Year 2021, Volume 8 , Issue 1, Pages 19 - 26 2021-03-31

Investigation of Tomato, Quince and Grapefruit Waste; Compositions and Functional Properties

Zeynep AKŞİT [1] , Hüseyin GENÇCELEP [2]


The food industry constantly growing with increasing population and food diversity. In addition to production, the formation of food waste is also increasing. These wastes cause environmental pollution, economical problems and the loss of valuable chemical com-ponents. Tomato is used for tomato paste, sauce and other food production; especially the skin and seed part of tomato is waste. Grapefruit and quince have a significant amount of waste, especially in the beverage industry. The reuse of these wastes can reduce the exposu-re of solid waste, the environmental problem and the recovery of the bioactive components. In this study, some physicochemical, functional and thermal properties of quince, grapef-ruit and tomato waste were determined and their reuse potential was revealed. All three samples showed high hydration properties. According to the dietary fiber analysis, TDF of quince, grapefruit and tomato were 87.90%, 90.34%, and 63.76% respectively. DTG and TGA chromatograms were obtained for the thermal decomposition of the samples. Tomato waste signaled lycopene and its derivatives as distinct from the other samples in the FT-IR spectrum. Based on the results of the study; the use of these wastes in many food products as hydrocolloid, filler, fat replacer is possible, also cost reduction may be possible with the recovery of these samples.
Food waste, Tomato, Quince, Grapefruit, Dietary fiber, DTC, FT-IR
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0349-0223
Author: Zeynep AKŞİT
Institution: ERZINCAN BINALI YILDIRIM UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8689-7722
Author: Hüseyin GENÇCELEP
Institution: ONDOKUZ MAYIS UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : September 18, 2020
Acceptance Date : January 17, 2021
Publication Date : March 31, 2021

Bibtex @research article { hjse907464, journal = {Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-4171}, address = {Hitit Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Kuzey Kampüsü Çevre Yolu Bulvarı 19030 Çorum / TÜRKİYE}, publisher = {Hitit University}, year = {2021}, volume = {8}, pages = {19 - 26}, doi = {10.17350/HJSE19030000208}, title = {Investigation of Tomato, Quince and Grapefruit Waste; Compositions and Functional Properties}, key = {cite}, author = {Akşit, Zeynep and Gençcelep, Hüseyin} }
APA Akşit, Z , Gençcelep, H . (2021). Investigation of Tomato, Quince and Grapefruit Waste; Compositions and Functional Properties . Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering , 8 (1) , 19-26 . DOI: 10.17350/HJSE19030000208
MLA Akşit, Z , Gençcelep, H . "Investigation of Tomato, Quince and Grapefruit Waste; Compositions and Functional Properties" . Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering 8 (2021 ): 19-26 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/hjse/issue/61101/907464>
Chicago Akşit, Z , Gençcelep, H . "Investigation of Tomato, Quince and Grapefruit Waste; Compositions and Functional Properties". Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering 8 (2021 ): 19-26
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of Tomato, Quince and Grapefruit Waste; Compositions and Functional Properties AU - Zeynep Akşit , Hüseyin Gençcelep Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17350/HJSE19030000208 DO - 10.17350/HJSE19030000208 T2 - Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 19 EP - 26 VL - 8 IS - 1 SN - -2148-4171 M3 - doi: 10.17350/HJSE19030000208 UR - https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000208 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering Investigation of Tomato, Quince and Grapefruit Waste; Compositions and Functional Properties %A Zeynep Akşit , Hüseyin Gençcelep %T Investigation of Tomato, Quince and Grapefruit Waste; Compositions and Functional Properties %D 2021 %J Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering %P -2148-4171 %V 8 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17350/HJSE19030000208 %U 10.17350/HJSE19030000208
ISNAD Akşit, Zeynep , Gençcelep, Hüseyin . "Investigation of Tomato, Quince and Grapefruit Waste; Compositions and Functional Properties". Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering 8 / 1 (March 2021): 19-26 . https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000208
AMA Akşit Z , Gençcelep H . Investigation of Tomato, Quince and Grapefruit Waste; Compositions and Functional Properties. Hittite J Sci Eng. 2021; 8(1): 19-26.
Vancouver Akşit Z , Gençcelep H . Investigation of Tomato, Quince and Grapefruit Waste; Compositions and Functional Properties. Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 2021; 8(1): 19-26.
IEEE Z. Akşit and H. Gençcelep , "Investigation of Tomato, Quince and Grapefruit Waste; Compositions and Functional Properties", Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 19-26, Mar. 2021, doi:10.17350/HJSE19030000208