Year 2019, Volume 20 , Issue 1, Pages 67 - 77 2019-07-31

Examining Dimensionality of Responses to the PISA 2012 Reading Comprehension Test Based on the Bifactor Model
PISA 2012 Okuduğunu Anlama Testine Verilen Yanıtların Boyutluluğunun İki Faktör Modeline Dayalı Olarak İncelenmesi

Seval Kula Kartal [1]


The objective of this research is to examine dimensionality of the data set obtained from the test takers’ responses to the PISA 2012 reading literacy test by comparing item parameters, and item level model data fits estimated based on the two-parameter logistic model and the bifactor model. The PISA 2012 Reading Literacy Test Booklet 12, including fourteen items related to four reading texts, was conducted on a group of 284 students. Model comparisons were done based on item discrimination parameters, S-χ2 item fit statistics, and the index of explained common variance calculated based on item parameters. Results of the analyses indicate that item discrimination parameters estimated on the general dimension are similar to the two-parameter logistic model item parameters. The bifactor model provided some improvement on the item level fit over the one-dimensional model, however this improvement is not meaningful. Both models produced similar results in terms of the item data fit. Based on these findings, it was concluded that the general dimension representing reading comprehension skill is the dominant dimension underlying the data, and the text effect is small enough to accept that the data holds (essential) the unidimensionality assumption.
Bu araştırmanın amacı yanıtlayıcıların PISA 2012 okuduğunu anlama testi maddelerine verdiği yanıtlardan elde edilen veri setinin boyutluluğunun iki parametreli lojistik model ve iki faktör modeliyle elde edilen madde parametreleri ve madde düzeyinde model veri uyumu istatistiklerinin karşılaştırılması yoluyla incelenmesidir. PISA 2012 Türkiye uygulamasında dört okuma metnine dayalı olarak geliştirilmiş 14 madde içeren 12 numaralı test formu 284 kişilik öğrenci grubu üzerinde uygulanmıştır. Madde Tepki Kuramı modelleri arasındaki karşılaştırmalar madde ayırt edicilik parametrelerine, S-χ2 madde uyum istatistiklerine ve açıklanan ortak varyans değerlerine dayalı olarak yapılmıştır. Analizlerin sonuçları, genel boyut ayırt edicilik parametrelerinin tek boyutlu iki parametreli lojistik model madde parametreleriyle benzer olduğunu göstermiştir. İki faktör modeli madde düzeyinde model veri uyumunda tek boyutlu modele göre bir miktar iyileşme sağlamış olsa da bu iyileşmenin önemli olmadığı bulunmuştur. Madde model veri uyumu açısından iki model de benzer sonuçlar sağlamıştır. Bu bulgulara dayalı olarak, genel boyuta karşılık gelen okuduğunu anlama becerisinin test verisinin altında yatan baskın boyut olduğu, ortak metinlerden kaynaklı varyansın küçük ve önemsiz olduğu, verinin (yaklaşık) tek boyutluluk varsayımını sağladığı sonucuna varılmıştır.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Education and Educational Research
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3018-6972
Author: Seval Kula Kartal (Primary Author)
Institution: PAMUKKALE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : July 31, 2019

APA Kula Kartal, S . (2019). PISA 2012 Okuduğunu Anlama Testine Verilen Yanıtların Boyutluluğunun İki Faktör Modeline Dayalı Olarak İncelenmesi. Ege Eğitim Dergisi , 20 (1) , 67-77 . DOI: 10.12984/egeefd.470194