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Beliren Yetişkinlerde Yalnızlık ile Yaşam Yönelimi Arasındaki Doğrudan ve Dolaylı İlişkiler: Sürekli Kaygının Aracılık Rolü

Year 2020, Volume: 10 Issue: 2, 62 - 82, 24.10.2020

Abstract

Bu araştırmanın amacı, beliren yetişkinlerde sürekli kaygının yaşam yönelimi ile yalnızlık arasındaki ilişkide aracılık rolü üstlenip üstlenmediğini ortaya koymaktır. Bu amaçla 385 üniversite öğrencisinden (133 erkek ve 252 kadın, yaş ort: 20.56, ss. 2.11) veri toplanmıştır. Veri toplama araçları olarak Yaşam Yönelimi Ölçeği, UCLA Yalnızlık Ölçeği ve Sürekli Kaygı Ölçeği kullanılmıştır. Araştırmadan elde edilen bulgulara göre, beliren yetişkinlerde yalnızlık ile yaşam yönelimi arasında negatif yönde anlamlı ilişki bulunmaktadır. Benzer bir biçimde, yaşam yönelimi ile sürekli kaygı arasında negatif yönde anlamlı bir ilişki vardır. Buna karşın, yalnızlık ile sürekli kaygı arasında pozitif yönde anlamlı ilişki elde edilmiştir. Beliren yetişkinlerde sürekli kaygı puanlarının, yalnızlık ile yaşam yönelimi arasındaki ilişkide aracılık rolü üstlenip üstlenmediğine ilişkin bulgulara göre, yalnızlığın yaşam yönelimi üzerindeki doğrudan etkisinin anlamsız olduğu görülmektedir. Diğer taraftan, yalnızlığın yaşam yönelimi üzerindeki dolaylı etkisinin anlamlı olduğu görülmüştür. Bu bulguya dayanarak, sürekli kaygının yalnızlık ile yaşam yönelimi arasındaki ilişkide tam aracılık rolü üstlendiği söylenebilir. Elde edilen bulgular alanyazını ışığında tartışılmış ve yorumlanmıştır.

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Direct and Indirect Relationship Between Lonelies and Life Orientation in Emergence Adulthood: The Mediator Role of State Anxiety

Year 2020, Volume: 10 Issue: 2, 62 - 82, 24.10.2020

Abstract

References

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  • Barnett, M. D., & Adams, C. M. (2018). Ageism and aging anxiety among young adults: relationships with contact, knowledge, fear of death, and optimism. Educational Gerontology, 44(11), 1-8.
  • Beesdo, K., Knappe, S., & Pine, D. S.(2009). Anxiety and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents: Developmental issues and implications for DSM-V. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 32, 483–524.
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  • Betts, L. R., & Bicknell, A. S. (2011). Experiencing loneliness in childhood: Consequences for psychosocial adjustment, school adjustment, and academic performance. In J. B. Bevinn (Ed), New York Psychology of loliness (pp. 1-19), Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
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  • Brissette, I., Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (2002). The role of optimism in social network development, coping, and psychological adjustment during a life transition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 102–111.
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  • Carver, C. S., & Gaines, J. G. (1987). Optimism, pessimism, and postpartum depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 11(4), 449-462.
  • Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. R. (1981). Attention and self-regulation: a control-theory approach to human behavior. New York: Springer-Verlag.
  • Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Segerstrom, S. C. (2010). Optimism. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 879–889.
  • Cattell, R. B., & Scheier, I. H. (1961). The meaning and measurement of neuroticism and anxiety. New York: Ronald Press
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  • Chang, E. C. (2002). Optimism–pessimism and stress appraisal: Testing a cognitive interactive model of psychological adjustment in adults. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 26(5), 675-690
  • Chang, E. C. (2018). Relationship between loneliness and symptoms of anxiety and depression in African American men and women: Evidence for gender as a moderator. Personality and Individual Differences, 120, 138-143.
  • Chang, E. C., Maydeu-Olivares, A., & D’Zurilla, T. J. (1997). Optimism and pessimism as partially independent constructs: Relations to positive and negative affectivity and psychological well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 23, 433–440
  • Chang, E. C., Sanna, L. J., & Yang, K. M. (2003). Optimism, pessimism, affectivity, and psychological adjustment in US and Korea: a test of a mediation model. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 1195–1208.
  • Cole, D. A., Peeke, L. G., Martin, J. M., Truglio, R., & Seroczynski, A. D. (1998). A longitudinal look at the relation between depression and anxiety in children and adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66(3), 451.
  • Çolak, T. S., Eren, G. ve Doğan, U. (2017). İlkokul öğrencilerinin sürekli kaygı, yetkinlik ve üzüntü yönetimine ilişkin araştırma. İlköğretim Online, 16(1), 151-160.
  • Demir, A. (1989). UCLA yalnızlık ölçeğinin geçerlik ve güvenirliği. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 7(23), 14–18.
  • DiTommaso, E., & Spinner, B. (1997). Social and emotional loneliness: A re-examination of Weiss' typology of loneliness. Personality and Individual Differences, 22(3), 417-427.
  • DiTommaso, E., Brannen-McNulty, C., Ross, L., & Burgess, M. (2003). Attachment styles, social skills and loneliness in young adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 35(2), 303-312.
  • DiTommasso E., & Spinner B. (1993). The development and initial validation ofsocial and emotional loneliness scale for adults (SELSA). Personality and Individual Difference, 14(1),127–134.
  • Ebesutani, C., Fierstein, M., Viana, A. G., Trent, L., Young, J., & Sprung, M. (2015). The role of loneliness in the relationship between anxiety and depression in clinical and school‐based youth. Psychology in the Schools, 52(3), 223-234.
  • Engels, R. C. M. E., Dekovic, M., & Meeus, W. (2002). Parenting practices, social skills and peer relationships in adolescence. Social Behavior and Personality, 30, 3–18.
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Studies on Education
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Öner ÇELİKKALELİ

Zeynep KARATAŞ

Publication Date October 24, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020 Volume: 10 Issue: 2

Cite

APA ÇELİKKALELİ, Ö., & KARATAŞ, Z. (2020). Beliren Yetişkinlerde Yalnızlık ile Yaşam Yönelimi Arasındaki Doğrudan ve Dolaylı İlişkiler: Sürekli Kaygının Aracılık Rolü. Eğitim Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi, 10(2), 62-82.
AMA ÇELİKKALELİ Ö, KARATAŞ Z. Beliren Yetişkinlerde Yalnızlık ile Yaşam Yönelimi Arasındaki Doğrudan ve Dolaylı İlişkiler: Sürekli Kaygının Aracılık Rolü. EBAD - JESR. October 2020;10(2):62-82.
Chicago ÇELİKKALELİ, Öner, and Zeynep KARATAŞ. “Beliren Yetişkinlerde Yalnızlık Ile Yaşam Yönelimi Arasındaki Doğrudan Ve Dolaylı İlişkiler: Sürekli Kaygının Aracılık Rolü”. Eğitim Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi 10, no. 2 (October 2020): 62-82.
EndNote ÇELİKKALELİ Ö, KARATAŞ Z (October 1, 2020) Beliren Yetişkinlerde Yalnızlık ile Yaşam Yönelimi Arasındaki Doğrudan ve Dolaylı İlişkiler: Sürekli Kaygının Aracılık Rolü. Eğitim Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi 10 2 62–82.
IEEE Ö. ÇELİKKALELİ and Z. KARATAŞ, “Beliren Yetişkinlerde Yalnızlık ile Yaşam Yönelimi Arasındaki Doğrudan ve Dolaylı İlişkiler: Sürekli Kaygının Aracılık Rolü”, EBAD - JESR, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 62–82, 2020.
ISNAD ÇELİKKALELİ, Öner - KARATAŞ, Zeynep. “Beliren Yetişkinlerde Yalnızlık Ile Yaşam Yönelimi Arasındaki Doğrudan Ve Dolaylı İlişkiler: Sürekli Kaygının Aracılık Rolü”. Eğitim Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi 10/2 (October 2020), 62-82.
JAMA ÇELİKKALELİ Ö, KARATAŞ Z. Beliren Yetişkinlerde Yalnızlık ile Yaşam Yönelimi Arasındaki Doğrudan ve Dolaylı İlişkiler: Sürekli Kaygının Aracılık Rolü. EBAD - JESR. 2020;10:62–82.
MLA ÇELİKKALELİ, Öner and Zeynep KARATAŞ. “Beliren Yetişkinlerde Yalnızlık Ile Yaşam Yönelimi Arasındaki Doğrudan Ve Dolaylı İlişkiler: Sürekli Kaygının Aracılık Rolü”. Eğitim Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi, vol. 10, no. 2, 2020, pp. 62-82.
Vancouver ÇELİKKALELİ Ö, KARATAŞ Z. Beliren Yetişkinlerde Yalnızlık ile Yaşam Yönelimi Arasındaki Doğrudan ve Dolaylı İlişkiler: Sürekli Kaygının Aracılık Rolü. EBAD - JESR. 2020;10(2):62-8.