Year 2021, Volume , Issue 23, Pages 882 - 891 2021-04-30

The Effect of Temperature and Time Variables on Printing Quality in Sublimation Transfer Printing on Nylon and Polyester Fabric
Naylon ve Polyester Kumaş Üzerine Sublimasyon Transfer Baskıda Sıcaklık ve Süre Değişkeninin Baskı Kalitesine Etkisi

Meral ÖZOMAY [1] , Zafer ÖZOMAY [2]


The image on textile fabrics is created by various methods. The sublimation transfer printing method, which is one of the various image creation methods on fabric, was applied on nylon and polyester fabric in the study. The fabrics used were printed at two different temperatures, both 1500C and 2000C, and with a pressing time of 30 seconds, 60 seconds, and 120 seconds. L * a * b * values, wash fastness (staining and fading), delta E values of Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black colors, which are the process colors determined in the study, were measured alongside the analysis of fastness properties. It was determined that the image formation, pressing time and temperature-dependent fastness values on fabrics were 4/5 (very good). Sublimation printing has shown that application differences depending on both temperature and time cause changes in color values. Considering the costs, it is suggested that the printing time of 30 seconds can be preferred, when compared to the longer printing time in sublimation prints.
Tekstil kumaşlar üzerine görüntü çok çeşitli yöntemler ile oluşturulmaktadır. Kumaş üzerine farklı görüntü oluşturma yöntemlerinden biri olan sublimasyon transfer baskı yöntemi çalışmada naylon ve polyester kumaş üzerine uygulanmıştır. Kullanılan kumaşlara hem 1500C hem de 2000C olmak üzere iki farklı sıcaklıkta ve 30sn, 60sn ve 120sn presleme süresi ile baskılar gerçekleştirilmiştir. Haslık özelliklerinin analizi ile birlikte çalışmada belirlenen proses renkler olan Cyan, Magenta, Yellow ve Black renklerinin; L* a* b* değerleri, yıkama haslığı (lekeleme ve solma), delta E değerleri ölçümlenmiştir. Kumaşlarda görüntü oluşumu presleme süresi ve sıcaklığa bağlı haslık değerleri 4/5 (çok iyi) olduğunu tespit edilmiştir. Süblimasyon baskı hem sıcaklığa hem de süreye bağlı uygulama farklılıklarının renk değerlerinde değişimler oluşturduğunu göstermiştir. İşletme maliyetleri de düşünüldüğünde sublime baskılarda 30 saniye baskı süresinin daha uzun baskı süresine göre tercih edilebileceği önerilmektedir.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0138-0060
Author: Meral ÖZOMAY
Institution: Marmara University
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7650-733X
Author: Zafer ÖZOMAY (Primary Author)
Institution: MARMARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER YÜKSEKOKULU
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : April 30, 2021

APA Özomay, M , Özomay, Z . (2021). The Effect of Temperature and Time Variables on Printing Quality in Sublimation Transfer Printing on Nylon and Polyester Fabric . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (23) , 882-891 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.889147