Year 2021, Volume , Issue 23, Pages 108 - 119 2021-04-30

Betonarme Yapıların Güçlendirilmesinde Kullanılan FRP Kompozitin Yapısal Performansa Etkisi

Müslüm Murat MARAS [1]


Son yıllarda betonarme yapılarda deprem sonrası yapılan araştırmalarda, betonarme yapı tasarımındaki koşulların dikkate alınmadığı gözlenmiştir. Betonarme yapı elemanlarında, farklı tasarım hataları ve yapısal düzensizliklerden dolayı, birçok hasar meydana gelmektedir. Deprem etkisi altında, bu yapılarda özellikle kolon-kiriş birleşim bölgelerinde donatının akma noktasını geçmesi ile büyük dönmelerin meydana gelmesi sonucu, ağır hasarlar oluşmaktadır. Günümüzde, bu hasarlı yapılar için farklı güçlendirme çalışmaları yapılmaktadır. İnşaat sektöründeki gelişmelerle birlikte bu hasarlı betonarme binaların Fiber Takviyeli Polimer (FRP) kompozitlerle güçlendirilmesi büyük bir önem kazanmıştır. Yüksek çekme mukavemetine sahip olan bu kompozitler, deprem etkisinde yüksek oranda enerji yutarak ve büyük deplasmanlar yaparak sünek davranış sergilerler. Yapılan çalışmada, FRP kompozitlerin betonarme yapı elemanlarındaki önemi ve mühendislik özellikleri üzerine etkileri araştırılmıştır. Bu kompozitlerin yapı taşıyıcı sistemlerinin farklı bölgelerinde farklı teknikler kullanarak uygulanmasıyla, taşıyıcı yapısal davranışlarının öneminin arttığı görülmüştür. Sonuç olarak, FRP kompozitlerin inşaat sektöründe yapı taşıyıcı sistemlerde güçlendirme çalışmalarında kullanılmasıyla birlikte yapının ekonomik ömrünün arttırılabileceği ve yapı elemanlarının kesit ve donatı oranlarında azalmalara gidilebileceği düşünülmektedir.
Fiber takviyeli polimer (FRP),, kompozit,, süneklilik, güçlendirme
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-6324-207X
Author: Müslüm Murat MARAS (Primary Author)
Institution: İnönü Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : April 30, 2021

APA Maras, M . (2021). Betonarme Yapıların Güçlendirilmesinde Kullanılan FRP Kompozitin Yapısal Performansa Etkisi . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (23) , 108-119 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.797437