Year 2021, Volume , Issue 21, Pages 181 - 190 2021-01-31

Tarımsal Atıklardan Biyogaz Üretimi İçin Anaerobik Fermentör Tasarımında Etkili Etmenler

Gökhan TÜRKER [1]


Biyogaz üretmek amacıyla, kullanılacak materyalin belirlenmesi süreçlerini iyileştirmek ve hızlandırmak için, bu materyallerin çeşitli ortak özelliklerine uygun fermentör tasarımları gereklidir. Anaerobik fermentasyon işleminde tarımsal biyokütle kullanımındaki en büyük sorun, üretim sistemlerinin farklı olması nedeniyle, materyal boyutları ve bileşimlerinin değişken olmasıdır. Fermentör tasarımı, metan verimini ve anaerobik fermentasyon sürecini etkileyen önemli bir etmendir. Fermentör tasarımında etkili etmenler esas olarak, kullanılacak hammaddenin özellikleri ve işletme değişkenleri olmak üzere iki temel grupta incelenebilir. Ticari ölçekli anaerobik fermentörler, izleme ve kontrol sistemlerinin yetersiz olması nedeniyle, genellikle uygun yükleme oranlarının (OLR) altında çalıştırılmaktadır. Bu durum, metanojenleri etkileyen yüksek oranda uçucu yağ asitleri (VFA) gibi, inhibitör bileşikler oluşturarak, fermentasyon sürecinde kararsızlığa neden olabilir. Fermentörlerin arızalanma oranı, düzensiz akışlı ve sürekli karıştırılan tip fermentörlerde yüksek düzeylere ulaşmıştır. Fermentörler için uygun çalışma koşullarının sürdürülebilmesi için, otomatik ölçme ve kontrol sistemlerinin kullanılması önemlidir. Bu çalışmada, anaerobik fermentör tasarımında etkili; biyolojik, teknik, ekonomik ve çevresel ölçütler değerlendirilmiştir
Biyogaz üretimi, Fermentör tasarımı, Tarımsal atıklar
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-8073-5151
Author: Gökhan TÜRKER (Primary Author)
Institution: KADİR HAS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : January 31, 2021

APA Türker, G . (2021). Tarımsal Atıklardan Biyogaz Üretimi İçin Anaerobik Fermentör Tasarımında Etkili Etmenler . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (21) , 181-190 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.784599