In the container transportation, shipping operators are to frequently use own containers for the transportation facilities. Such approaches, however, sometimes may not lead to true decision because of high first investment cost or investment risk in terms of shipping operators. In this situation, shipping operators can hire container for a while or support to use shipper own container with promotive freight rate, container charges etc. Therefore, both the carriers could find an affordable and a sustainable solution to equipment bottleneck and the customers could enable to get more economical service. Especially, in the increasing competition and decreasing profit margin of container transportation, this decision can provide an advantage, but investment-balance should be well established. In this study, author aims to compose of optimal decision-making mechanism for container investment, container hiring or using shipper own container via type 2-fuzzy TOPSIS based on cost-benefit-profitability. The findings of study shows that the shipping operators frequently use their own container due to economic return of containers and most of them have not any encouraging approach towards using shipper’s own container. Specifically, the using shipper own container and encouragement of using in the destination, which have difficulty to ensure empty container, could provide cost advantage to operators. A key policy priority in shipper own container using should therefore be to plan for some special cases.
|Publication Date||April 28, 2022|
|Acceptance Date||December 25, 2020|
|Published in Issue||Year 2022 Volume: 9 Issue: 1|
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)