Year 2021, Volume , Issue 23, Pages 524 - 533 2021-04-30

Ülkemizde ve Bazı Ülkelerde Sulama Şebekelerinin Finansmanı ve Sulama Suyu Ücretleri
Financing of Irrigation Schemes and Irrigation Charges Practiced in Some Countries and our Country

Cengiz KOÇ [1] , Nedim ÖZDEMİR [2]


Sulama şebekeleri İşletme-bakım ve yönetiminde (İBY) finansal yönetimin amaçları, sulama organizasyonuna ait mülklerin etkin kullanımını sağlamak ve kolaylaştırmak, üyelerinin yararı için finansal varlıkları yönetmek, organizasyonun finansal durumunu belirlemek, üyelerinin güvenini kazanmak ve korumak, organizasyonun varlığını ve sürdürülebilirliğini sağlamak olarak sıralanabilir. Sulama şebekeleri işletme-bakım ve yönetim organizasyonları projeden yaralanan su kullanıcılardan sulama şebekeleri İBY hizmetleri için finanasal kaynakları harekete geçirmede sulama ücretlerini kullanmaktadır. Sulama ücretlerini hesaplama yöntemleri ülkelere göre farklılık göstermesine karşın, sulama şebekelerinin büyük bir çoğunluğunda belirlenen sulama ücretleri sulanmış alanı temel almaktadır. Kullanılan suyun fiyatını temel alan sulama ücret yöntemi oldukça az örnekte yer almaktadır. Dağıtılan suyun güvenilirliği ve İBY gelirlerini sağlamak için yararlanılan sulama ücretleri farklı yöntemler ile belirlenmektedir. Dağıtılan suyun maliyeti, bitki çeşidi, toprak yapısı, suyun miktarı ve iklim gibi tarımsal ve hidrolojik etmenler ile bazı özel fiziki koşulların fonksiyonundan oluşmaktadır. Sorumlu İBY organizasyonu, yatırım giderlerini geri almak, İBY ve sistem iyileştirme giderlerini karşılamak için bir sulama ücret yöntemini belirlemelidir. Diğer yandan, toplanan gelirler elde edildikleri aynı projede kullanılır ve güçlü bir İBY organizasyon yapısı oluşturulduğunda, sulama ücretleri, sulama sisteminin yönetim aktivitelerini iyileştirmede olumlu bir etkiye sahip olmaktadır. Bu çalışma, ülkemizde ve diğer ülkelerde sulama sistemleri İBY finansmanı, sulama ücret çeşitleri, sulama ücreti belirleme yöntemleri, İBY organizasyon performansı ve sulama performansı üzerine sulama ücretlerinin etkisini incelemeyi amaçlamaktadır.
sulama finansmanı, sulama ücreti, sulama ücreti ve performans
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7310-073X
Author: Cengiz KOÇ (Primary Author)
Institution: MUĞLA SITKI KOÇMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7410-6113
Author: Nedim ÖZDEMİR
Institution: MUĞLA SITKI KOÇMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : April 30, 2021

APA Koç, C , Özdemir, N . (2021). Ülkemizde ve Bazı Ülkelerde Sulama Şebekelerinin Finansmanı ve Sulama Suyu Ücretleri . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (23) , 524-533 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.865591