Year 2020, Volume 6 , Issue 6, Pages 545 - 552 2020-11-04

Relationship between ocular and computed tomography findings in patients with spina bifida

Onur TEMİZSOYLU [1] , Alev KOÇKAR [2] , İbrahim ALATAŞ [3] , Hüseyin CANAZ [4] , Elvan Alper ŞENGÜL [5] , Erdal YÜZBAŞIOĞLU [6]


Objectives: Spina bifida is one of the most common congenital diseases in Turkey and around the world. Despite the developing diagnostic and therapeutic methods, abnormal ocular characteristicsin spina bifida patients are still quite common. We investigated the ocular characteristics of spina bifida patients with and without hydrocephalus.

Methods: We included 37 patients who were previously referred to the Istanbul Bilim University, Department of Ophthalmology and already had computed tomography (CT) scans. We retrospectively investigated the patients’ ophthalmologic findings (refractive errors, strabismus, and optic disc characteristics) and used their recent CT images to measure the Evans ratios (ERs), which indirectly reflect the grade of hydrocephalus. The patients were divided into three groups according to their ERs (ER ≤ 0.3, 0.3-0.5, and ≥ 0.5), and then the ocular characteristics of these groups were compared. In addition, the patients were divided into three groups according to their ages ( ≤ 1 year, 1-3 years, and ≥ 3 years), and the ERs and rates of refraction defects in these groups were compared.

Results: There was no relationship between specific ocular characteristics and ER or between age and ER. However, refraction errors were observed more fr equently as patient age increased.

Conclusions: The degree of hydrocephalus does not affect the ocular characteristics of patients with spina bifida, but emmetropization may be deteriorated in these patients.

Spina bifida, ocular findings, computed tomography, emmetropization
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Primary Language en
Subjects Ophthalmology, Neurosciences
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-5950-9790
Author: Onur TEMİZSOYLU (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Ophthalmology, Erzurum Region Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6346-9239
Author: Alev KOÇKAR
Institution: Department of Ophthalmology, İstanbul Bilim University, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4852-3451
Author: İbrahim ALATAŞ
Institution: Department of Neurosurgery, İstanbul Bilim University, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4334-7621
Author: Hüseyin CANAZ
Institution: Department of Neurosurgery, İstanbul Bilim University, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0004-5930-1140
Author: Elvan Alper ŞENGÜL
Institution: Department of Ophthalmology, İstanbul Bilim University, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0012-8325-6392
Author: Erdal YÜZBAŞIOĞLU
Institution: Department of Ophthalmology, İstanbul Bilim University, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : March 3, 2019
Acceptance Date : June 26, 2019
Publication Date : November 4, 2020

EndNote %0 The European Research Journal Relationship between ocular and computed tomography findings in patients with spina bifida %A Onur Temi̇zsoylu , Alev Koçkar , İbrahim Alataş , Hüseyin Canaz , Elvan Alper Şengül , Erdal Yüzbaşıoğlu %T Relationship between ocular and computed tomography findings in patients with spina bifida %D 2020 %J The European Research Journal %P -2149-3189 %V 6 %N 6 %R doi: 10.18621/eurj.534872 %U 10.18621/eurj.534872