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Para Kazanma Motivasyonunun Materyalist Değerler Üzerine Etkisi

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, 383 - 398, 30.10.2022
https://doi.org/10.17336/igusbd.813824

Abstract

Günümüzde para kazanma olgusu, iş hayatına yeni girecek bireylerin önemli motivasyonlarından biridir. Bunun yanı sıra para, temsil ettiği güç nedeniyle de tüketim toplumlarında daha önemli hale gelmiştir. Bireyler toplum nezdinde bir sosyal konum elde edebilmek, diğerlerini etkilemek ya da egemenlik kurmak için parayı kullanmakta ve maddi varlıkların edinimi aracılığıyla ürün ve hizmet satın alarak, varlığını ve sosyal gücünü diğerlerine sergilemektedir. Bu esinle çalışmanın amacı, para kazanma motivasyonunun materyalist değerlerin bileşenleri olan başarı, mutluluk ve merkeziyetçilik üzerindeki etkileri incelemektir. Bu amaç doğrultusunda araştırma, basit rastlantısal örnekleme yöntemiyle ve anket aracılığıyla Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi’nde toplanan veriler kapsamında gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmaya üniversitede eğitim gören 406 öğrenci katılmıştır. Araştırma neticesinde, para kazanma motivasyonunun materyalist değerlerin bileşenlerinden başarı, mutluluk ve merkeziyetçilik üzerinde pozitif yönde anlamlı bir etkiye sahip olduğu yönünde bulgulara ulaşılmıştır. Para kazanma motivasyonunun, materyalist değerler bileşenleri üzerinde en güçlü etkiye sahip olandan en zayıf etkiye sahip olana doğru; başarı (R2=0,14), mutluluk (R2=0,12) ve merkeziyetçilik (R2=0,10) şeklinde sıralanmaktadır. 

References

  • ALLEN, V. L., VAN DE VLIERT, E. (1984). A role theoretical perspective on transitional processes. In Role Transitions (ss. 3-18). Springer, Boston, MA.
  • ASLAN, H., ASLAN, M. (2017). Uzun süreli işsizlik ve etkileri üzerine karşılaştırmalı bir analiz. Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 15(4), 103-132.
  • BAYRAM, N. (2010). Yapısal eşitlik modellemesine giriş amos uygulamaları. İstanbul: Ezgi Kitabevi.
  • BELK, R. W. (1984). Three scales to measure constructs related to materialism: Reliability, validity, and relationships to measures of happiness. ACR North American Advances, 11, 291-297.
  • BELK, R. W. (1985). Materialism: Trait aspects of living in the material world. Journal of Consumer Research, 12(3), 265-280.
  • BINDAH, E. V., OTHMAN, M. N. (2011). The role of family communication and television viewing in the development of materialistic values among young adults. A review. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(23), 238-248.
  • BLACK, D. (2010). The behavior of law. Emerald Group Publishing.
  • BUIJZEN, M., VALKENBURG, P. M. (2003). The effects of television advertising on materialism, parent–child conflict, and unhappiness: A review of research. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 24(4), 437-456.
  • BURROUGHS, J. E., RINDFLEISCH, A. (2002). Materialism and well-being: A conflicting values perspective. Journal of Consumer research, 29(3), 348-370.
  • CHU, S. C., WINDELS, K., KAMAL, S. (2016). The influence of self-construal and materialism on social media intensity: A study of China and the United States. International Journal of Advertising, 35(3), 569-588.
  • CHRISTOPHER, A. N., SALIBA, L., DEADMARSH, E. J. (2009). Materialism and well-being: The mediating effect of locus of control. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(7), 682-686.
  • DECKOP, J. R., JURKIEWICZ, C. L., GIACALONE, R. A. (2010). Effects of materialism on work-related personal well-being. Human Relations, 63(7), 1007-1030.
  • DIENER, E., BISWAS-DIENER, R. (2002). Will money increase subjective well-being?. Social Indicators Research, 57(2), 119-169.
  • DIENER, E., SELIGMAN, M. E. (2004). Beyond money: Toward an economy of well-being. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 5(1), 1-31.
  • DURVASULA, S., LYSONSKI, S. (2007). Money attitudes, materialism, and achievement vanity: An investigation of young Chinese consumers’ perceptions. International Marketing Conference on Marketing ve Society. 6(1), 497-499.
  • EAGLETON, C., CRIBB, J., ERRINGTON, E., WILLIAMS, D. J. (2007). Money: A history. Firefly Books.
  • FELDMAN, F. L. (1957). A new look at the family and its money. Journal of Home Economics, 49(10), 767-772.
  • FORNELL, C. LARCKER, D. F. (1981). Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error: Algebra and statistics. SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA.
  • FURNHAM, A., ARGYLE, M. (1998). The psychology of money. Psychology Press.
  • GARSON, G. D. (2008). “Factor Analysis” from Statnotes: Topics in Multivariate Analysis. 02 Ağustos 2020 tarihinde https://faculty.chass.ncsu.edu/garson/PA765/statnote.htm web adresinden erişildi.
  • GIDDENS, J. L., SCHERMER, J. A., VERNON, P. A. (2009). Material values are largely in the family: A twin study of genetic and environmental contributions to materialism. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(4), 428-431.
  • GOLDBERG, H., LEWIS, R. T. (2000). Money madness: The psychology of saving, spending, loving, and hating money. Wellness Institute, Inc.
  • GOLDSTEIN, A. L., VILHENA-CHURCHILL, N., STEWART, S. H., HOAKEN, P. N. S., FLETT, G. L. (2016). Mood, motives, and money: An examination of factors that differentiate online and non-online young adult gamblers. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 5(1), 68-76.
  • GREENBERGER, E., STEINBERG, L. (1986). When teenagers work: The psychological and social costs of adolescent employment. Basic Books.
  • HAIR, J. F., ANDERSON, R. E., BABIN, B. J. BLACK, W. C. (2010). Multivariate data analysis: A global perspective (Vol. 7). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
  • KIM, D., JANG, S. S. (2014). Motivational drivers for status consumption: A study of Generation Y consumers. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 38, 39-47.
  • KLINE, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York, NY, The Guilford Press.
  • LAU, S. (1998). Money: What it means to children and adults. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 26(3), 297-306.
  • LEE, M. Y., KNIGHT, D., KIM, Y. K. (2008). Brand analysis of a US global brand in comparison with domestic brands in Mexico, Korea, and Japan. Journal of Product and Brand Management, 17(3), 163-174.
  • LOCKE, E. A. (1976). The nature and causes of job satisfaction. Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology. Chicago: RandMc Narlly, 2(5), 360-580.
  • MALKA, A., CHATMAN, J. A. (2003). Intrinsic and extrinsic work orientations as moderators of the effect of annual income on subjective well-being: A longitudinal study. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(6), 737-746.
  • MAYER, S. E. (1997). Well-Being and Parental Employment. Indicators of Children's Well-being, 237-257.
  • MCCRYSTAL, P., PERCY, A., HIGGINS, K. (2007). The cost of drug use in adolescence: Young people, money and substance abuse. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 14(1), 19-28.
  • MEYDAN, C., ŞEŞEN, H. (2015). Yapısal Eşitlik Modeli AMOS Uygulamaları. Detay Yayıncılık: Ankara.
  • MISHRA, M., MISHRA, B. B. (2011). A quantitative assessment of materialistic value and its relationship with consumer behavior in Indian culture. IUP Journal of Marketing Management, 10(2), 33.
  • MORTIMER, J. T., FINCH, M. D., RYU, S., SHANAHAN, M. J., CALL, K. T. (1996). The effects of work intensity on adolescent mental health, achievement, and behavioral adjustment: New evidence from a prospective study. Child Development, 67(3), 1243-1261.
  • MUELLER, A., MITCHELL, J. E., PETERSON, L. A., FABER, R. J., STEFFEN, K. J., CROSBY, R. D., CLAES, L. (2011). Depression, materialism, and excessive Internet use in relation to compulsive buying. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 52(4), 420-424.
  • NEUMAN, W. L. (2006). Toplumsal araştırma yöntemleri. Nitel ve Nicel Yaklaşımlar. (S. Özge, Çev.). İstanbul: Yayın Odası, 2.
  • PHAU, I., CHEONG, E. (2009). How young adult consumers evaluate diffusion brands: effects of brand loyalty and status consumption. Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 21(2), 109-123.
  • PIACENTINI, M., MAILER, G. (2004). Symbolic consumption in teenagers' clothing choices. Journal of Consumer Behaviour: An International Research Review, 3(3), 251-262.
  • PIETERS, R. (2013). Bidirectional dynamics of materialism and loneliness: Not just a vicious cycle. Journal of Consumer Research, 40(4), 615-631.
  • PODOSHEN, J. S., LI, L., ZHANG, J. (2011). Materialism and conspicuous consumption in China: A cross‐cultural examination. International journal of consumer studies, 35(1), 17-25.
  • QUADIR, S. E. (2012). Materyalist Değer Eğiliminin Gelişiminde Tüketici Sosyalizasyonunun Rolü. Eğitim ve İnsani Bilimler Dergisi: Teori ve Uygulama, (6), 31-50.
  • RICHINS, M., FOURNIER, S. (1991). Some theoretical and popular notions concerning materialism. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 6(6), 403-414.
  • RICHINS, M. L., DAWSON, S. (1992). A consumer values orientation for materialism and its measurement: Scale development and validation. Journal of consumer research, 19(3), 303-316.
  • RICHINS, M. L. (2004). The material values scale: Measurement properties and development of a short form. Journal of Consumer Research, 31(1), 209-219.
  • ROBERTS, J. A., JONES, E. (2001). Money attitudes, credit card use, and compulsive buying among American college students. Journal of Consumer Affairs, 35(2), 213-240.
  • ROBERTS, J. A., PIROG, S. F. (2013). A preliminary investigation of materialism and impulsiveness as predictors of technological addictions among young adults. J Behav Addict, 2(1), 56-62.
  • RYAN, L., DZIURAWIEC, S. (2001). Materialism and its relationship to life satisfaction. Social Indicators Research, 55(2), 185-197.
  • SAHAY, A., SHARMA, N. (2010). Brand relationships and switching behaviour for highly used products in young consumers. Vikalpa, 35(1), 15-30.
  • SIRGY, M. J., GUREL-ATAY, E., WEBB, D., CICIC, M., HUSIC, M., EKICI, A., JOHAR, J. S. (2012). Linking advertising, materialism, and life satisfaction. Social Indicators Research, 107(1), 79-101.
  • SPITZER, M. (2008). It is more blessed to give than to receive 2.0 - How one gives money, in order to be happy. Nervenheilkunde, 27(6), 495-516.
  • SRIVASTAVA, A., LOCKE, E. A., BARTOL, K. M. (2001). Money and subjective well-being: it's not the money, it's the motives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(6), 959.
  • TABACHNICK, B. G., FIDELL, L. S., ULLMAN, J. B. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (Vol. 5): Pearson Boston, MA.
  • TABACHNICK, B. G., FIDELL, L. S., OSTERLIND, S. J. (2011). Using multivariate statistics. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
  • TAN, J. P. Y., NJAUW, M., TANG, C. S. K. (2018). A Study on the Relationship among Materialism, Social Media Addiction, and Compulsive Buying: A Comparison of US High School and College Students. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 7, 150-150.
  • TOPP, N. W., PAWLOSKI, B. (2002). Online data collection. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 11(2), 173-178.
  • VILLARDEFRANCOS, E., OTERO-LÓPEZ, J. M. (2016). Compulsive buying in university students: its prevalence and relationships with materialism, psychological distress symptoms, and subjective well-being. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 65, 128-135.
  • WARD, S., WACKMAN, D. (1971). Family and media influences on adolescent consumer learning. American Behavioral Scientist, 14(3), 415-427.
  • WATTANASUWAN, K., ELLIOTT, R. (1999). The Buddhist self and symbolic consumption: The consumption experience of the teenage Dhammakaya Buddhists in Thailand. ACR North American Advances
  • WILKINSON, R. G. (2002). Unhealthy societies: the afflictions of inequality. Routledge.
  • WORTHINGTON, R. L., WHITTAKER, T. A. (2006). Scale development research: A content analysis and recommendations for best practices. The Counseling Psychologist, 34(6), 806-838.
  • WRIGHT, N. D., LARSEN, V. (1993). Materialism and life satisfaction: A meta-analysis. Journal of Consumer Satisfaction, Dissatisfaction, and Complaining Behavior, 6(1), 158-165.

The Effect of Making Money Motivations on Materialist Values

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, 383 - 398, 30.10.2022
https://doi.org/10.17336/igusbd.813824

Abstract

Today, the phenomenon of earn money is one of the important motivations of individuals who are new in business life. In addition, money has become more important in consumer societies due to having power. Individuals use money to gain social standing in society, influence others, or dominate, and display their existence and social power to others by purchasing goods and services through the acquisition of material possessions. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of making money motivations on success, happiness and centrality as the components of materialist values. In line with this aim, the study was carried out with the data collected in Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University via surveying using simple random sampling method. The study was conducted via 406 participants who students at this university in this study. The findings of the study indicate that making money motivations have meaningful positive effects on success, happiness and centrality as the components of materialist values. The material values components with the most significant effect on making money motivations are arranged as success (R2=0,14), happiness (R2=0,12), and centrality (R2=0,10) from the strongest to weakest effect on money motivations.

References

  • ALLEN, V. L., VAN DE VLIERT, E. (1984). A role theoretical perspective on transitional processes. In Role Transitions (ss. 3-18). Springer, Boston, MA.
  • ASLAN, H., ASLAN, M. (2017). Uzun süreli işsizlik ve etkileri üzerine karşılaştırmalı bir analiz. Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 15(4), 103-132.
  • BAYRAM, N. (2010). Yapısal eşitlik modellemesine giriş amos uygulamaları. İstanbul: Ezgi Kitabevi.
  • BELK, R. W. (1984). Three scales to measure constructs related to materialism: Reliability, validity, and relationships to measures of happiness. ACR North American Advances, 11, 291-297.
  • BELK, R. W. (1985). Materialism: Trait aspects of living in the material world. Journal of Consumer Research, 12(3), 265-280.
  • BINDAH, E. V., OTHMAN, M. N. (2011). The role of family communication and television viewing in the development of materialistic values among young adults. A review. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(23), 238-248.
  • BLACK, D. (2010). The behavior of law. Emerald Group Publishing.
  • BUIJZEN, M., VALKENBURG, P. M. (2003). The effects of television advertising on materialism, parent–child conflict, and unhappiness: A review of research. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 24(4), 437-456.
  • BURROUGHS, J. E., RINDFLEISCH, A. (2002). Materialism and well-being: A conflicting values perspective. Journal of Consumer research, 29(3), 348-370.
  • CHU, S. C., WINDELS, K., KAMAL, S. (2016). The influence of self-construal and materialism on social media intensity: A study of China and the United States. International Journal of Advertising, 35(3), 569-588.
  • CHRISTOPHER, A. N., SALIBA, L., DEADMARSH, E. J. (2009). Materialism and well-being: The mediating effect of locus of control. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(7), 682-686.
  • DECKOP, J. R., JURKIEWICZ, C. L., GIACALONE, R. A. (2010). Effects of materialism on work-related personal well-being. Human Relations, 63(7), 1007-1030.
  • DIENER, E., BISWAS-DIENER, R. (2002). Will money increase subjective well-being?. Social Indicators Research, 57(2), 119-169.
  • DIENER, E., SELIGMAN, M. E. (2004). Beyond money: Toward an economy of well-being. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 5(1), 1-31.
  • DURVASULA, S., LYSONSKI, S. (2007). Money attitudes, materialism, and achievement vanity: An investigation of young Chinese consumers’ perceptions. International Marketing Conference on Marketing ve Society. 6(1), 497-499.
  • EAGLETON, C., CRIBB, J., ERRINGTON, E., WILLIAMS, D. J. (2007). Money: A history. Firefly Books.
  • FELDMAN, F. L. (1957). A new look at the family and its money. Journal of Home Economics, 49(10), 767-772.
  • FORNELL, C. LARCKER, D. F. (1981). Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error: Algebra and statistics. SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA.
  • FURNHAM, A., ARGYLE, M. (1998). The psychology of money. Psychology Press.
  • GARSON, G. D. (2008). “Factor Analysis” from Statnotes: Topics in Multivariate Analysis. 02 Ağustos 2020 tarihinde https://faculty.chass.ncsu.edu/garson/PA765/statnote.htm web adresinden erişildi.
  • GIDDENS, J. L., SCHERMER, J. A., VERNON, P. A. (2009). Material values are largely in the family: A twin study of genetic and environmental contributions to materialism. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(4), 428-431.
  • GOLDBERG, H., LEWIS, R. T. (2000). Money madness: The psychology of saving, spending, loving, and hating money. Wellness Institute, Inc.
  • GOLDSTEIN, A. L., VILHENA-CHURCHILL, N., STEWART, S. H., HOAKEN, P. N. S., FLETT, G. L. (2016). Mood, motives, and money: An examination of factors that differentiate online and non-online young adult gamblers. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 5(1), 68-76.
  • GREENBERGER, E., STEINBERG, L. (1986). When teenagers work: The psychological and social costs of adolescent employment. Basic Books.
  • HAIR, J. F., ANDERSON, R. E., BABIN, B. J. BLACK, W. C. (2010). Multivariate data analysis: A global perspective (Vol. 7). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
  • KIM, D., JANG, S. S. (2014). Motivational drivers for status consumption: A study of Generation Y consumers. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 38, 39-47.
  • KLINE, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York, NY, The Guilford Press.
  • LAU, S. (1998). Money: What it means to children and adults. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 26(3), 297-306.
  • LEE, M. Y., KNIGHT, D., KIM, Y. K. (2008). Brand analysis of a US global brand in comparison with domestic brands in Mexico, Korea, and Japan. Journal of Product and Brand Management, 17(3), 163-174.
  • LOCKE, E. A. (1976). The nature and causes of job satisfaction. Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology. Chicago: RandMc Narlly, 2(5), 360-580.
  • MALKA, A., CHATMAN, J. A. (2003). Intrinsic and extrinsic work orientations as moderators of the effect of annual income on subjective well-being: A longitudinal study. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(6), 737-746.
  • MAYER, S. E. (1997). Well-Being and Parental Employment. Indicators of Children's Well-being, 237-257.
  • MCCRYSTAL, P., PERCY, A., HIGGINS, K. (2007). The cost of drug use in adolescence: Young people, money and substance abuse. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 14(1), 19-28.
  • MEYDAN, C., ŞEŞEN, H. (2015). Yapısal Eşitlik Modeli AMOS Uygulamaları. Detay Yayıncılık: Ankara.
  • MISHRA, M., MISHRA, B. B. (2011). A quantitative assessment of materialistic value and its relationship with consumer behavior in Indian culture. IUP Journal of Marketing Management, 10(2), 33.
  • MORTIMER, J. T., FINCH, M. D., RYU, S., SHANAHAN, M. J., CALL, K. T. (1996). The effects of work intensity on adolescent mental health, achievement, and behavioral adjustment: New evidence from a prospective study. Child Development, 67(3), 1243-1261.
  • MUELLER, A., MITCHELL, J. E., PETERSON, L. A., FABER, R. J., STEFFEN, K. J., CROSBY, R. D., CLAES, L. (2011). Depression, materialism, and excessive Internet use in relation to compulsive buying. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 52(4), 420-424.
  • NEUMAN, W. L. (2006). Toplumsal araştırma yöntemleri. Nitel ve Nicel Yaklaşımlar. (S. Özge, Çev.). İstanbul: Yayın Odası, 2.
  • PHAU, I., CHEONG, E. (2009). How young adult consumers evaluate diffusion brands: effects of brand loyalty and status consumption. Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 21(2), 109-123.
  • PIACENTINI, M., MAILER, G. (2004). Symbolic consumption in teenagers' clothing choices. Journal of Consumer Behaviour: An International Research Review, 3(3), 251-262.
  • PIETERS, R. (2013). Bidirectional dynamics of materialism and loneliness: Not just a vicious cycle. Journal of Consumer Research, 40(4), 615-631.
  • PODOSHEN, J. S., LI, L., ZHANG, J. (2011). Materialism and conspicuous consumption in China: A cross‐cultural examination. International journal of consumer studies, 35(1), 17-25.
  • QUADIR, S. E. (2012). Materyalist Değer Eğiliminin Gelişiminde Tüketici Sosyalizasyonunun Rolü. Eğitim ve İnsani Bilimler Dergisi: Teori ve Uygulama, (6), 31-50.
  • RICHINS, M., FOURNIER, S. (1991). Some theoretical and popular notions concerning materialism. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 6(6), 403-414.
  • RICHINS, M. L., DAWSON, S. (1992). A consumer values orientation for materialism and its measurement: Scale development and validation. Journal of consumer research, 19(3), 303-316.
  • RICHINS, M. L. (2004). The material values scale: Measurement properties and development of a short form. Journal of Consumer Research, 31(1), 209-219.
  • ROBERTS, J. A., JONES, E. (2001). Money attitudes, credit card use, and compulsive buying among American college students. Journal of Consumer Affairs, 35(2), 213-240.
  • ROBERTS, J. A., PIROG, S. F. (2013). A preliminary investigation of materialism and impulsiveness as predictors of technological addictions among young adults. J Behav Addict, 2(1), 56-62.
  • RYAN, L., DZIURAWIEC, S. (2001). Materialism and its relationship to life satisfaction. Social Indicators Research, 55(2), 185-197.
  • SAHAY, A., SHARMA, N. (2010). Brand relationships and switching behaviour for highly used products in young consumers. Vikalpa, 35(1), 15-30.
  • SIRGY, M. J., GUREL-ATAY, E., WEBB, D., CICIC, M., HUSIC, M., EKICI, A., JOHAR, J. S. (2012). Linking advertising, materialism, and life satisfaction. Social Indicators Research, 107(1), 79-101.
  • SPITZER, M. (2008). It is more blessed to give than to receive 2.0 - How one gives money, in order to be happy. Nervenheilkunde, 27(6), 495-516.
  • SRIVASTAVA, A., LOCKE, E. A., BARTOL, K. M. (2001). Money and subjective well-being: it's not the money, it's the motives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(6), 959.
  • TABACHNICK, B. G., FIDELL, L. S., ULLMAN, J. B. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (Vol. 5): Pearson Boston, MA.
  • TABACHNICK, B. G., FIDELL, L. S., OSTERLIND, S. J. (2011). Using multivariate statistics. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
  • TAN, J. P. Y., NJAUW, M., TANG, C. S. K. (2018). A Study on the Relationship among Materialism, Social Media Addiction, and Compulsive Buying: A Comparison of US High School and College Students. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 7, 150-150.
  • TOPP, N. W., PAWLOSKI, B. (2002). Online data collection. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 11(2), 173-178.
  • VILLARDEFRANCOS, E., OTERO-LÓPEZ, J. M. (2016). Compulsive buying in university students: its prevalence and relationships with materialism, psychological distress symptoms, and subjective well-being. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 65, 128-135.
  • WARD, S., WACKMAN, D. (1971). Family and media influences on adolescent consumer learning. American Behavioral Scientist, 14(3), 415-427.
  • WATTANASUWAN, K., ELLIOTT, R. (1999). The Buddhist self and symbolic consumption: The consumption experience of the teenage Dhammakaya Buddhists in Thailand. ACR North American Advances
  • WILKINSON, R. G. (2002). Unhealthy societies: the afflictions of inequality. Routledge.
  • WORTHINGTON, R. L., WHITTAKER, T. A. (2006). Scale development research: A content analysis and recommendations for best practices. The Counseling Psychologist, 34(6), 806-838.
  • WRIGHT, N. D., LARSEN, V. (1993). Materialism and life satisfaction: A meta-analysis. Journal of Consumer Satisfaction, Dissatisfaction, and Complaining Behavior, 6(1), 158-165.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Melda ASLAN> (Primary Author)
ANKARA YILDIRIM BEYAZIT UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-2591-8638
Türkiye

Early Pub Date October 30, 2022
Publication Date October 30, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2

Cite

APA Aslan, M. (2022). Para Kazanma Motivasyonunun Materyalist Değerler Üzerine Etkisi . İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 9 (2) , 383-398 . DOI: 10.17336/igusbd.813824

 Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)