Year 2019, Volume 1 , Issue 2, Pages 98 - 154 2019-12-31

It is merely evident that innovation is more in the ascendant not only in the practical field but also in theory. However, although innovation seems to be entirely discussed within different business fields, tourism -due to its “service” and “manpower” based nature-, is considered to be one of the relatively stepwise sectors. Thus, this study aims to review 235 articles indexed by SSCI, SCI, SCI-E, ESCI and SCOPUS between 1900-2019 in the context of tourism-innovation relationship. In this review, these articles are grouped under the five themes of Schumpeter (1934) as product innovation, process innovation, market innovation, input innovation and organizational innovation. Among these studies, while process innovation was found to be the most studied subject, product and service innovation was found to be the least studied subject. The most frequently used keyword was found to be innovation itself. Besides it was seen that sustainability in process innovation, perceptions of employees and managers in organizational innovation, business performance and customer satisfaction in service innovation, product development and business performance in product innovation are the most frequently used keywords all through the entire tourism literature. These findings highlight that innovation in tourism research is developing as it does in the manufacturing industry. This research might be considered as not only an opportunity for contemporary innovation executives to follow up the developments in the theory and update their practices in the sector but also an inspiration for the theorists to discover the gaps and the relatively disregarded niche areas and contribute to the future researches.
It is merely evident that innovation is more in the ascendant not only in the practical field but also in theory. However, although innovation seems to be entirely discussed within different business fields, tourism -due to its “service” and “manpower” based nature-, is considered to be one of the relatively stepwise sectors. Thus, this study aims to review 235 articles indexed by SSCI, SCI, SCI-E, ESCI and SCOPUS between 1900-2019 in the context of tourism-innovation relationship. In this review, these articles are grouped under the five themes of Schumpeter (1934) as product innovation, process innovation, market innovation, input innovation and organizational innovation. Among these studies, while process innovation was found to be the most studied subject, product and service innovation was found to be the least studied subject. The most frequently used keyword was found to be innovation itself. Besides it was seen that sustainability in process innovation, perceptions of employees and managers in organizational innovation, business performance and customer satisfaction in service innovation, product development and business performance in product innovation are the most frequently used keywords all through the entire tourism literature. These findings highlight that innovation in tourism research is developing as it does in the manufacturing industry. This research might be considered as not only an opportunity for contemporary innovation executives to follow up the developments in the theory and update their practices in the sector but also an inspiration for the theorists to discover the gaps and the relatively disregarded niche areas and contribute to the future researches.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Economics
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-5125-7648
Author: Cem IŞIK
Institution: ANADOLU UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-2599-0197
Author: Ebru GÜNLÜ KÜÇÜKALTAN
Institution: DOKUZ EYLUL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Author: Sedat TAŞ
Institution: GÜMÜŞHANE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, GÜMÜŞHANE MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
Country: Turkey


Author: Emre AKOĞUL
Institution: ATATURK UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Author: Abdulkadir UYRUN
Institution: ATATURK UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Author: Tahmina HAJİYEVA
Institution: ATATURK UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Author: Barış TURAN
Institution: ATATURK UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Author: Ahmet Halil DIRBO
Institution: ATATURK UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Author: Engin BAYRAKTAROĞLU
Institution: ANADOLU UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 31, 2019

APA Işık, C , Günlü Küçükaltan, E , Taş, S , Akoğul, E , Uyrun, A , Haji̇yeva, T , Turan, B , Dırbo, A , Bayraktaroğlu, E . (2019). Tourism and innovation: A literature review . Journal of Ekonomi , 1 (2) , 98-154 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ekonomi/issue/50958/669185