Year 2021, Volume , Issue 23, Pages 89 - 98 2021-04-30

Bazı Tahıl Benzeri Ürünlerin Besin İçeriği ve Gıda Endüstrisinde Kullanımı

Esra DOGU BAYKUT [1]


Tahıl ürünleri tüm dünyada ve ülkemizde insanların beslenmesinde önemli bir yer tutmaktadır. Kolay ulaşılabilir ve depolanabilir olması, çabuk bozulmaması, yüksek enerji değeri olması ve uygun fiyatlı olması gibi sebeplerle tahıllar yaygın olarak tüketilmektedir. Başta buğday olmak üzere çavdar, arpa ve yulaf gibi tahılların içerdiği gluten adlı protein ekmek ve diğer unlu mamullerin yapımında önemli rol oynamaktadır. Fakat gluten allerjisi, çölyak hastalığı veya gluten hassasiyeti olan kişilerin gluten içeren besinler tüketmesi sindirim sorunları ve çok daha ciddi hastalıklara yol açabilmektedir. Ayrıca son yıllarda, gluten içermeyen gıdaların tüketilmesinin genel sağlık durumunu arttırdığını belirten çalışmaların da artması ile birçok insan beslenme alışkanlıklarında değişiklikler yapmıştır. Bu sebepler gluten içermeyen tahıl bazlı ürünlere olan ihtiyacı ortaya çıkarmış ve araştırmacıları tahıl alternatifi olabilecek az kullanılan türlerin farklı kullanımları ile ilgili araştırmalar yapmaya yöneltmiştir. Karabuğday, amarant ve kinoa son yıllarda glutensiz ürün geliştirilmesinde sıklıkla kullanılan tahıl alternatifleridir. Bu ürünler zengin besin içerikleri ve fonksiyonel özellikleri ile sadece gluten alerjisi, çölyak hastalığı veya gluten hassasiyeti olan kişiler için değil aynı zamanda sağlıklı beslenme bilincindeki tüketiciler için de katma değeri yüksek ürün üretiminde iyi birer alternatiftir. Bu derlemede son yıllarda sıklıkla tüketilen tahıl benzeri ürün olan karabuğday, amarant ve kinoanın besin içerikleri ve gıdalarda kullanım alanları incelenmiştir.
tahıl benzeri, besin bileşenleri, karabuğday, amarant, kinoa
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-9441-927X
Author: Esra DOGU BAYKUT (Primary Author)
Institution: ISTANBUL MEDENIYET UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : April 30, 2021

APA Dogu Baykut, E . (2021). Bazı Tahıl Benzeri Ürünlerin Besin İçeriği ve Gıda Endüstrisinde Kullanımı . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (23) , 89-98 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.789955