►►Ethical Rules◄◄

1. Clinical and experimental studies on people and animals that require ethical committee decisions for research in all branches of science must obtain ethics committee approval separately for the following items:
- All kinds of research conducted with qualitative or quantitative approaches that require data collection from participants using survey, interview, focus group work, observation, experiment, interview techniques;
- Use of humans and animals (including material / data) for experimental or other scientific purposes;
- Clinical research on humans;
- Researches on animals;
- Retrospective studies under the law of protection of personal data.
These approvals must be stated and documented in the article.
Information about the approvals (board name, date and number no) should be included in the "Method" section of the article and also on the first / last page.
During the article submission, the Ethics Committee Approval file should be uploaded to the system in addition to the article file.
In addition, in the case reports, information about the volunteer informed / consent form should be signed and included in the article.

2. It should be stated in the article whether it is necessary to obtain legal / special permission. If the study includes application made in an institution, it should be clearly stated on which date and with which decision or number of permission has been obtained from the relevant institution.

3. For the use of experiments, questionnaires, and photographs of other authors, permission must be obtained from the owners, and this must be stated in the article (citing the source).

4. As a result of the analysis of the iThenticate Article similarities programs, the total level of similarity must be under 25%.

5. Ethical rules for Author, Referee, and Editor

Authors: Only those who contribute to the study should be considered as authors. At the end of the article, the conflict of interest with the authors' contribution rates should be declared.

Referees: Referees regarding conflict of interest if they fall into any doubt regarding the evaluation process should consult the Editor. In order to prevent conflicts of interest, the article authors and the referees should not be working in the same institution.

Editors: The Editor or Field-Editor appoints at least 2 (preferably 3) people from different institutions as referees to evaluate the article. The names of the referees evaluating the articles are not reported to the authors (blind peer review). In addition, referees are guaranteed to evaluate the articles without seeing the author's names (double-blind peer review). The Editor or Field-Editor is responsible for managing the referee evaluation process of articles and has the right to reject the article in case of any conflict of interest.

6. The articles should include the statement that Research and Publication Ethics have been followed.

7. In scientific articles sent to journals, ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors) recommendations and International Standards for Editors and Authors of COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) should be taken into consideration.

8. Original ideas and used artwork must be in compliance with copyright regulations.

9. At the end of the article; Declaration of "Contribution of Researchers", "Support" or "Acknowledgment" and "Conflict of Interest", if any, must be stated.

In the article, the contribution of each author to the research should be stated under the title of "Contribution of Researchers/Authors". The names of the authors will be added at the layout stage.

In the "Support" or "Acknowledgment" heading, support can be specified if the study was supported by an institution or Scientific Research Project. In addition, if someone other than the authors contributed to the data collection or other phases of the research, it can be acknowledged.

In order to clarify the issue of conflict of interest, the authors should declared at the end of the article whether there are any "Conflicts of Interest".

NOTE: For research data collected before 2020, produced from postgraduate / doctoral studies (/it should be specified in the article/), no retrospective ethics permit is required for articles submitted to the journal in the previous year, that are accepted but still not published.