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Investigation of the Level of Attachment of Fathers to the Fetus and Factors Affecting Such Attachment in the Prenatal Period

Year 2023, Volume: 6 Issue: 3, 150 - 158, 26.10.2023

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the level of attachment of fathers to the fetus and the factors affecting such attachment in the prenatal period.
Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 463 fathers whose spouses were 24–38 weeks pregnant in the obstetrics outpatient clinic of the University Research and Practice Hospital Gynecology Department between December 2019 and April 2020. The “Information Form” and “Intrauterine Father Attachment Scale” (IFAS) were used as data collection tools for this study.
Results: In this study, the total score of Intrauterine Father Attachment Scale was found to be 62.22 ± 10.66 (min = 34, max = 87). The mean Intrauterine Father Attachment Scale scores of the fathers who had a good income level had a less marriage period, had less children, had a high educational level, who want to have more children, and whose spouse’s pregnancy was not risky were found to be higher than those of the fathers who did not (p > .05). Furthermore, of the fathers those who were previously knowledgeable about baby care and were experienced in baby care thought that both of the parents should be responsible for the care of the baby, perceived the support given by his family as sufficient, thought that marriage means happiness, wanted to attend their wives’ childbirth in the delivery room, wanted to attend pregnancy schools, and thought that the social relations affect the baby positively obtained higher scores from the IFAS (p > .05).
Conclusion: Regression results have shown that getting information about baby care, who is mostly responsible for a baby’s care, educational status, and status of wanting to join pregnant schools have a significant impact on Intrauterine Father Attachment Scale scores.

References

  • Aslan, E., Ertürk, S., Demir, H., & Aksoy, O. (2017). Fathers’ attachment status to their infants. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 10(3), 1410–1418.
  • Bawadi, H. A. (2015). Knowledge of fathers’ support during labor: From Arabic fathers’ perspective. Health, 07(11), 1545–1551. [CrossRef]
  • Benli, T. E., & Aksoy, D. Y. (2020). Turkish validity and reliability study of intrauterine Father attachment Scale. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 1–9.
  • Brandão, T., Brites, R., Hipólito, J., Pires, M., Vasconcelos, M. L., & Nunes, O. (2020). Depressive symptoms, dyadic coping, and attachment to the fetus in expectant fathers: A moderated-mediation analysis. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 29(6), 1649–1658. [CrossRef]
  • Camarneiro, A. F. P., & Miranda Justo, J. M. R. (2017). Prenatal attachment and sociodemographic and clinical factors in Portuguese couples. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 35(3), 212-222. DOI: [CrossRef]
  • Chow, S. C., Shao, J., Wang, H., & Lokhnygina, Y. (2018). Sample size calculations on clinical research (p. 13, 3rd edn). CRC Press, Taylor&Francis Group.
  • Condon, J., Corkindale, C., Boyce, P., & Gamble, E. (2013). A longitudinal study of father-to-infant attachment: Antecedents and correlates. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 31(1), 15–30. [CrossRef]
  • De Mendonça, J. S., Raad Bussab, V. S., Lucci, T. K., & Kärtner, J. (2015). Father–child interactional synchrony in Brazilian families with maternal depression. Human Ethology Bulletin, 30(1), 121–138.
  • Dönmez, S., & Gümüşsoy, S. (2019). Development of the father’s attachment scale in intrauterine period. Kocaeli Medical Journal, 8(2), 13–19. [CrossRef]
  • Esposito, G., Setoh, P., Shinohara, K., & Bornstein, M. H. (2017). The development of attachment: Integrating genes, brain, behavior, and environment. Behavioural Brain Research, 325(B), 87–89. [CrossRef]
  • Fletcher, R., May, C., & St. George, J. (2014). A fathers prenatal relationship with “their” baby and “her” pregnancy—Implications for antenatal education. International Journal of Birth & Parent Education, 1(3), 23–22.
  • Gibbs, B. G., Forste, R., & Lybbert, E. (2018). Breastfeeding, parenting, and infant attachment behaviors. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 22(4), 579–588. [CrossRef]
  • Göbel, A., Barkmann, C., Goletzke, J., Hecher, K., Schulte-Markwort, M., Arck, P., Diemert, A., & Mudra, S. (2020). Psychometric properties of 13-item versions of the maternal and paternal antenatal attachment scales in German. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 38(4), 455–467. [CrossRef]
  • Hildingsson, I., Johansson, M., Fenwick, J., Haines, H., & Rubertsson, C. (2014). Childbirth fear in expectant fathers: Findings from a regional Swedish cohort study. Midwifery, 30(2), 242–247. [CrossRef]
  • Karakulak, A. H., & Alparslan, Ö. (2016). Anne-bebek bağlanma ölçeğinin Türk toplumuna uyarlanması: Aydın örneği. Journal of Contemporary Medicine, 6(3), 188–199.
  • Koptur, A., & Güner Emül, T. (2017). Fetüs ve yenidoğanda bağlanmanın iki yüzü: Maternal ve paternal bağlanma ve hemşirelik. Ege Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi Dergisi, 33(3), 153–164.
  • Köse, D., Çınar, N., Altınkaynak, S. (2013). Yenidoğanın anne ve baba ile bağlanma süreci. Sürekli Tıp Eğitim Dergisi, 22(6), 239-245.
  • Li, T., Guo, N., Jiang, H., & Eldadah, M. (2019). Breastfeeding self-efficacy among parturient women in Shanghai: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Human Lactation, 35(3), 583–591. [CrossRef]
  • Nelas, P., Gandara, D., Chaves, C., Coutinho, E., Cruz, C., & Ferreira, M. (2016). Father/baby bonding: Impact of vulnerability to stress. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences, 246–253. [CrossRef]
  • Nosrati, A., Mirzakhani, K., Golmakani, N., Esmaeily, H., Mohsen, S., & Nekah, A. (2018). The effect of paternal-fetal attachment training on marital satisfaction during pregnancy. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, 6, 1132–1140.
  • Pisoni, C., Garafoli, F., Tzialla, C., Orcesi, S., Spinillo, A., Politi, P., & Stronati, M. (2015). Complexity of parental prenatal attachment during pregnancy at risk for preterm delivery. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 1(6).
  • Rollè, L., Giordano, M., Santoniccolo, F., & Trombetta, T. (2020). Prenatal attachment and perinatal depression: A Systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8), 2644. [CrossRef]
  • Salehi, K., Taleghani, F., & Kohan, S. (2019). Effect of attachment-based interventions on prenatal attachment: A protocol for systematic review. Reproductive Health, 16(1), 42. [CrossRef]
  • Şahin, H., & Demiriz, S. (2014). The investigation of the relationshıp between the perception of fatherhood role and the participation into family participation activities. Journal of Turkish Social Research, 18(1), 273–294.
  • Türk Düdükcü, F., & Taş Aslan, F. (2020). Paternal-infant attachment and determination of factors affecting attachment. Archives of Health Science and Research, 7(1), 43–49.
  • Türkmen, H., & Güler, S. (2022). Factors Affecting intrauterine paternalfoetal attachment and the responsibility status of fathers concerning mothers and babies. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 40(5), 451–464. [CrossRef]
  • Verny, T., & Kelly, J. (2016). The secret life of the unborn child. In Ç Erendag (Eds.), Anatolialit. Kuraldışı Yayıncılık.
  • Vreeswijk, C. M. J. M., Maas, A. J. B. M., Rijk, C. H. A. M., & van Bakel, H. J. A. (2014). Fathers’ experiences during pregnancy: Paternal prenatal attachment and representations of the fetus. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 15(2), 129–137. [CrossRef]
  • Yang, X., Gao, L. L., Ip, W. Y., & Sally Chan, W. C. (2016). Predictors of breastfeeding self-efficacy in the immediate postpartum period: Acrosssectional study. Midwifery, 41, 1–8. [CrossRef]
  • Yılmaz, S. D., & Beji, N. K. (2013). Prenatal Bağlanma Envanteri’nin Türkçe’ye uyarlanması: Güvenilirlik ve geçerlilik çalışması. Journal of Anatolia Nursing and Health Sciences, 16(2), 103–109.
  • Yogman, M., Garfield, C. F., & COMMITTEE ON PSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECTS OF CHILD AND FAMILY HEALTH (2016). Fathers’ Roles in the Care and Development of Their Children: The Role of Pediatricians. Pediatrics, 138(1), e20161128. [CrossRef]

Prenatal Dönemde Babaların Fetüse Bağlanma Düzeyi ve Bu Bağlanmayı Etkileyen Faktörler

Year 2023, Volume: 6 Issue: 3, 150 - 158, 26.10.2023

Abstract

Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, prenatal dönemde babaların fetüse bağlanma düzeylerini ve bu bağlanmayı etkileyen faktörleri belirlemek.
Yöntemler: Tanımlayıcı tipte olan bu araştırma, Aralık 2019-Nisan 2020 tarihleri arasında bir Üniversite Araştırma ve Uygulama Hastanesi Kadın Hastalıkları ve Doğum polikliniğinde eşleri 24–38 haftalık gebe olan 463 baba ile yapılmıştır. Araştırmanın veri toplama aracı olarak; babaların tanıtıcı özelliklerini içeren “Tanıtıcı Bilgi Formu” ve babaların doğum öncesi bebeğe bağlanma düzeylerini belirleyen “Rahim İçi Baba Bağlanma Ölçeği (RİBBÖ)” kullanılmıştır.
Bulgular: Çalışmada RİBBÖ toplam puan ortalaması 62,22 ± 10,66 (min = 34, max = 87) olup, katılımcıların %52.5’i 29–39 yaş aralığında, %38.4’ü lise mezunu ve %60,0’ının gelir durumunun kötü seviyede olduğu belirlenmiştir. RİBBÖ puan ortalaması ile eğitim durumu, evlilik süresi, gelir durumu, bu gebeliğin kaçıncı çocuğu olduğu, toplamda kaç çocuk istediği ve gebeliğin riskli olma durumu arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark bulunmuştur (p > ,05). Ayrıca çalışmada babaların %66,5’inin daha önce bebek bakımı ile ilgili bilgi aldığı, %82,5’inin bebeklerini kaybetme korkusu yaşadığı ve %52,5’inin eşlerinin doğuma katılmak istemediklerini ifade ettikleri saptanmıştır. RİBBÖ puan ortalaması ile daha önce bebek bakımı ile ilgili bilgi alma durumu, daha önce bebek bakımı ile ilgili deneyim yaşama durumu, bebeğin bakımında çoğunlukla kimin sorumlu olduğu, ailesi tarafından verilen desteği yeterli bulma durumu, evliliğin neyi ifade ettiği, eşinin doğumuna katılmayı isteme durumu, gebe okullarına katılmayı isteme durumu, bebeğin sosyal ilişkilerini etkileme durumu arasında istatistiksel olarak fark bulunurken (p <,05); bebeğini kaybetme korkusu yaşama durumu ve bebeğin kime benzemesini istedikleri arasında ise istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark bulunmamıştır (p > ,05).
Sonuç: Araştırmanın regresyon sonucunda daha önce bebek bakımı ile ilgili bilgi almanın, bebe bakımından en çok kimin sorumlu olduğunun, eğitim durumumum, doğuma ve gebe okullarına katılmak istemenin, eş ile olan ilişkiden memnuniyetin RİBBÖ puanı üzerinde anlamlı bir etkiye sahip olduğunu göstermiştir.

References

  • Aslan, E., Ertürk, S., Demir, H., & Aksoy, O. (2017). Fathers’ attachment status to their infants. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 10(3), 1410–1418.
  • Bawadi, H. A. (2015). Knowledge of fathers’ support during labor: From Arabic fathers’ perspective. Health, 07(11), 1545–1551. [CrossRef]
  • Benli, T. E., & Aksoy, D. Y. (2020). Turkish validity and reliability study of intrauterine Father attachment Scale. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 1–9.
  • Brandão, T., Brites, R., Hipólito, J., Pires, M., Vasconcelos, M. L., & Nunes, O. (2020). Depressive symptoms, dyadic coping, and attachment to the fetus in expectant fathers: A moderated-mediation analysis. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 29(6), 1649–1658. [CrossRef]
  • Camarneiro, A. F. P., & Miranda Justo, J. M. R. (2017). Prenatal attachment and sociodemographic and clinical factors in Portuguese couples. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 35(3), 212-222. DOI: [CrossRef]
  • Chow, S. C., Shao, J., Wang, H., & Lokhnygina, Y. (2018). Sample size calculations on clinical research (p. 13, 3rd edn). CRC Press, Taylor&Francis Group.
  • Condon, J., Corkindale, C., Boyce, P., & Gamble, E. (2013). A longitudinal study of father-to-infant attachment: Antecedents and correlates. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 31(1), 15–30. [CrossRef]
  • De Mendonça, J. S., Raad Bussab, V. S., Lucci, T. K., & Kärtner, J. (2015). Father–child interactional synchrony in Brazilian families with maternal depression. Human Ethology Bulletin, 30(1), 121–138.
  • Dönmez, S., & Gümüşsoy, S. (2019). Development of the father’s attachment scale in intrauterine period. Kocaeli Medical Journal, 8(2), 13–19. [CrossRef]
  • Esposito, G., Setoh, P., Shinohara, K., & Bornstein, M. H. (2017). The development of attachment: Integrating genes, brain, behavior, and environment. Behavioural Brain Research, 325(B), 87–89. [CrossRef]
  • Fletcher, R., May, C., & St. George, J. (2014). A fathers prenatal relationship with “their” baby and “her” pregnancy—Implications for antenatal education. International Journal of Birth & Parent Education, 1(3), 23–22.
  • Gibbs, B. G., Forste, R., & Lybbert, E. (2018). Breastfeeding, parenting, and infant attachment behaviors. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 22(4), 579–588. [CrossRef]
  • Göbel, A., Barkmann, C., Goletzke, J., Hecher, K., Schulte-Markwort, M., Arck, P., Diemert, A., & Mudra, S. (2020). Psychometric properties of 13-item versions of the maternal and paternal antenatal attachment scales in German. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 38(4), 455–467. [CrossRef]
  • Hildingsson, I., Johansson, M., Fenwick, J., Haines, H., & Rubertsson, C. (2014). Childbirth fear in expectant fathers: Findings from a regional Swedish cohort study. Midwifery, 30(2), 242–247. [CrossRef]
  • Karakulak, A. H., & Alparslan, Ö. (2016). Anne-bebek bağlanma ölçeğinin Türk toplumuna uyarlanması: Aydın örneği. Journal of Contemporary Medicine, 6(3), 188–199.
  • Koptur, A., & Güner Emül, T. (2017). Fetüs ve yenidoğanda bağlanmanın iki yüzü: Maternal ve paternal bağlanma ve hemşirelik. Ege Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi Dergisi, 33(3), 153–164.
  • Köse, D., Çınar, N., Altınkaynak, S. (2013). Yenidoğanın anne ve baba ile bağlanma süreci. Sürekli Tıp Eğitim Dergisi, 22(6), 239-245.
  • Li, T., Guo, N., Jiang, H., & Eldadah, M. (2019). Breastfeeding self-efficacy among parturient women in Shanghai: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Human Lactation, 35(3), 583–591. [CrossRef]
  • Nelas, P., Gandara, D., Chaves, C., Coutinho, E., Cruz, C., & Ferreira, M. (2016). Father/baby bonding: Impact of vulnerability to stress. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences, 246–253. [CrossRef]
  • Nosrati, A., Mirzakhani, K., Golmakani, N., Esmaeily, H., Mohsen, S., & Nekah, A. (2018). The effect of paternal-fetal attachment training on marital satisfaction during pregnancy. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, 6, 1132–1140.
  • Pisoni, C., Garafoli, F., Tzialla, C., Orcesi, S., Spinillo, A., Politi, P., & Stronati, M. (2015). Complexity of parental prenatal attachment during pregnancy at risk for preterm delivery. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 1(6).
  • Rollè, L., Giordano, M., Santoniccolo, F., & Trombetta, T. (2020). Prenatal attachment and perinatal depression: A Systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8), 2644. [CrossRef]
  • Salehi, K., Taleghani, F., & Kohan, S. (2019). Effect of attachment-based interventions on prenatal attachment: A protocol for systematic review. Reproductive Health, 16(1), 42. [CrossRef]
  • Şahin, H., & Demiriz, S. (2014). The investigation of the relationshıp between the perception of fatherhood role and the participation into family participation activities. Journal of Turkish Social Research, 18(1), 273–294.
  • Türk Düdükcü, F., & Taş Aslan, F. (2020). Paternal-infant attachment and determination of factors affecting attachment. Archives of Health Science and Research, 7(1), 43–49.
  • Türkmen, H., & Güler, S. (2022). Factors Affecting intrauterine paternalfoetal attachment and the responsibility status of fathers concerning mothers and babies. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 40(5), 451–464. [CrossRef]
  • Verny, T., & Kelly, J. (2016). The secret life of the unborn child. In Ç Erendag (Eds.), Anatolialit. Kuraldışı Yayıncılık.
  • Vreeswijk, C. M. J. M., Maas, A. J. B. M., Rijk, C. H. A. M., & van Bakel, H. J. A. (2014). Fathers’ experiences during pregnancy: Paternal prenatal attachment and representations of the fetus. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 15(2), 129–137. [CrossRef]
  • Yang, X., Gao, L. L., Ip, W. Y., & Sally Chan, W. C. (2016). Predictors of breastfeeding self-efficacy in the immediate postpartum period: Acrosssectional study. Midwifery, 41, 1–8. [CrossRef]
  • Yılmaz, S. D., & Beji, N. K. (2013). Prenatal Bağlanma Envanteri’nin Türkçe’ye uyarlanması: Güvenilirlik ve geçerlilik çalışması. Journal of Anatolia Nursing and Health Sciences, 16(2), 103–109.
  • Yogman, M., Garfield, C. F., & COMMITTEE ON PSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECTS OF CHILD AND FAMILY HEALTH (2016). Fathers’ Roles in the Care and Development of Their Children: The Role of Pediatricians. Pediatrics, 138(1), e20161128. [CrossRef]

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Midwifery (Other)
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Süreyya GÜMÜŞSOY

Sevgül DÖNMEZ

Nursel ALP DAL

Early Pub Date October 26, 2023
Publication Date October 26, 2023
Submission Date February 16, 2023
Acceptance Date April 24, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 6 Issue: 3

Cite

APA GÜMÜŞSOY, S., DÖNMEZ, S., & ALP DAL, N. (2023). Investigation of the Level of Attachment of Fathers to the Fetus and Factors Affecting Such Attachment in the Prenatal Period. Ebelik Ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 6(3), 150-158.
AMA GÜMÜŞSOY S, DÖNMEZ S, ALP DAL N. Investigation of the Level of Attachment of Fathers to the Fetus and Factors Affecting Such Attachment in the Prenatal Period. Ebelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. October 2023;6(3):150-158.
Chicago GÜMÜŞSOY, Süreyya, Sevgül DÖNMEZ, and Nursel ALP DAL. “Investigation of the Level of Attachment of Fathers to the Fetus and Factors Affecting Such Attachment in the Prenatal Period”. Ebelik Ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 6, no. 3 (October 2023): 150-58.
EndNote GÜMÜŞSOY S, DÖNMEZ S, ALP DAL N (October 1, 2023) Investigation of the Level of Attachment of Fathers to the Fetus and Factors Affecting Such Attachment in the Prenatal Period. Ebelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 6 3 150–158.
IEEE S. GÜMÜŞSOY, S. DÖNMEZ, and N. ALP DAL, “Investigation of the Level of Attachment of Fathers to the Fetus and Factors Affecting Such Attachment in the Prenatal Period”, Ebelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 150–158, 2023.
ISNAD GÜMÜŞSOY, Süreyya et al. “Investigation of the Level of Attachment of Fathers to the Fetus and Factors Affecting Such Attachment in the Prenatal Period”. Ebelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 6/3 (October 2023), 150-158.
JAMA GÜMÜŞSOY S, DÖNMEZ S, ALP DAL N. Investigation of the Level of Attachment of Fathers to the Fetus and Factors Affecting Such Attachment in the Prenatal Period. Ebelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2023;6:150–158.
MLA GÜMÜŞSOY, Süreyya et al. “Investigation of the Level of Attachment of Fathers to the Fetus and Factors Affecting Such Attachment in the Prenatal Period”. Ebelik Ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, vol. 6, no. 3, 2023, pp. 150-8.
Vancouver GÜMÜŞSOY S, DÖNMEZ S, ALP DAL N. Investigation of the Level of Attachment of Fathers to the Fetus and Factors Affecting Such Attachment in the Prenatal Period. Ebelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2023;6(3):150-8.

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