Dictionaries, Amsterdam&Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
  • Considine, John (2014) Academy Dictionaries: 1600-1800, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Dollinger, Stefan (2016). “National Dictionaries and Cultural Identity: Insights from Austrian, German, and Canadian English”, The Oxford Handbook of Lexicography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 590-604.
  • Eriksen, Thomas Hylland (2007) Globalization: The Key Concepts, Oxford&New York: Berg. Fuertes-Olivera, Pedro A. ve Nielsen, Sandro (2014) “The dynamics of accounting terms in a globalized environment: The role of English as Lingua Franca”, Dynamics And Terminology: An Interdisciplinary Perspective on Monolingual and Multilingual Culture-Bound Communication, Ed. Rita Temmerman, Marc Van Campenhoudt, Amsterdam&Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing, s. 215-234.
  • Furiassi, Cristiano (2012) “Brand Culture Mirrored in Dictionaries: Generic Trademarks in English and Italian”, English Dictionaries as Cultural Mines, Ed. Roberta Facchinetti, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, s. 95-113.
  • Grenon-Nyenhuis, Chantale (2000) “The Dictionary as a Cultural Institution”, Intercultural Communication Studies, 5(1), s. 159-166.
  • Heller, Monica ve McElhinny, Bonnie S. (2017) Language, Colonialism, Capitalism: Toward a Critical History, USA: University of Toronto Press.
  • İlbaş, Songül (2019) “Dilsel Boşluk Kavramı: Tanım, Sınıflandırma ve Örnekler”, Dede Korkut Uluslararası Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Araştırmaları Dergisi, 8(20), s. 26-46.
  • Kermas, Susan (2012) “Culture-specific Lexis and Knowledge Sharing in the Global Village”, English Dictionaries as Cultural Mines, Ed. Roberta Facchinetti, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, s. 73-93.
  • Kristiansen, Marita (2014) “Concept change, term dynamics and culture-boundness”, Dynamics And Terminology: An Interdisciplinary Perspective on Monolingual and Multilingual CultureBound Communication, Ed. Rita Temmerman, Marc Van Campenhoudt, Amsterdam&Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing, s. 235-258.
  • Kulamshaeva, Baktygul (2017) “İki Dilli Sözlüklerde Kültürel Öğeler Sorunu -Kültürel Öğeler ve Terimleştirme Üzerine-”, III. Uluslararası Sözlükbilimi Sempozyumu Bildiri Kitabı 3-4 Kasım 2016, Eskişehir: Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Basımevi, s. 79-92.
  • Łozowski, Przemysław (2018) “Dictionaries and Culture”, The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography, Ed. Pedro A. Fuertes-Olivera, New York: Routledge, s. 166-178.
  • McLuhan, Marshall (2001) Global Köy, İstanbul: Scala Yayıncılık.
  • Nkomo, Dion (2018) “Dictionaries nd language policy”, The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography, Ed. Pedro A. Fuertes-Olivera, New York: Routledge, s. 152-165.
  • Rasmussen, Saihong Li (2010) To Define and Inform: An Analysis of Information Provided in Dictionaries Used by Learners of English in China and Denmark, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • Ritzer, George (2020) Küresel Dünya, İstanbul: Ayrıntı Yayınları.
  • Roberts, Roda P. (2007) “Dictionaries and culture”, Dictionary Visions, Research and Practice Selected papers from the 12th International Symposium on Lexicography Copenhagen 2004, Ed. Henrik Gottlieb, Jens Erik Mogensen, Amsterdam&Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, s. 277-298.
  • Šarcevic, Susan (1989) “Lexicography and Translation Across Cultures”, Translation and Lexicography: Papers Read at the EURALEX Colloquium Held at Innsbruck 2-5 July 1987, Ed. Mary Snell-Hornby, Esther Pöhl, Benjamin Bennani, Amsterdam&Philadelphia: John Benjamin Publishing Company, s. 211-224.
  • Steger, Manfred B. (2020) Globalization: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Švejcer, Aleksandr D. (1986) Contemporary Sociolinguistics Theory, Problems, Methods, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing.
  • Szerszunowicz, Joanna (2011) “The cultural component in bilingual dictionaries of phraseological units”, LEXICOGRAPHY: Theoretical and Practical Perspectives, Papers submitted to the Seventh ASIALEX Biennial International Conference Kyoto August 22-24, Ed. K. Akasu, S. Uchida, Tokyo: Asian Association for Lexicography, s. 628-637.
  • Turner, Bryan S. ve Khondker, Habibul Haque (2019) Küreselleşme: Doğu ve Batı, Ankara: Koyu Siyah Yayınları.
  • Williams, Geoffrey Clive (2012) “Art for Dictionaries’ Sake: Comparing Cultural Outlooks through Dictionaries and Corpora”, English Dictionaries as Cultural Mines, Ed. Roberta Facchinetti, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, s. 171-199.
  • Yong, Heming ve Peng, Jing (2007) Bilingual Lexicography from a Communicative Perspective (Terminology and Lexicography Research and Practice), Amsterdam&Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Language and Linguistics
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Duygu KAMACI GENCER>
ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-7200-2767
Türkiye

Early Pub Date April 2, 2022
Publication Date December 22, 2021
Submission Date July 30, 2021
Acceptance Date August 23, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 3

Cite

APA Kamacı Gencer, D. (2021). SÖZLÜKBİLİM-TOPLUM DİLBİLİM ARAKESİTİ . Disiplinler Arası Dil Araştırmaları , 3 (3) , 45-59 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/dada/issue/69269/1097457