Year 2021, Volume 5 , Issue 1, Pages 19 - 26 2021-03-31

The Effect of Using Amyl Alcohol in a Diesel Engine on Performance and Emission Parameters

Süleyman ŞİMŞEK [1] , Samet USLU [2]


In this study, experimental tests were carried out to improve the performance and emission characteristics of the diesel engine as amyl alcohol (pentanol), which is in the heavy alcohol class, obtained from the residual waste from etha-nol, which is produced as a by-product during sugar production from sugar beet. Tests were performed on naturally aspirated, air-cooled, four-stroke, single cyl-inder, direct injection, 6LD 400 Antor diesel engine at full load and engine speeds of 1400, 1700, 2000, 2300, 2600, 2900 and 3200 rpm. Pure diesel and fuel mixtures containing 5%, 10% and 20% amyl alcohol were used in the exper-iments. As a result of the experiments, while the power and torque values de-creased, the brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) value increased as the ratio of amyl alcohol in the mixture increased compared to diesel fuel. In addition, the increase in amyl alcohol ratio in the mixture decreased hydrocarbon (HC), car-bon monoxide (CO), and smoke emissions, while increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions. With 20% amyl alcohol ratio, an in-crease of 30.324% in BSFC value and a decrease of 13.745% and 10.258% in power and torque values were found as the average of all speeds, respectively. When evaluated in terms of emissions, with 20% amyl alcohol ratio, an average reduction of 44.565%, 42.832% and 27.330% was achieved in HC, CO, and smoke emissions, respectively, while NOx and CO2 emissions in-creased by 15.520% and 54.934%, respectively.
Amyl alcohol, Performance, Emission, Diesel engine
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering, Mechanical
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0593-8036
Author: Süleyman ŞİMŞEK (Primary Author)
Institution: ISTANBUL AYDIN UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9118-5108
Author: Samet USLU
Institution: KARABUK UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : October 26, 2020
Acceptance Date : December 23, 2020
Publication Date : March 31, 2021

Bibtex @research article { ijastech816698, journal = {International Journal of Automotive Science And Technology}, issn = {}, eissn = {2587-0963}, address = {Gazi Üniversitesi Teknoloji Fakültesi Otomotiv Mühendisliği Bölümü, Teknikokullar, Ankara}, publisher = {Otomotiv Mühendisleri Derneği}, year = {2021}, volume = {5}, pages = {19 - 26}, doi = {10.30939/ijastech..816698}, title = {The Effect of Using Amyl Alcohol in a Diesel Engine on Performance and Emission Parameters}, key = {cite}, author = {Şimşek, Süleyman and Uslu, Samet} }
APA Şimşek, S , Uslu, S . (2021). The Effect of Using Amyl Alcohol in a Diesel Engine on Performance and Emission Parameters . International Journal of Automotive Science And Technology , 5 (1) , 19-26 . DOI: 10.30939/ijastech..816698
MLA Şimşek, S , Uslu, S . "The Effect of Using Amyl Alcohol in a Diesel Engine on Performance and Emission Parameters" . International Journal of Automotive Science And Technology 5 (2021 ): 19-26 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijastech/issue/59364/816698>
Chicago Şimşek, S , Uslu, S . "The Effect of Using Amyl Alcohol in a Diesel Engine on Performance and Emission Parameters". International Journal of Automotive Science And Technology 5 (2021 ): 19-26
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Effect of Using Amyl Alcohol in a Diesel Engine on Performance and Emission Parameters AU - Süleyman Şimşek , Samet Uslu Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.30939/ijastech..816698 DO - 10.30939/ijastech..816698 T2 - International Journal of Automotive Science And Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 19 EP - 26 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - -2587-0963 M3 - doi: 10.30939/ijastech..816698 UR - https://doi.org/10.30939/ijastech..816698 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Automotive Science and Technology The Effect of Using Amyl Alcohol in a Diesel Engine on Performance and Emission Parameters %A Süleyman Şimşek , Samet Uslu %T The Effect of Using Amyl Alcohol in a Diesel Engine on Performance and Emission Parameters %D 2021 %J International Journal of Automotive Science And Technology %P -2587-0963 %V 5 %N 1 %R doi: 10.30939/ijastech..816698 %U 10.30939/ijastech..816698
ISNAD Şimşek, Süleyman , Uslu, Samet . "The Effect of Using Amyl Alcohol in a Diesel Engine on Performance and Emission Parameters". International Journal of Automotive Science And Technology 5 / 1 (March 2021): 19-26 . https://doi.org/10.30939/ijastech..816698
AMA Şimşek S , Uslu S . The Effect of Using Amyl Alcohol in a Diesel Engine on Performance and Emission Parameters. ijastech. 2021; 5(1): 19-26.
Vancouver Şimşek S , Uslu S . The Effect of Using Amyl Alcohol in a Diesel Engine on Performance and Emission Parameters. International Journal of Automotive Science And Technology. 2021; 5(1): 19-26.
IEEE S. Şimşek and S. Uslu , "The Effect of Using Amyl Alcohol in a Diesel Engine on Performance and Emission Parameters", International Journal of Automotive Science And Technology, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 19-26, Mar. 2021, doi:10.30939/ijastech..816698