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Entrepreneurship Competencies of School Principals

Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 3, 343 - 372, 31.12.2021

Abstract

The main purpose of this research is to determine the entrepreneurship competencies of school principals according to the opinions of school principals working in public schools. In the study conducted with phenomenology design, which is one of the qualitative research designs, interviews consisting of semi-structured questions were conducted with a total of twenty-five school principals working in the Anatolian side of Istanbul and various education levels. The data obtained in line with the perceptions, experiences, and interpretations of school principals during the interview process were coded using the content analysis technique and brought together under categories and themes within the framework of research questions. Considering the findings obtained, the entrepreneurship competencies of school principals are observed to be concentrated on; (1) the competencies of taking risks, obtaining results and benefits, taking initiative responsibility, not having failure anxiety, and being an observer under the sub-theme of individual competencies. However, (2) in the sub-theme of organizational competencies, they were observed to be concentrated on the competencies of planning and evaluating opportunities, catching opportunities and innovations, sensitivity to realistic and applicable ideas, supporting the diversity of ideas, and openness to ideas. Again, (3) in the sub-theme of relational competencies, they were observed to be concentrated on the competencies of activating stakeholders and environmental opportunities, benefiting from stakeholder power, persuading, and effective communication and interaction. Finally, (4) in the sub-theme of commitment-self-confidence, they were observed to be concentrated on the competencies of perseverance and persistence. Within the framework of the findings, it is important to consider entrepreneurship competencies in the structuring processes of school leadership to make school management processes more effective.

References

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Okul Müdürlerinin Girişimcilik Yeterlikleri

Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 3, 343 - 372, 31.12.2021

Abstract

Bu araştırmanın temel amacı devlet okullarında görev yapan okul müdürlerinin görüşlerine göre okul müdürlerinin girişimcilik yeterliklerinin belirlenmesidir. Nitel araştırma desenlerinden biri olan olgubilim deseniyle yürütülen araştırmada, İstanbul ili Anadolu yakasında çeşitli eğitim kademelerinde ve okullarda görev yapan toplamda yirmi beş okul müdürü ile yarı yapılandırılmış sorulardan oluşan görüşme gerçekleştirilmiştir. Görüşme sürecinde okul müdürlerinin algıları, deneyimleri ve anlamlandırmaları doğrultusunda elde edilen veriler, içerik analizi tekniği kullanılarak kodlanmış ve elde edilen kodlar, araştırma soruları çerçevesinde çeşitli kategori ve temalar altında bir araya getirilmiştir. Elde edilen bulgulara bakıldığında okul müdürlerinin girişimcilik yeterliklerinin; (1) bireysel yeterlikler alt temasında risk alma, sonuç ve fayda elde etme, inisiyatif-sorumluluk alma, başarısızlık kaygısının olmaması ve gözlemci olma yeterliklerinde yoğunlaştığı görülmüştür. Bununla birlikte (2) örgütsel yeterlikler alt temasında fırsatları değerlendirme ve planlama, fırsatları ve yenilikleri yakalama, gerçekçi uygulanabilir fikirlere duyarlılık, fikir çeşitliliğini destekleme ve fikirlere açıklık yeterliklerinde yoğunlaştığı tespit edilmiştir. Yine (3) ilişkisel yeterlikler alt temasında paydaşları ve çevresel imkânları harekete geçirme, paydaş gücünden yararlanma, ikna etme ve etkili iletişim-etkileşim kurma yeterliklerinde yoğunlaştığı gözlenmiştir. Son olarak (3) bağlılık özgüven yeterlikleri alt temasında ise azim ve vazgeçmeme yeterliğinde yoğunlaştığı görülmüştür. Elde edilen bulgular çerçevesinde okul yönetim süreçlerinin daha etkili hale getirilmesi için okul liderliğinin yapılandırılma süreçlerinde girişimcilik yeterliklerinin dikkate alınması önem arz etmektedir.

References

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  • Ayub, D., & Othman, N. (2013). Entrepreneurship Management Practices in Creating Effective Schools. Asian Social Science, 9 (12), 69-78.
  • Azim, M. T., & Al-Kahtani A. H. (2015). Designing entrepreneurship education and training program: In search of a model. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 6(22),112–127.
  • Bacigalupo, M., Kampylis, P., Punie, Y., & Van den Brande, G. (2016). EntreComp: The Entrepreneurship Competence Framework. Luxembourg: Publication Office of the European Union.
  • Bandura, A. (1997). Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control. New York, NY: W.H. Freeman and Company.
  • Behave, M. P. (1994). A Process Model of Entrepreneurial Venture Creation. Journal of Business Venturing, (1), 223-242. Doi: 10.1016/0883-9026(94)90031-0
  • Bhatt, A. K. (2016).Innovation and Entrepreneurship. New Delhı: Laxmi Publications.
  • Blake, B. S. (2008). The Principal as Entrepreneur in The Management of Schools (Mınor-Dissertation). University of Johannesburg, Faculty of Education, South Africa.
  • Blake, B., & Mestry, R. (2013). The changing dimensions of the finances on urban schools: An entrepreneurial approach for principals. Education as Change, 18(1), 163–178. Doi:10.1080/16823206.2013.847017
  • Blundel, R., & Lockett, N. (2011). Exploring Entrepreneurship: Practices and Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Bogdan, R., & Biklen, S. K. (2007). Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theories and methods. London: Pearson Education.
  • Bosma, N., Hessels, J., Schutjens, V., Praag, M., & Verheul, I. (2012). Entrepreneurship and Role Models. Journal of Economic Psychology, 33(2), 410–424. Doi: 10.1016/j.joep.2011.03.004
  • Brinkmann, S. (2014). Unstructured and Semi-Structured Interviewing. In P. Leavy (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Qualitative Research (pp. 277-300). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Bygrave, W. D.,& Hofer, C. W. (1992). Theorizing about Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 16(2), 13–22. Doi: 10.1177/104225879201600203 Cambridge Dictionary (2021, 14 October). What is qualification. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/tr/s%C3%B6zl%C3%BCk/ingilizce/qualification adresinden edinilmiştir.
  • Chen, C. C., Greene, P. G., & Crick, A. (1998). Does entrepreneurial self-efficacy distinguish entrepreneurs from managers? Journal of Business Venturing, 13(4), 295–316. Doi: 10.1016/S0883-9026(97)00029-3
  • Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2007). Research Methods in Education. New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group. Cooney, T. M. (2012). Entrepreneurship Skills for Growth-Orientated Businesses. Report for the Workshop on Skills Development for SMEs and Entrepreneurship. Copenhagen, 28 November 2012.
  • Creswell, L. (2013). Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri (Çev. M. Bütün ve S. B. Demir). Ankara: Siyasal Yayın Dağıtım.
  • Çelik, M. (2013). The relationship between primary school principals' transformational leadership and entrepreneurship skills according to teachers' perceptions: the sample of Bağcilar and Bakirköy districts (Master Thesis), Sakarya University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Sakarya.
  • Çelik, M. ve Titrek, O. (2013). İlkokul Yöneticilerinin Dönüşümcü Liderlik ve Girişimcilik Becerileri Arasındaki İlişki (Bağcılar ve Bakırköy İlçeleri Örneği). VI. Ulusal Lisansüstü Eğitim Sempozyumu Bildiriler Kitabı. Sakarya: Sakarya Üniversitesi Yayınları.
  • Dahiru, A. S., Pihie, Z. A. L., Basri, R., & Hassan, S. A. (2017). Mediating Effect of Teacher Empowerment Between Entrepreneurial Leadership and School Effectiveness. The Social Sciences, 12(11), 2077-2084. Doi: 10.36478/sscience.2017.2077.2084
  • Davey, T., Hannon, P., & Penaluna, A. (2016). Entrepreneurship education and the role of universities in entrepreneurship: Introduction to the special issue. Industry and Higher Education, 30(3) 171–182. Doi: 10.1177/0950422216656699
  • Dess, G., & Lumpkin, G. (2005). The Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation in Stimulating Effective Corporate Entrepreneurship. Academy of Management Excecutive, 19(1), 147-156. Doi: 10.5465/AME.2005.15841975
  • Dollinger, M. J. (2008). Entrepreneurshıp: Strategies and Resources. Illinois: Marsh Publıcatıons.
  • Dornelas, J. C. A. (2008). Entrepreneurship: turning ideas into business. Rio de Janeiro: Elsevier.
  • Drucker, P. F. (1985).Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Practice and Principles. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1496169.
  • Esfahani, A. N., & Pour, M. S. (2013). Effects of Entrepreneurial Characteristic of Public and Private Tehran School Principals on Evaluation of Innovativeness. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, (93), 1736–1743.
  • Fernald, L., Solomon, G.T., & Tarabishy, A. (2005). A new paradigm: entrepreneurial leadership. Southern Business Review, 30(2), 1–10.
  • Fernandez, S., Cho, Y. J., & Perry, J. L. (2010). Exploring the link between integrated leadership and public sector performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 21(2), 308–323. Doi: 10.1016/j.leaqua.2010.01.009
  • Field, P. A., & Morse, J. M. (1989). Nursing Research: The Application of Qualitative Methods. London: Chapman and Hall.
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Education, Scientific Disciplines
Journal Section Article
Authors

Mesut DEMİRBİLEK This is me
Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı
0000-0002-7570-7807
Türkiye

Publication Date December 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 3

Cite

APA Demirbilek, M. (2021). Entrepreneurship Competencies of School Principals . Eğitim Kuram ve Uygulama Araştırmaları Dergisi , 7 (3) , 343-372 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ekuad/issue/67798/1051921