Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 2, Pages 239 - 247 2020-12-30

Effects of different chemical herbicides and water application on the productivity and weed incidence of irrigated lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Ulysses CAGASAN [1] , Rafael TOMADA [2]


Weed infestation causes great yield reduction in rice. However, application of herbicides under proper water management may control weeds and could increase the yield of irrigated lowland rice. This study aimed to determine the effects and appropriate water regimes and chemical herbicides; and assess the weed population and profitability ha-1 of using different chemical herbicides and water regimes in lowland rice production. The experiment was laid out in a nested design with complete block design in three replications. Different water regimes: M1-continuous submergence at 5cm and M2-Saturated condition as main plots and different herbicides as the sub plots T0- Control (unweeded and no herbicide application), T1- Butachlor, T2- Propanil + Butachlor, T3- Metsulpuron Methyl + Chlorimuron Ethyl, T4- Butachlor + 2,4D, T5- Cyhalofop butyl + Pyribenzoxim and T6- Manual weeding at four weeks after transplanting. Results revealed that lowland rice under continuous submergence at 5cm significantly produced more number of productive tillers, 1,000 seed weight and resulted to the increased total grain yield (tha-1). Application of chemical herbicides under different water regimes showed significant differences on the number of productive tillers, grain yield and harvest index. Moreover, rice plants treated with Butachlor + 2,4D (T4) and Cyhalofop butyl + Pyribenzoxim (T5) produced the highest grain yield of 7.78t ha-1 and 7.89t ha-1, respectively. Lowest weed population of 3.50 was observed in plants applied Butachlor + 2,4D (T4) while highest on Cyhalofop butyl + Pyribenzoxim (T5). All chemical herbicide treatments had high weed control efficiency except Butachlor (T1). Highest net income was observed in T5 with a net income of PhP85,027.20 ha-1 that is equivalent to 46% higher than the control plants with a net income of PhP38,945.20 ha-1.
submerged, saturated, herbicides, weeds and income
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section Original Papers
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1849-2261
Author: Ulysses CAGASAN (Primary Author)
Institution: Visayas State University
Country: Philippines


Orcid: 0000-0001-7936-2714
Author: Rafael TOMADA
Institution: Visayas State University
Country: Philippines


Supporting Institution Visayas State University
Project Number no project number
Thanks Thank you very much..
Dates

Application Date : August 27, 2020
Acceptance Date : December 9, 2020
Publication Date : December 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { ijafls786169, journal = {International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-4381}, address = {}, publisher = {Volkan OKATAN}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {239 - 247}, doi = {}, title = {Effects of different chemical herbicides and water application on the productivity and weed incidence of irrigated lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.)}, key = {cite}, author = {Tomada, Rafael} }
APA Cagasan, U , Tomada, R . (2020). Effects of different chemical herbicides and water application on the productivity and weed incidence of irrigated lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.) . International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences , 4 (2) , 239-247 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijafls/issue/57325/786169
MLA Cagasan, U , Tomada, R . "Effects of different chemical herbicides and water application on the productivity and weed incidence of irrigated lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.)" . International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences 4 (2020 ): 239-247 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijafls/issue/57325/786169>
Chicago Cagasan, U , Tomada, R . "Effects of different chemical herbicides and water application on the productivity and weed incidence of irrigated lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.)". International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences 4 (2020 ): 239-247
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of different chemical herbicides and water application on the productivity and weed incidence of irrigated lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.) AU - Ulysses Cagasan , Rafael Tomada Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 239 EP - 247 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - -2602-4381 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences Effects of different chemical herbicides and water application on the productivity and weed incidence of irrigated lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.) %A Ulysses Cagasan , Rafael Tomada %T Effects of different chemical herbicides and water application on the productivity and weed incidence of irrigated lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.) %D 2020 %J International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences %P -2602-4381 %V 4 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Cagasan, Ulysses , Tomada, Rafael . "Effects of different chemical herbicides and water application on the productivity and weed incidence of irrigated lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.)". International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences 4 / 2 (December 2020): 239-247 .
AMA Cagasan U , Tomada R . Effects of different chemical herbicides and water application on the productivity and weed incidence of irrigated lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.). Int J Agric For Life Sci. 2020; 4(2): 239-247.
Vancouver Cagasan U , Tomada R . Effects of different chemical herbicides and water application on the productivity and weed incidence of irrigated lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.). International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences. 2020; 4(2): 239-247.
IEEE U. Cagasan and R. Tomada , "Effects of different chemical herbicides and water application on the productivity and weed incidence of irrigated lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.)", International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 239-247, Dec. 2021