Year 2020, Volume 7 , Issue 1, Pages 35 - 46 2020-03-20

Production of Biogas and Astaxanthin from Fruit and Vegetable Wastes Using an Integrated System

Okyanus YAZGIN [1] , Tugba KESKİN-GUNDOGDU [2]


The use of fruit and vegetable wastes in biogas production is an attractive option, as it provides simultaneous waste treatment and energy production. The use of the CO2 in biogas for algae cultivation with a zero waste approach would make this process even more attractive. In this way, biogas enrichment, which is traditionally done using economically costly and non-environmentally friendly methods, would be improved, and algae cultivation would become more economical. In the first part of this study, the operation conditions for the biogas reactor and the algae reactor for astaxanthin production were optimized separately. Rates of up to 1.2 L CH4/day and yields up to 0.5 L CH4/g volatile solids were obtained with a 2.5 g dry matter/L day organic loading rate with an anaerobic bioreactor, and 5.1 mg/g astaxanthin was produced by air feeding. When it was decided that sufficient astaxanthin was produced, astaxanthin was obtained using vegetable oils (olive and nut), an environmentally friendly extraction method. In the second part of this study, the anaerobic bioreactor and the algae reactor were integrated, and 6 mg/g astaxanthin production was observed using fruit and vegetable wastes as the substrate for biogas production and the CO2 in biogas for cultivation of Haematococcus pluvialis and therefore astaxanthin production. The integrated system resulted in higher astaxhantin production with a zero waste approach. Moreover, the residual biomass remaining after extraction was fed back into the biogas reactor as a substrate, adopting a zero waste biorefinery approach.
Fruit-Vegetable Waste, Biogas, Astaxhanthin, Biorefinery, Microalgae
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Primary Language en
Subjects Biology
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-1895-3884
Author: Okyanus YAZGIN
Institution: EGE UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9354-7774
Author: Tugba KESKİN-GUNDOGDU (Primary Author)
Institution: EGE UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution TUBITAK
Project Number TUBITAK 2209
Dates

Publication Date : March 20, 2020

Bibtex @research article { ijsm702498, journal = {International Journal of Secondary Metabolite}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-6905}, address = {Prof. Dr. İzzet KARA}, publisher = {İzzet KARA}, year = {2020}, volume = {7}, pages = {35 - 46}, doi = {10.21448/ijsm.702498}, title = {Production of Biogas and Astaxanthin from Fruit and Vegetable Wastes Using an Integrated System}, key = {cite}, author = {YAZGIN, Okyanus and KESKİN-GUNDOGDU, Tugba} }
APA YAZGIN, O , KESKİN-GUNDOGDU, T . (2020). Production of Biogas and Astaxanthin from Fruit and Vegetable Wastes Using an Integrated System. International Journal of Secondary Metabolite , 7 (1) , 35-46 . DOI: 10.21448/ijsm.702498
MLA YAZGIN, O , KESKİN-GUNDOGDU, T . "Production of Biogas and Astaxanthin from Fruit and Vegetable Wastes Using an Integrated System". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 7 (2020 ): 35-46 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijsm/issue/52291/702498>
Chicago YAZGIN, O , KESKİN-GUNDOGDU, T . "Production of Biogas and Astaxanthin from Fruit and Vegetable Wastes Using an Integrated System". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 7 (2020 ): 35-46
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Production of Biogas and Astaxanthin from Fruit and Vegetable Wastes Using an Integrated System AU - Okyanus YAZGIN , Tugba KESKİN-GUNDOGDU Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.21448/ijsm.702498 DO - 10.21448/ijsm.702498 T2 - International Journal of Secondary Metabolite JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 35 EP - 46 VL - 7 IS - 1 SN - -2148-6905 M3 - doi: 10.21448/ijsm.702498 UR - https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.702498 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Secondary Metabolite Production of Biogas and Astaxanthin from Fruit and Vegetable Wastes Using an Integrated System %A Okyanus YAZGIN , Tugba KESKİN-GUNDOGDU %T Production of Biogas and Astaxanthin from Fruit and Vegetable Wastes Using an Integrated System %D 2020 %J International Journal of Secondary Metabolite %P -2148-6905 %V 7 %N 1 %R doi: 10.21448/ijsm.702498 %U 10.21448/ijsm.702498
ISNAD YAZGIN, Okyanus , KESKİN-GUNDOGDU, Tugba . "Production of Biogas and Astaxanthin from Fruit and Vegetable Wastes Using an Integrated System". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 7 / 1 (March 2020): 35-46 . https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.702498
AMA YAZGIN O , KESKİN-GUNDOGDU T . Production of Biogas and Astaxanthin from Fruit and Vegetable Wastes Using an Integrated System. Int. J. Sec. Metabolite. 2020; 7(1): 35-46.
Vancouver YAZGIN O , KESKİN-GUNDOGDU T . Production of Biogas and Astaxanthin from Fruit and Vegetable Wastes Using an Integrated System. International Journal of Secondary Metabolite. 2020; 7(1): 46-35.