Research Article
PDF Mendeley EndNote BibTex Cite

Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, 356 - 364, 06.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.749735

Abstract

References

  • Afifi, A. (2015). Safety Culture History and Theory. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/safety- culture-history-theory-ahmed-afifi (Accessed: 28/06/2017).
  • American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) (2012). Guidance Notes on: Safety Culture and Leading Indicators of Safety. ww2.eagle.org/content/dam/eagle/rules-and-guides/current/other/188_safety/leading_indicators_gn_e-feb14.pdf (Accessed: 15/06/2017).
  • Antão, P., Calderón, M., Puig, M., Michail, A., Wooldridge, C., Darbra, R. M. (2016). Identification of Occupational Health, Safety, Security (OHSS) and Environmental Performance Indicators in Port Areas. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2015.12.031 (Accessed: 10/05/2017).
  • Bhattacharya, Y. (2015). Measuring Safety Culture on Ships Using Safety Climate: A Study among Indian Officers. International Journal of e-Navigation and Maritime Economy 3. P.161–1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enavi.2015.12.006 (Accessed: 16/06/2017).
  • Cooper, M. D. (2000). Towards a model of safety culture. Safety Science. 36, 111–136. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0925-7535(00)00035-7 (Accessed: 17/06/2019).
  • Cooper, M. D. (2001). Improving Safety Culture: A Practical Guide. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Dominic_Cooper2/publication/284371696_Improving_Safety_Culture_A_Practical_Guide/links/568fdc2a08aec14fa5579045/Improving-Safety-Culture-A-Practical-Guide.pdf?origin=publication_detail (Accessed: 16/03/2020).
  • Cox S. and Flin R. (1998). Safety culture: philosopher’s stone or man of straw? http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02678379808256861 (Accessed: 16/08/2018).
  • Eurocontrol (2019). Supporting European Aviation. https://www.eurocontrol.int/articles/just-culture (Accessed: 01/05/2019).
  • Drupsteen L. and Boustras G. (2015). Exploring effectiveness of safety information for workplace visitors. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2015.11.017 (Accessed: 14/09/2017).
  • Ek A. and Akselsson, R. (2005). Safety culture on board six Swedish passenger ships. Maritime Policy Management. 32, 159–176. https://doi.org/10.1080/03088830500097455 (Accessed: 14/10/2017).
  • Ek, A., Runefors and M., Borell, J. (2014). Relationships between Safety Culture Aspects - A Work Process to Enable Interpretation. doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2013.08.024 (Accessed: 14/11/2017).
  • Glendon, A. I. and Stanton, N. A. (2000). Perspectives on safety culture. Safety Science. 34, 193–214. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-7535(00)00013-8 (Accessed: 22/09/2019).
  • Håvold, J. I. (2000). Culture in maritime safety. Maritime Policy Management. 27, 79–88. https://doi.org/10.1080/030888300286716 (Accessed: 11/01/2019).
  • Håvold. J. I. (2007). National cultures and safety orientation: A study of seafarers working for Norwegian shipping companies, Work & Stress, 21:2, 173-195
  • Hahn, S. E. and Murphy, L.R, (2008). A short scale for measuring safety climate. Safety Science. 46 (2008) 1047–1066.
  • Health and Safety Executive. (2000). Offshore Technology Report 2000/049. Safety Culture Maturity Model. U.K Suffolk: HSE Books.
  • Health and Safety Executive (2001). Safety Climate Measurement User Guide and Toolkit, U.K. Suffolk. HSE Books.
  • Health and Safety Commission (2005). A Review of Safety Culture and Safety Climate Literature for the Development of the Safety Culture Inspection Toolkit, Research Report 367. http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr367.pdf (Accessed: 12/01/2017).
  • Health and Safety Executive (HSE) (2011). A Quick Guide to Health and Safety in Ports. www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg446.pdf (Accessed: 23/03/2016).
  • Hudson, P. (1999). Safety Culture Theory and Practice. Center for Safety Science. RTO MP-032, Presented at RTO HFM Workshop, The Human Factor in System Reliability-Is Human Performance Predictable? www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADP010445 (Accessed: 23/10/2018).
  • ICAO (2006). Safety Management, Global Approach Unlocks Potential of SMS. The magazine of the International Civil Aviation Organization, Vol 61(6).
  • International Labour Organization (ILO) (1996). Recording and notification of occupational accidents and diseases. http://www.ilo.org/safework/info/standards-and-instruments/codes/WCMS_107800/lang--en/index.htm (Accessed: 20/02/2018).
  • IMO (2003). Role of the Human Element, MSC 77/17. www.sjofartsverket.se/upload/4001/77-17.pdf (Accessed: 04.01.2019).
  • Lu C. and Kuo S. (2016). The Effect of Job Stress on Self-Reported Safety Behaviour in Container Terminal Operations: The Moderating Role of Emotional Intelligence. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2015.12.008 (Accessed: 14.11.2019).
  • Lu C. and Yang C. (2010). Safety Leadership and Safety Behaviour in Container Terminal Operations. doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2009.05.003 (Accessed: 23/10/2018).
  • Lu, C. S. and Tsai, C. L. (2010). The effect of safety climate on seafarers’ safety behaviours in container shipping. Accid. Anal. Prev. 42, 1999–2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2010.06.008 (Accessed: 24/10/2019).
  • Marais, K., Dulac, N. and Leveson N. (2004). Beyond Normal Accidents and High Reliability Organizations: The Need for an Alternative Approach to Safety in Complex Systems. Engineering Systems Division Symposium, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.71.2934&rep=rep1&type=pdf (Accessed: 13/10/2018).
  • Martyka J. and Lebecki K. (2014). Safety Culture in High-Risk Industries. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 20:4, 561-572. dx.doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2014.11077076 (Accessed: 23/12/2019).
  • Ministry of Transportation, Maritime Affairs and Communication (2017). Container Handling Statistics in Turkey. https://atlantis.udhb.gov.tr/istatistik/files/Konteyner_istatistikleri/2016/Liman_Baskanliklari_Bazinda_Ellecleme.xls (Accessed: 21/04/2017).
  • Motter, A.A. and Santos, M. (2017). The Importance of Communication for the Maintenance of Health and Safety in Work Operations in Ports. doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2017.03.020 (Accessed: 22/05/2018).
  • O’Toole, M. (2002). The relationship between employees’ perceptions of safety and organizational culture. Journal of Safety Research, 33(2), 231–243. doi:10.1016/s0022-4375(02)00014-2 (Accessed: 11/05/2019).
  • Reason, J. (1998). Achieving a safe culture: Theory and practice. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02678379808256868 (Accessed: 22/05/2018).
  • Simone, De, S. (2014). The Affective Component of Workplace in Organizational Behaviour Studies, American International Journal of Contemporary Research, Vol. 4, No. 9; September 2014.
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (2018). Review of Maritime Transport 2018. http://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/rmt2015_en.pdf (Accessed: 13/06/2019).
  • Westrum R. (1993). Cultures with Requisite Imagination. In: Wise J.A., Hopkin V.D., Stager P. (eds) Verification and Validation of Complex Systems: Human Factors Issues. NATO ASI Series (Series F: Computer and Systems Sciences), vol. 110. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-02933-6_25 (Accessed: 22/05/2018).
  • White, C. (2017). What does Safety Commitment Mean to the Employee? www.selectinternational.com/safety-blog/bid/185314/what-does-safety-commitment-mean-to-the-employee (Accessed: 15/03/2018).
  • Zohar, D. (1980). Safety climate in industrial organizations: theoretical and applied implications. J. Appl. Psychol. 65, 96–102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.65.1.96 (Accessed: 15/04/2019).

The Effects of Safety Culture on Occupational Accidents: An explanatory study in Container Terminals of Turkey

Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, 356 - 364, 06.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.749735

Abstract

Detection of the underlying mechanisms leading to accidents resulting in fatalities and injuries is crucial to improve maritime safety. This paper examines the association between safety culture and occupational accidents in the container terminals. Within the scope of the study, six different container terminals that are situated in Marmara Region was selected as application areas in Turkey. For the purpose of gathering information, survey has been conducted with 134 respondent and interview has been carried out with the occupational safety specialists of ports, respectively. Collected data were analysed using SPSS 22 software to determine safety culture level of terminals and its correlation with accidents. Data obtained from six container terminals were presented and results were discussed with respect to safety culture assessment and occupational accidents. The results highlight that the positive safety culture have a strong influence on port workers in terms of avoiding from accidents. Additionally, each component related to safety culture was found in a significant correlation with occurrences of accidents. Then again, port workers found to be rarely involved in accidents in case the safety culture level is high.

References

  • Afifi, A. (2015). Safety Culture History and Theory. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/safety- culture-history-theory-ahmed-afifi (Accessed: 28/06/2017).
  • American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) (2012). Guidance Notes on: Safety Culture and Leading Indicators of Safety. ww2.eagle.org/content/dam/eagle/rules-and-guides/current/other/188_safety/leading_indicators_gn_e-feb14.pdf (Accessed: 15/06/2017).
  • Antão, P., Calderón, M., Puig, M., Michail, A., Wooldridge, C., Darbra, R. M. (2016). Identification of Occupational Health, Safety, Security (OHSS) and Environmental Performance Indicators in Port Areas. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2015.12.031 (Accessed: 10/05/2017).
  • Bhattacharya, Y. (2015). Measuring Safety Culture on Ships Using Safety Climate: A Study among Indian Officers. International Journal of e-Navigation and Maritime Economy 3. P.161–1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enavi.2015.12.006 (Accessed: 16/06/2017).
  • Cooper, M. D. (2000). Towards a model of safety culture. Safety Science. 36, 111–136. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0925-7535(00)00035-7 (Accessed: 17/06/2019).
  • Cooper, M. D. (2001). Improving Safety Culture: A Practical Guide. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Dominic_Cooper2/publication/284371696_Improving_Safety_Culture_A_Practical_Guide/links/568fdc2a08aec14fa5579045/Improving-Safety-Culture-A-Practical-Guide.pdf?origin=publication_detail (Accessed: 16/03/2020).
  • Cox S. and Flin R. (1998). Safety culture: philosopher’s stone or man of straw? http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02678379808256861 (Accessed: 16/08/2018).
  • Eurocontrol (2019). Supporting European Aviation. https://www.eurocontrol.int/articles/just-culture (Accessed: 01/05/2019).
  • Drupsteen L. and Boustras G. (2015). Exploring effectiveness of safety information for workplace visitors. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2015.11.017 (Accessed: 14/09/2017).
  • Ek A. and Akselsson, R. (2005). Safety culture on board six Swedish passenger ships. Maritime Policy Management. 32, 159–176. https://doi.org/10.1080/03088830500097455 (Accessed: 14/10/2017).
  • Ek, A., Runefors and M., Borell, J. (2014). Relationships between Safety Culture Aspects - A Work Process to Enable Interpretation. doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2013.08.024 (Accessed: 14/11/2017).
  • Glendon, A. I. and Stanton, N. A. (2000). Perspectives on safety culture. Safety Science. 34, 193–214. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-7535(00)00013-8 (Accessed: 22/09/2019).
  • Håvold, J. I. (2000). Culture in maritime safety. Maritime Policy Management. 27, 79–88. https://doi.org/10.1080/030888300286716 (Accessed: 11/01/2019).
  • Håvold. J. I. (2007). National cultures and safety orientation: A study of seafarers working for Norwegian shipping companies, Work & Stress, 21:2, 173-195
  • Hahn, S. E. and Murphy, L.R, (2008). A short scale for measuring safety climate. Safety Science. 46 (2008) 1047–1066.
  • Health and Safety Executive. (2000). Offshore Technology Report 2000/049. Safety Culture Maturity Model. U.K Suffolk: HSE Books.
  • Health and Safety Executive (2001). Safety Climate Measurement User Guide and Toolkit, U.K. Suffolk. HSE Books.
  • Health and Safety Commission (2005). A Review of Safety Culture and Safety Climate Literature for the Development of the Safety Culture Inspection Toolkit, Research Report 367. http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr367.pdf (Accessed: 12/01/2017).
  • Health and Safety Executive (HSE) (2011). A Quick Guide to Health and Safety in Ports. www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg446.pdf (Accessed: 23/03/2016).
  • Hudson, P. (1999). Safety Culture Theory and Practice. Center for Safety Science. RTO MP-032, Presented at RTO HFM Workshop, The Human Factor in System Reliability-Is Human Performance Predictable? www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADP010445 (Accessed: 23/10/2018).
  • ICAO (2006). Safety Management, Global Approach Unlocks Potential of SMS. The magazine of the International Civil Aviation Organization, Vol 61(6).
  • International Labour Organization (ILO) (1996). Recording and notification of occupational accidents and diseases. http://www.ilo.org/safework/info/standards-and-instruments/codes/WCMS_107800/lang--en/index.htm (Accessed: 20/02/2018).
  • IMO (2003). Role of the Human Element, MSC 77/17. www.sjofartsverket.se/upload/4001/77-17.pdf (Accessed: 04.01.2019).
  • Lu C. and Kuo S. (2016). The Effect of Job Stress on Self-Reported Safety Behaviour in Container Terminal Operations: The Moderating Role of Emotional Intelligence. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2015.12.008 (Accessed: 14.11.2019).
  • Lu C. and Yang C. (2010). Safety Leadership and Safety Behaviour in Container Terminal Operations. doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2009.05.003 (Accessed: 23/10/2018).
  • Lu, C. S. and Tsai, C. L. (2010). The effect of safety climate on seafarers’ safety behaviours in container shipping. Accid. Anal. Prev. 42, 1999–2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2010.06.008 (Accessed: 24/10/2019).
  • Marais, K., Dulac, N. and Leveson N. (2004). Beyond Normal Accidents and High Reliability Organizations: The Need for an Alternative Approach to Safety in Complex Systems. Engineering Systems Division Symposium, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.71.2934&rep=rep1&type=pdf (Accessed: 13/10/2018).
  • Martyka J. and Lebecki K. (2014). Safety Culture in High-Risk Industries. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 20:4, 561-572. dx.doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2014.11077076 (Accessed: 23/12/2019).
  • Ministry of Transportation, Maritime Affairs and Communication (2017). Container Handling Statistics in Turkey. https://atlantis.udhb.gov.tr/istatistik/files/Konteyner_istatistikleri/2016/Liman_Baskanliklari_Bazinda_Ellecleme.xls (Accessed: 21/04/2017).
  • Motter, A.A. and Santos, M. (2017). The Importance of Communication for the Maintenance of Health and Safety in Work Operations in Ports. doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2017.03.020 (Accessed: 22/05/2018).
  • O’Toole, M. (2002). The relationship between employees’ perceptions of safety and organizational culture. Journal of Safety Research, 33(2), 231–243. doi:10.1016/s0022-4375(02)00014-2 (Accessed: 11/05/2019).
  • Reason, J. (1998). Achieving a safe culture: Theory and practice. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02678379808256868 (Accessed: 22/05/2018).
  • Simone, De, S. (2014). The Affective Component of Workplace in Organizational Behaviour Studies, American International Journal of Contemporary Research, Vol. 4, No. 9; September 2014.
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (2018). Review of Maritime Transport 2018. http://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/rmt2015_en.pdf (Accessed: 13/06/2019).
  • Westrum R. (1993). Cultures with Requisite Imagination. In: Wise J.A., Hopkin V.D., Stager P. (eds) Verification and Validation of Complex Systems: Human Factors Issues. NATO ASI Series (Series F: Computer and Systems Sciences), vol. 110. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-02933-6_25 (Accessed: 22/05/2018).
  • White, C. (2017). What does Safety Commitment Mean to the Employee? www.selectinternational.com/safety-blog/bid/185314/what-does-safety-commitment-mean-to-the-employee (Accessed: 15/03/2018).
  • Zohar, D. (1980). Safety climate in industrial organizations: theoretical and applied implications. J. Appl. Psychol. 65, 96–102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.65.1.96 (Accessed: 15/04/2019).

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Murat Selçuk SOLMAZ (Primary Author)
PİRİ REİS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-8528-2865
Türkiye


Pelin ERDEM
PİRİ REİS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-0141-2499
Türkiye


Gökçe BARIŞ
PİRİ REİS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-0714-6171
Türkiye

Publication Date December 6, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3

Cite

Bibtex @research article { ijegeo749735, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {}, publisher = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2020}, volume = {7}, number = {3}, pages = {356 - 364}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.749735}, title = {The Effects of Safety Culture on Occupational Accidents: An explanatory study in Container Terminals of Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Solmaz, Murat Selçuk and Erdem, Pelin and Barış, Gökçe} }
APA Solmaz, M. S. , Erdem, P. & Barış, G. (2020). The Effects of Safety Culture on Occupational Accidents: An explanatory study in Container Terminals of Turkey . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics , 7 (3) , 356-364 . DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.749735
MLA Solmaz, M. S. , Erdem, P. , Barış, G. "The Effects of Safety Culture on Occupational Accidents: An explanatory study in Container Terminals of Turkey" . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 7 (2020 ): 356-364 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijegeo/issue/56780/749735>
Chicago Solmaz, M. S. , Erdem, P. , Barış, G. "The Effects of Safety Culture on Occupational Accidents: An explanatory study in Container Terminals of Turkey". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 7 (2020 ): 356-364
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Effects of Safety Culture on Occupational Accidents: An explanatory study in Container Terminals of Turkey AU - Murat Selçuk Solmaz , Pelin Erdem , Gökçe Barış Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.749735 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.749735 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 356 EP - 364 VL - 7 IS - 3 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.749735 UR - https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.749735 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics The Effects of Safety Culture on Occupational Accidents: An explanatory study in Container Terminals of Turkey %A Murat Selçuk Solmaz , Pelin Erdem , Gökçe Barış %T The Effects of Safety Culture on Occupational Accidents: An explanatory study in Container Terminals of Turkey %D 2020 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 7 %N 3 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.749735 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.749735
ISNAD Solmaz, Murat Selçuk , Erdem, Pelin , Barış, Gökçe . "The Effects of Safety Culture on Occupational Accidents: An explanatory study in Container Terminals of Turkey". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 7 / 3 (December 2020): 356-364 . https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.749735
AMA Solmaz M. S. , Erdem P. , Barış G. The Effects of Safety Culture on Occupational Accidents: An explanatory study in Container Terminals of Turkey. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2020; 7(3): 356-364.
Vancouver Solmaz M. S. , Erdem P. , Barış G. The Effects of Safety Culture on Occupational Accidents: An explanatory study in Container Terminals of Turkey. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2020; 7(3): 356-364.
IEEE M. S. Solmaz , P. Erdem and G. Barış , "The Effects of Safety Culture on Occupational Accidents: An explanatory study in Container Terminals of Turkey", International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 356-364, Dec. 2020, doi:10.30897/ijegeo.749735