Year 2020, Volume 12 , Issue 1, Pages 75 - 97 2020-06-08

Using Numbers to Persuade: Hidden Rhetoric of Statistics

Sıdıka BAŞÇI [1] , Nadia HASSAN [2]


Philosophy of current knowledge distinguishes facts from values. It maintains that facts are objective, indisputable, universally verifiable and do not require to persuade. Since rhetoric is persuasion it is assumed to be deceptive and overlook reality. Therefore, statistics in its current form disregards rhetoric and emphasizes only numbers. It ignores meanings and interpretation of numbers that involve subjectivity and value judgements. In real world, numbers and values are entangled in a way that it becomes impossible to avoid subjectivity. So, it is used with an appearance of objectivity. We illustrate how apparently objective statistics conceal subjective choices. Most of real-world experiences cannot be reduced to numbers, but scientific approach compels us to measure everything. In the attempt to measure the unmeasurables like trust, intelligence and wealth etc.it is inevitable make subjective choices. There is no objective way to reduce multiple measures into one. In the field of economics values are involved even in seemingly indisputable numbers like GDP. It is value laden for the choice of factors, weights and their signs. Making comparisons on such measures without awareness have harmful implications for policy development. Moreover, it is also desirable to understand hidden values to avoid deception.
Data Interpretation, Wealth of Nations, Gross Domestic Product
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Primary Language en
Subjects Economics
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Sıdıka BAŞÇI (Primary Author)
Institution: YILDIRIM BEYAZIT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Author: Nadia HASSAN
Institution: International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Country: Pakistan


Dates

Publication Date : June 8, 2020

Bibtex @research article { ier747554, journal = {International Econometric Review}, issn = {1308-8793}, eissn = {1308-8815}, address = {Şairler Sokak, No:32/C, Gaziosmanpaşa, Ankara}, publisher = {Econometric Research Association}, year = {2020}, volume = {12}, pages = {75 - 97}, doi = {10.33818/ier.747554}, title = {Using Numbers to Persuade: Hidden Rhetoric of Statistics}, key = {cite}, author = {Başçı, Sıdıka and Hassan, Nadia} }
APA Başçı, S , Hassan, N . (2020). Using Numbers to Persuade: Hidden Rhetoric of Statistics . International Econometric Review , 12 (1) , 75-97 . DOI: 10.33818/ier.747554
MLA Başçı, S , Hassan, N . "Using Numbers to Persuade: Hidden Rhetoric of Statistics" . International Econometric Review 12 (2020 ): 75-97 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ier/issue/54778/747554>
Chicago Başçı, S , Hassan, N . "Using Numbers to Persuade: Hidden Rhetoric of Statistics". International Econometric Review 12 (2020 ): 75-97
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Using Numbers to Persuade: Hidden Rhetoric of Statistics AU - Sıdıka Başçı , Nadia Hassan Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33818/ier.747554 DO - 10.33818/ier.747554 T2 - International Econometric Review JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 75 EP - 97 VL - 12 IS - 1 SN - 1308-8793-1308-8815 M3 - doi: 10.33818/ier.747554 UR - https://doi.org/10.33818/ier.747554 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 International Econometric Review Using Numbers to Persuade: Hidden Rhetoric of Statistics %A Sıdıka Başçı , Nadia Hassan %T Using Numbers to Persuade: Hidden Rhetoric of Statistics %D 2020 %J International Econometric Review %P 1308-8793-1308-8815 %V 12 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33818/ier.747554 %U 10.33818/ier.747554
ISNAD Başçı, Sıdıka , Hassan, Nadia . "Using Numbers to Persuade: Hidden Rhetoric of Statistics". International Econometric Review 12 / 1 (June 2020): 75-97 . https://doi.org/10.33818/ier.747554
AMA Başçı S , Hassan N . Using Numbers to Persuade: Hidden Rhetoric of Statistics. IER. 2020; 12(1): 75-97.
Vancouver Başçı S , Hassan N . Using Numbers to Persuade: Hidden Rhetoric of Statistics. International Econometric Review. 2020; 12(1): 75-97.