Research Article
PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Cite

Employee Attrition Scale (EPS): Scale Development Study

Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 18, 316 - 336, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.25204/iktisad.1023806

Abstract

People spend a significant part of their lives in their workplaces, and this causes them to wear out physically, mentally, and psychologically. The primary purpose of this study is to develop the Employee Attrition Scale (ESS) to determine the employees' mental and psychological attrition perceptions. In the process of developing the scale, firstly, the "candidate scale" item pool was created based on the mental and psychological health conditions of the World Health Organization, suitable for mental and psychological wear and tear. Then, expert opinion was sought for the content validity of the scale. After the content validity study, the pilot study of the draft scale was carried out with 145 employees working in manufacturing enterprises. The data collected with the candidate scale were first analyzed with Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA). As a result of the Exploratory Factor Analysis, the four-factor structure of the scale was determined. The main application of the scale was carried out with the participation of 334 employees selected by the stratified sampling method by expanding the same sample. In the main application, the validity of the Employee Attrition Scale was determined by Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), and the Cronbach alpha coefficient determined its reliability. Confirmatory Factor Analysis results confirmed the structure of the four-dimensional Employee Attrition Scale developed during the pilot study. As a result of the validity and reliability analysis, it was concluded that the developed scale is a reliable and valid data collection tool.

References

  • Aaby, A., Simonsen, C. B., Ryom, K. ve Maindal, H. T. (2020). Improving organizational health literacy responsiveness in cardiac rehabilitation using a co-design methodology: results from the heart skills study. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(3), 1015.
  • Açikgül, K. ve Aslaner, R. (2019). Investigation relations between the technological pedagogical content knowledge efficacy levels and self-efficacy perception levels of pre-service mathematics teachers. Cukurova University Faculty of Education Journal, 48(1), 1-31.
  • Aguinis, H., Henle, C. ve Ostroff, C. (2009). Endüstri ve örgüt psikolojisinde ölçüm, endüstri, iş ve örgüt psikolojisi. Örgüt Psikolojisi, 35-61.
  • Albright, J. J. ve Park, H. M. (2009). Confirmatory factor analysis using amos, LISREL, Mplus, Sas/Stat Calis.
  • Albulescu, C. ve Pépin, D. (2019). The money demand and the loss of interest for the euro in Romania. Applied Economics Letters, 26(3), 196-201.
  • Altunkaya, H. ve Topuzkanamis, E. (2018). The effect of using facebook in writing education on writing achievement, attitude, anxiety and self-efficacy perception. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 6(10), 2133-2142.
  • Anglim, J., Horwood, S., Smillie, L. D., Marrero, R. J. ve Wood, J. K. (2020). Predicting psychological and subjective well-being from personality: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 146(4), 279.
  • Arnold, K. A., Turner, N., Barling, J., Kelloway, E. K. ve McKee, M. C. (2007). Transformational leadership and psychological well-being: the mediating role of meaningful work. Journal of occupational health psychology, 12(3), 193.
  • Austenat, E. ve Stahl, T. (2019). 11. Loss of motivation. In Insulin pump therapy (pp. 137-144): De Gruyter.
  • Baycan, A. (1985). An analysis of the several aspects of job satisfaction between different occupational groups. Boğaziçi Üniversitesi SBE Doktora Tezi, İstanbul.
  • Budisavljevic, A., Kelemenic-Drazin, R., Plavetic, N. D., Fucak, I. K., Silovski, T., Dobric, V. T., Nalbani, M., Curic, Z., Boric-Mikez, Z. ve Ladenhauser, T. (2021). Impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on the level of distress in patients with breast cancer. The Breast, 56, S85.
  • Cameron, K. S. (2003). Organizational virtuousness and performance. Positive organizational scholarship, 48, 65.
  • Cartwright, S. ve Holmes, N. (2006). The meaning of work: The challenge of regaining employee engagement and reducing cynicism. Human resource management review, 16(2), 199-208.
  • Chaoqun, H. (2021). Incentive mechanism of social work service organisations based on existence, relatedness and growth (ERG) theory. Higher Education and Oriental Studies, 1(1).
  • Christodoulou, I., Pogonidou, E., Pogonidis, C. ve Charalambous, C. (2017). Loss of motivation and frustration for visitor surgeons in provincial health centers or psychiatric hospitals in Greece. European Psychiatry, 41(S1), S378-S379.
  • Clausen, T. ve Borg, V. (2010). Do positive work-related states mediate the association between psychosocial work characteristics and turnover? A longitudinal analysis. International Journal of Stress Management, 17(4), 308.
  • Coban, O. ve Atasoy, R. (2019). An examination of relationship between teachers' self-efficacy perception on ICT and their attitude towards ICT usage in the classroom. Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences, 14(1), 136-145.
  • Çokluk, Ö., Şekercioğlu, G. ve Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2012). Sosyal bilimler için çok değişkenli istatistik: SPSS ve LISREL uygulamaları (Vol. 2): Pegem Akademi Ankara.
  • Davis, P. (2018). Leadership as a profession: a special case dependent on organizational ownership, governance, mission and vision. In Professionalizing Leadership (pp. 109-124): Springer.
  • Delmolino, G. (2018). The economics of conjugal debt from gratian's decretum to decameron 2.10: boccaccio, canon law, and the loss of interest in sex. In Reconsidering Boccaccio (pp. 133-163): University of Toronto Press.
  • Dimitrov, D. (2012). Sources of meaningfulness in the workplace: A study in the US hospitality sector. European Journal of Training and Development. Vol. 36 No. 2/3, pp. 351-371. https://doi.org/10.1108/03090591211204788
  • Ergöçen, S. (2006). Yeni bir tükenmişlik ölçeğinin geliştirilmesi ve psikometrik açıdan incelenmesi. Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Ankara Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Bioistatistik ABD, Ankara.
  • Erkorkmaz, Ü., Etikan, İ., Demir, O., Özdamar, K. ve Sanisoğlu, S. Y. (2013). Doğrulayıcı faktör analizi ve uyum indeksleri. Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Medical Sciences, 33(1), 210-223.
  • Fallucchi, F., Coladangelo, M., Giuliano, R. ve William De Luca, E. (2020). Predicting employee attrition using machine learning techniques. Computers, 9(4), 86.
  • Ferguson, C. J. ve Beresin, E. (2017). Social science's curious war with pop culture and how it was lost: The media violence debate and the risks it holds for social science. Preventive medicine, 99, 69-76.
  • Fisher, C. D. (1985). Social support and adjustment to work: A longitudinal study. Journal of management, 11(3), 39-53.
  • Fornell, C. ve Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of marketing research, 18(1), 39-50.
  • Garden, A.M. (1987). Depersonalization: A valid dimension of burnout? Human relations, 40(9), 545-559.
  • Gardner, D. G. ve Pierce, J. L. (1998). Self-esteem and self-efficacy within the organizational context: An empirical examination. Group & Organization Management, 23(1), 48-70.
  • Geçkil, T. ve Tikici, M. (2015). Örgütsel demokrasi ölçeği geliştirme çalışması. Amme İdaresi Dergisi, 48(4).
  • Guthier, C., Dormann, C. ve Voelkle, M. C. (2020). Reciprocal effects between job stressors and burnout: A continuous time meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 146(12), 1146.
  • Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E. ve Tatham, R. (2006). Multivariate data analysis . Uppersaddle River. In: NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
  • Hair, J. F., Sarstedt, M., Ringle, C. M. ve Mena, J. A. (2012). An assessment of the use of partial least squares structural equation modeling in marketing research. Journal of the academy of marketing science, 40(3), 414-433.
  • Hatchimonji, D. R., Gregory, A., Osher, D., Selby, E. A. ve Elias, M. J. (2021). Student self‐reported positive purpose over two years in urban middle schools. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 31(1), 101-119.
  • Herdiana, Y., Wahyudin ve Sispiyati, R. (2017). Effectiveness of discovery learning model on mathematical problem solving. Paper presented at the AIP Conference Proceedings. 40:1, 1-11.
  • Hill, P. L., Beck, E. D. ve Jackson, J. J. (2021). Maintaining sense of purpose following health adversity in older adulthood: a propensity score matching examination. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B.
  • Jain, R. ve Nayyar, A. (2018). Predicting employee attrition using xgboost machine learning approach. Paper presented at the 2018 International Conference on System Modeling & Advancement in Research Trends (SMART). pp. 113-120, doi: 10.1109/SYSMART.2018.8746940.
  • James, D. (2020). The highest proficiency does not make up for loss of sense of discovery. News Weekly(3073), 21. https://search.informit.org/doi/10.3316/informit.383112540666302
  • Jebb, A. T., Morrison, M., Tay, L. ve Diener, E. (2020). Subjective well-being around the world: trends and predictors across the life span. Psychological science, 31(3), 293-305.
  • Jex, S. M. ve Bliese, P. D. (1999). Efficacy beliefs as a moderator of the impact of work-related stressors: a multilevel study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84(3), 349.
  • Hooper, D., Coughlan, J ve Mullen, M. (2007). Structural equation modeling: guidelines for determining model fit. The Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods. 6.
  • Karasar, N. (2009). Bilimsel arastirma yöntemi (19. bs). Ankara: Nobel Yayin Dagitim.
  • Kayalar, F. ve Güler Arı, T. (2017). Investigation of the factors causing motivation loss of the lecturers in language teaching. Erzincan Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 19(3), 191-203.
  • King, L. A., Heintzelman, S. J. ve Ward, S. J. (2016). Beyond the search for meaning: A contemporary science of the experience of meaning in life. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25(4), 211-216.
  • Kline, P. (2014). An easy guide to factor analysis: Routledge.
  • Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (3. Baskı). New York, NY: Guilford.
  • Krahé, B., Möller, I., Huesmann, L. R., Kirwil, L., Felber, J. ve Berger, A. (2011). Desensitization to media violence: links with habitual media violence exposure, aggressive cognitions, and aggressive behavior. Journal of personality and social psychology, 100(4), 630.
  • Langat, E. ve Lagat, C. (2017). Effect of organizational ownership and culture on employee performance among selected banks in kenya. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13, 13.
  • Locke, E. A. ve Schattke, K. (2019). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: Time for expansion and clarification. Motivation Science, 5(4), 277.
  • Luthans, F. (2005). Organizational Behavior, 10.Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
  • Luthans, F., Youssef, C. M. ve Avolio, B. J. (2007). Psychological capital: Developing the human competitive edge (Vol. 198): Oxford University Press Oxford.
  • MacKenzie, S. B. ve Podsakoff, P. M. (2012). Common method bias in marketing: Causes, mechanisms, and procedural remedies. Journal of retailing, 88(4), 542-555.
  • Michaelson, C. (2005). " I want your shower time!": Drowning in work and the erosion of life. Business & Professional Ethics Journal, 24(4), 7-26.
  • Octaviannand, R., Pandjaitan, N. K. ve Kuswanto, S. (2017). Effect of job satisfaction and motivation towards employee's performance in XYZ shipping company. Journal of education and practice, 8(8), 72-79.
  • Okamura, T., Ura, C., Miyamae, F., Sugiyama, M., Inagaki, H., Ayako, E., Hiroshi, M., Motokawa, K. ve Awata, S. (2018). Prevalence of depressed mood and loss of interest among community‐dwelling older people: Large‐scale questionnaire survey and visiting intervention. Geriatrics & gerontology international, 18(11), 1567-1572.
  • Özcan, K. ve Balyer, A. (2013). Liderlik oryantasyon ölçeğinin Türkçeye uyarlanması. Mersin Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 9(1), 136-150.
  • Özer, Ö., Uğurluoğlu, Ö., Saygılı, M. ve Sonğur, C. (2019). The impact of work alienation on organizational health: A field study in health sector. International Journal of Healthcare Management, 12(1), 18-24.
  • Öztürk, M., Akkan, Y. ve Kaplan, A. (2020). Reading comprehension, mathematics self-efficacy perception, and mathematics attitude as correlates of students' non-routine Mathematics problem-solving skills in Turkey. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 51(7), 1042-1058.
  • Park, C. L. (2010). Making sense of the meaning literature: an integrative review of meaning making and its effects on adjustment to stressful life events. Psychological Bulletin, 136(2), 257.
  • Pratt, M. G. ve Ashforth, B. E. (2003a). Fostering meaningfulness in working and at work. Positive organizational scholarship: Foundations of a new discipline, 309, 327.
  • Pratt, M. G. ve Ashforth, B. E. (2003b). Fostering meaningfulness in working and at work. Teoksessa KS Cameron, JE Dutton & RE Quinn (toim.) Positive organizational scholarship. In: San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.
  • Reich, R. B. (2002). The future of success: Working and living in the new economy: Vintage.
  • Ryan, R. M. ve Deci, E. L. (2000). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations: Classic definitions and new directions. Contemporary educational psychology, 25(1), 54-67.
  • Salehi, K. (2018). Representation of Causes of Reducing the Job Motivation of Teachers to perform Occupational Activities: A Phenomenological Study. Research in Teacher Education (RTE), 2(1), 71-107.
  • Scherer, R. F., Luther, D. C., Wiebe, F. A. ve Adams, J. S. (1988). Dimensionality of coping: Factor stability using the ways of coping questionnaire. Psychological reports, 62(3), 763-770.
  • Shankar, R. S., Rajanikanth, J., Sivaramaraju, V. ve Murthy, K. (2018). Prediction of employee attrition using datamining. Paper presented at the 2018 ieee international conference on system, computation, automation and networking (icscan). 2018, pp. 1-8, doi: 10.1109/ICSCAN.2018.8541242.
  • Slavec, A. ve Drnovšek, M. (2012). A perspective on scale development in entrepreneurship research. Economic and business Review, 14(1).
  • Steger, M. F., Frazier, P., Oishi, S. ve Kaler, M. (2006). The meaning in life questionnaire: assessing the presence of and search for meaning in life. Journal of counseling psychology, 53(1), 80.
  • Steger, M. F., ve Dik, B. J. (2010). Work as meaning. In P. A. Linley, S. Harrington, & N. Page (Eds.), Oxford.handbook of positive psychology and work (pp.131–142). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
  • Stets, J. E. ve Burke, P. J. (2000). Identity theory and social identity theory. Social psychology quarterly, 224-237.
  • Sümbüloğlu, V. ve Sümbüloğlu, K. (2005), Klinik ve saha araştirmalarinda örnekleme yöntemleri ve büyüklüğü, Alp Ofset Matbaacılık Ltd. Şti., Ankara.
  • Tezbaşaran, A. (1996). Likert tipi ölçek geliştirme kılavuzu, Psikologlar Derneği Yayınları. In: Ankara.
  • Tutar, H. ve Erdem, A. T. (2020). Örnekleriyle bilimsel araştirma yöntemleri ve-SPSS uygulamaları. Seçkin Yayıncılık.
  • Vachez, Y., Carcenac, C., Magnard, R., Kerkerian‐Le Goff, L., Salin, P., Savasta, M., Carnicella, S. ve Boulet, S. (2020). Subthalamic nucleus stimulation impairs motivation: implication for apathy in Parkinson's disease. Movement Disorders, 35(4), 616-628.
  • Vuori, T., San, E. ve Kira, M. (2012), "Meaningfulness‐making at work", Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management, Vol. 7 No. 2, pp. 231-248. https://doi.org/10.1108/17465641211253110
  • Wang, T.-C., Chen, W.-T., Kang, Y.-N., Lin, C.-W., Cheng, C.-Y., Suk, F.-M., Chen, H.-Y., Hsu, C.-W., Fong, T.-H. ve Huang, W.-C. (2021). Why do pre-clinical medical students learn ultrasound? Exploring learning motivation through ERG theory. BMC medical education, 21(1), 1-9.
  • Wood, R. ve Bandura, A. (1989). Impact of conceptions of ability on self-regulatory mechanisms and complex decision making. Journal of personality and social psychology, 56(3), 407.
  • Wrzesniewski, A. (2003). Finding positive meaning in work. Positive organizational scholarship: Foundations of a new discipline, 296-308.
  • Zhang, C., Mayer, D. M. ve Hwang, E. (2018). More is less: Learning but not relaxing buffers deviance under job stressors. Journal of Applied Psychology, 103(2), 123.

İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeği (İYÖ): Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışması

Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 18, 316 - 336, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.25204/iktisad.1023806

Abstract

İnsanlar yaşamlarının önemli bir kısmını işyerlerinde geçirmektedirler ve bu durum onların fiziksel, zihinsel ve psikolojik olarak yıpranmalarına neden olmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, işörenlerin zihinsel ve psikolojik yıpranma algılarını belirlemek amacıyla İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeğini (İYÖ) geliştirmektir. Ölçeğin geliştirilmesi sürecinde önce Dünya Sağlık Örgütünün zihinsel ve psikolojik sağlık koşullarını esas alarak zihinsel ve psikolojik yıpranma durumlarına uygun “aday ölçek” madde havuzu oluşturulmuştur. Daha sonra ölçeğin kapsam geçerliği için uzman görüşüne başvurulmuştur. Kapsam geçerliği çalışmasından sonra taslak ölçeğin pilot çalışması imalat işletmelerinde çalışan 145 işgörenin katılımıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Aday ölçek ile toplanan veriler önce Açımlayıcı Faktör Analizi (AFA) ile analiz edilmiştir. Açımlayıcı Faktör Analizi sonucunda ölçeğin dört faktörlü yapısı tespit edilmiştir. Ölçeğin ana uygulaması aynı örneklemin genişletilmesiyle tabakalı örnekleme yöntemiyle belirlenen 334 işgörenin katılımıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Ana uygulamada İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeğinin geçerliği Doğrulayıcı Faktör Analizi (DFA), güvenirliği Cronbach alfa katsayısı ile belirlenmiştir. Doğrulayıcı Faktör Analizi sonuçları pilot çalışma aşamasında geliştirilen dört boyutlu İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeğinin yapısını doğrulamıştır. Yapılan geçerlilik ve güvenirlik analizi sonuçları geliştirilen ölçeğin güvenilir ve geçerli bir veri toplama aracı olduğu sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.

References

  • Aaby, A., Simonsen, C. B., Ryom, K. ve Maindal, H. T. (2020). Improving organizational health literacy responsiveness in cardiac rehabilitation using a co-design methodology: results from the heart skills study. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(3), 1015.
  • Açikgül, K. ve Aslaner, R. (2019). Investigation relations between the technological pedagogical content knowledge efficacy levels and self-efficacy perception levels of pre-service mathematics teachers. Cukurova University Faculty of Education Journal, 48(1), 1-31.
  • Aguinis, H., Henle, C. ve Ostroff, C. (2009). Endüstri ve örgüt psikolojisinde ölçüm, endüstri, iş ve örgüt psikolojisi. Örgüt Psikolojisi, 35-61.
  • Albright, J. J. ve Park, H. M. (2009). Confirmatory factor analysis using amos, LISREL, Mplus, Sas/Stat Calis.
  • Albulescu, C. ve Pépin, D. (2019). The money demand and the loss of interest for the euro in Romania. Applied Economics Letters, 26(3), 196-201.
  • Altunkaya, H. ve Topuzkanamis, E. (2018). The effect of using facebook in writing education on writing achievement, attitude, anxiety and self-efficacy perception. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 6(10), 2133-2142.
  • Anglim, J., Horwood, S., Smillie, L. D., Marrero, R. J. ve Wood, J. K. (2020). Predicting psychological and subjective well-being from personality: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 146(4), 279.
  • Arnold, K. A., Turner, N., Barling, J., Kelloway, E. K. ve McKee, M. C. (2007). Transformational leadership and psychological well-being: the mediating role of meaningful work. Journal of occupational health psychology, 12(3), 193.
  • Austenat, E. ve Stahl, T. (2019). 11. Loss of motivation. In Insulin pump therapy (pp. 137-144): De Gruyter.
  • Baycan, A. (1985). An analysis of the several aspects of job satisfaction between different occupational groups. Boğaziçi Üniversitesi SBE Doktora Tezi, İstanbul.
  • Budisavljevic, A., Kelemenic-Drazin, R., Plavetic, N. D., Fucak, I. K., Silovski, T., Dobric, V. T., Nalbani, M., Curic, Z., Boric-Mikez, Z. ve Ladenhauser, T. (2021). Impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on the level of distress in patients with breast cancer. The Breast, 56, S85.
  • Cameron, K. S. (2003). Organizational virtuousness and performance. Positive organizational scholarship, 48, 65.
  • Cartwright, S. ve Holmes, N. (2006). The meaning of work: The challenge of regaining employee engagement and reducing cynicism. Human resource management review, 16(2), 199-208.
  • Chaoqun, H. (2021). Incentive mechanism of social work service organisations based on existence, relatedness and growth (ERG) theory. Higher Education and Oriental Studies, 1(1).
  • Christodoulou, I., Pogonidou, E., Pogonidis, C. ve Charalambous, C. (2017). Loss of motivation and frustration for visitor surgeons in provincial health centers or psychiatric hospitals in Greece. European Psychiatry, 41(S1), S378-S379.
  • Clausen, T. ve Borg, V. (2010). Do positive work-related states mediate the association between psychosocial work characteristics and turnover? A longitudinal analysis. International Journal of Stress Management, 17(4), 308.
  • Coban, O. ve Atasoy, R. (2019). An examination of relationship between teachers' self-efficacy perception on ICT and their attitude towards ICT usage in the classroom. Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences, 14(1), 136-145.
  • Çokluk, Ö., Şekercioğlu, G. ve Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2012). Sosyal bilimler için çok değişkenli istatistik: SPSS ve LISREL uygulamaları (Vol. 2): Pegem Akademi Ankara.
  • Davis, P. (2018). Leadership as a profession: a special case dependent on organizational ownership, governance, mission and vision. In Professionalizing Leadership (pp. 109-124): Springer.
  • Delmolino, G. (2018). The economics of conjugal debt from gratian's decretum to decameron 2.10: boccaccio, canon law, and the loss of interest in sex. In Reconsidering Boccaccio (pp. 133-163): University of Toronto Press.
  • Dimitrov, D. (2012). Sources of meaningfulness in the workplace: A study in the US hospitality sector. European Journal of Training and Development. Vol. 36 No. 2/3, pp. 351-371. https://doi.org/10.1108/03090591211204788
  • Ergöçen, S. (2006). Yeni bir tükenmişlik ölçeğinin geliştirilmesi ve psikometrik açıdan incelenmesi. Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Ankara Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Bioistatistik ABD, Ankara.
  • Erkorkmaz, Ü., Etikan, İ., Demir, O., Özdamar, K. ve Sanisoğlu, S. Y. (2013). Doğrulayıcı faktör analizi ve uyum indeksleri. Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Medical Sciences, 33(1), 210-223.
  • Fallucchi, F., Coladangelo, M., Giuliano, R. ve William De Luca, E. (2020). Predicting employee attrition using machine learning techniques. Computers, 9(4), 86.
  • Ferguson, C. J. ve Beresin, E. (2017). Social science's curious war with pop culture and how it was lost: The media violence debate and the risks it holds for social science. Preventive medicine, 99, 69-76.
  • Fisher, C. D. (1985). Social support and adjustment to work: A longitudinal study. Journal of management, 11(3), 39-53.
  • Fornell, C. ve Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of marketing research, 18(1), 39-50.
  • Garden, A.M. (1987). Depersonalization: A valid dimension of burnout? Human relations, 40(9), 545-559.
  • Gardner, D. G. ve Pierce, J. L. (1998). Self-esteem and self-efficacy within the organizational context: An empirical examination. Group & Organization Management, 23(1), 48-70.
  • Geçkil, T. ve Tikici, M. (2015). Örgütsel demokrasi ölçeği geliştirme çalışması. Amme İdaresi Dergisi, 48(4).
  • Guthier, C., Dormann, C. ve Voelkle, M. C. (2020). Reciprocal effects between job stressors and burnout: A continuous time meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 146(12), 1146.
  • Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E. ve Tatham, R. (2006). Multivariate data analysis . Uppersaddle River. In: NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
  • Hair, J. F., Sarstedt, M., Ringle, C. M. ve Mena, J. A. (2012). An assessment of the use of partial least squares structural equation modeling in marketing research. Journal of the academy of marketing science, 40(3), 414-433.
  • Hatchimonji, D. R., Gregory, A., Osher, D., Selby, E. A. ve Elias, M. J. (2021). Student self‐reported positive purpose over two years in urban middle schools. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 31(1), 101-119.
  • Herdiana, Y., Wahyudin ve Sispiyati, R. (2017). Effectiveness of discovery learning model on mathematical problem solving. Paper presented at the AIP Conference Proceedings. 40:1, 1-11.
  • Hill, P. L., Beck, E. D. ve Jackson, J. J. (2021). Maintaining sense of purpose following health adversity in older adulthood: a propensity score matching examination. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B.
  • Jain, R. ve Nayyar, A. (2018). Predicting employee attrition using xgboost machine learning approach. Paper presented at the 2018 International Conference on System Modeling & Advancement in Research Trends (SMART). pp. 113-120, doi: 10.1109/SYSMART.2018.8746940.
  • James, D. (2020). The highest proficiency does not make up for loss of sense of discovery. News Weekly(3073), 21. https://search.informit.org/doi/10.3316/informit.383112540666302
  • Jebb, A. T., Morrison, M., Tay, L. ve Diener, E. (2020). Subjective well-being around the world: trends and predictors across the life span. Psychological science, 31(3), 293-305.
  • Jex, S. M. ve Bliese, P. D. (1999). Efficacy beliefs as a moderator of the impact of work-related stressors: a multilevel study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84(3), 349.
  • Hooper, D., Coughlan, J ve Mullen, M. (2007). Structural equation modeling: guidelines for determining model fit. The Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods. 6.
  • Karasar, N. (2009). Bilimsel arastirma yöntemi (19. bs). Ankara: Nobel Yayin Dagitim.
  • Kayalar, F. ve Güler Arı, T. (2017). Investigation of the factors causing motivation loss of the lecturers in language teaching. Erzincan Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 19(3), 191-203.
  • King, L. A., Heintzelman, S. J. ve Ward, S. J. (2016). Beyond the search for meaning: A contemporary science of the experience of meaning in life. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25(4), 211-216.
  • Kline, P. (2014). An easy guide to factor analysis: Routledge.
  • Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (3. Baskı). New York, NY: Guilford.
  • Krahé, B., Möller, I., Huesmann, L. R., Kirwil, L., Felber, J. ve Berger, A. (2011). Desensitization to media violence: links with habitual media violence exposure, aggressive cognitions, and aggressive behavior. Journal of personality and social psychology, 100(4), 630.
  • Langat, E. ve Lagat, C. (2017). Effect of organizational ownership and culture on employee performance among selected banks in kenya. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13, 13.
  • Locke, E. A. ve Schattke, K. (2019). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: Time for expansion and clarification. Motivation Science, 5(4), 277.
  • Luthans, F. (2005). Organizational Behavior, 10.Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
  • Luthans, F., Youssef, C. M. ve Avolio, B. J. (2007). Psychological capital: Developing the human competitive edge (Vol. 198): Oxford University Press Oxford.
  • MacKenzie, S. B. ve Podsakoff, P. M. (2012). Common method bias in marketing: Causes, mechanisms, and procedural remedies. Journal of retailing, 88(4), 542-555.
  • Michaelson, C. (2005). " I want your shower time!": Drowning in work and the erosion of life. Business & Professional Ethics Journal, 24(4), 7-26.
  • Octaviannand, R., Pandjaitan, N. K. ve Kuswanto, S. (2017). Effect of job satisfaction and motivation towards employee's performance in XYZ shipping company. Journal of education and practice, 8(8), 72-79.
  • Okamura, T., Ura, C., Miyamae, F., Sugiyama, M., Inagaki, H., Ayako, E., Hiroshi, M., Motokawa, K. ve Awata, S. (2018). Prevalence of depressed mood and loss of interest among community‐dwelling older people: Large‐scale questionnaire survey and visiting intervention. Geriatrics & gerontology international, 18(11), 1567-1572.
  • Özcan, K. ve Balyer, A. (2013). Liderlik oryantasyon ölçeğinin Türkçeye uyarlanması. Mersin Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 9(1), 136-150.
  • Özer, Ö., Uğurluoğlu, Ö., Saygılı, M. ve Sonğur, C. (2019). The impact of work alienation on organizational health: A field study in health sector. International Journal of Healthcare Management, 12(1), 18-24.
  • Öztürk, M., Akkan, Y. ve Kaplan, A. (2020). Reading comprehension, mathematics self-efficacy perception, and mathematics attitude as correlates of students' non-routine Mathematics problem-solving skills in Turkey. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 51(7), 1042-1058.
  • Park, C. L. (2010). Making sense of the meaning literature: an integrative review of meaning making and its effects on adjustment to stressful life events. Psychological Bulletin, 136(2), 257.
  • Pratt, M. G. ve Ashforth, B. E. (2003a). Fostering meaningfulness in working and at work. Positive organizational scholarship: Foundations of a new discipline, 309, 327.
  • Pratt, M. G. ve Ashforth, B. E. (2003b). Fostering meaningfulness in working and at work. Teoksessa KS Cameron, JE Dutton & RE Quinn (toim.) Positive organizational scholarship. In: San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.
  • Reich, R. B. (2002). The future of success: Working and living in the new economy: Vintage.
  • Ryan, R. M. ve Deci, E. L. (2000). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations: Classic definitions and new directions. Contemporary educational psychology, 25(1), 54-67.
  • Salehi, K. (2018). Representation of Causes of Reducing the Job Motivation of Teachers to perform Occupational Activities: A Phenomenological Study. Research in Teacher Education (RTE), 2(1), 71-107.
  • Scherer, R. F., Luther, D. C., Wiebe, F. A. ve Adams, J. S. (1988). Dimensionality of coping: Factor stability using the ways of coping questionnaire. Psychological reports, 62(3), 763-770.
  • Shankar, R. S., Rajanikanth, J., Sivaramaraju, V. ve Murthy, K. (2018). Prediction of employee attrition using datamining. Paper presented at the 2018 ieee international conference on system, computation, automation and networking (icscan). 2018, pp. 1-8, doi: 10.1109/ICSCAN.2018.8541242.
  • Slavec, A. ve Drnovšek, M. (2012). A perspective on scale development in entrepreneurship research. Economic and business Review, 14(1).
  • Steger, M. F., Frazier, P., Oishi, S. ve Kaler, M. (2006). The meaning in life questionnaire: assessing the presence of and search for meaning in life. Journal of counseling psychology, 53(1), 80.
  • Steger, M. F., ve Dik, B. J. (2010). Work as meaning. In P. A. Linley, S. Harrington, & N. Page (Eds.), Oxford.handbook of positive psychology and work (pp.131–142). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
  • Stets, J. E. ve Burke, P. J. (2000). Identity theory and social identity theory. Social psychology quarterly, 224-237.
  • Sümbüloğlu, V. ve Sümbüloğlu, K. (2005), Klinik ve saha araştirmalarinda örnekleme yöntemleri ve büyüklüğü, Alp Ofset Matbaacılık Ltd. Şti., Ankara.
  • Tezbaşaran, A. (1996). Likert tipi ölçek geliştirme kılavuzu, Psikologlar Derneği Yayınları. In: Ankara.
  • Tutar, H. ve Erdem, A. T. (2020). Örnekleriyle bilimsel araştirma yöntemleri ve-SPSS uygulamaları. Seçkin Yayıncılık.
  • Vachez, Y., Carcenac, C., Magnard, R., Kerkerian‐Le Goff, L., Salin, P., Savasta, M., Carnicella, S. ve Boulet, S. (2020). Subthalamic nucleus stimulation impairs motivation: implication for apathy in Parkinson's disease. Movement Disorders, 35(4), 616-628.
  • Vuori, T., San, E. ve Kira, M. (2012), "Meaningfulness‐making at work", Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management, Vol. 7 No. 2, pp. 231-248. https://doi.org/10.1108/17465641211253110
  • Wang, T.-C., Chen, W.-T., Kang, Y.-N., Lin, C.-W., Cheng, C.-Y., Suk, F.-M., Chen, H.-Y., Hsu, C.-W., Fong, T.-H. ve Huang, W.-C. (2021). Why do pre-clinical medical students learn ultrasound? Exploring learning motivation through ERG theory. BMC medical education, 21(1), 1-9.
  • Wood, R. ve Bandura, A. (1989). Impact of conceptions of ability on self-regulatory mechanisms and complex decision making. Journal of personality and social psychology, 56(3), 407.
  • Wrzesniewski, A. (2003). Finding positive meaning in work. Positive organizational scholarship: Foundations of a new discipline, 296-308.
  • Zhang, C., Mayer, D. M. ve Hwang, E. (2018). More is less: Learning but not relaxing buffers deviance under job stressors. Journal of Applied Psychology, 103(2), 123.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Management
Published Date Yaz
Journal Section Research Papers
Authors

Hasan TUTAR>
BOLU ABANT İZZET BAYSAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-8383-1464
Türkiye


Ahmet Tuncay ERDEM> (Primary Author)
Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi İletişim Fakültesi
0000-0003-4573-8415
Türkiye

Publication Date June 30, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 18

Cite

Bibtex @research article { iktisad1023806, journal = {İktisadi İdari ve Siyasal Araştırmalar Dergisi}, eissn = {2564-7466}, address = {}, publisher = {H. Mustafa PAKSOY}, year = {2022}, volume = {7}, number = {18}, pages = {316 - 336}, doi = {10.25204/iktisad.1023806}, title = {İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeği (İYÖ): Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışması}, key = {cite}, author = {Tutar, Hasan and Erdem, Ahmet Tuncay} }
APA Tutar, H. & Erdem, A. T. (2022). İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeği (İYÖ): Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışması . İktisadi İdari ve Siyasal Araştırmalar Dergisi , 7 (18) , 316-336 . DOI: 10.25204/iktisad.1023806
MLA Tutar, H. , Erdem, A. T. "İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeği (İYÖ): Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışması" . İktisadi İdari ve Siyasal Araştırmalar Dergisi 7 (2022 ): 316-336 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/iktisad/issue/70356/1023806>
Chicago Tutar, H. , Erdem, A. T. "İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeği (İYÖ): Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışması". İktisadi İdari ve Siyasal Araştırmalar Dergisi 7 (2022 ): 316-336
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Employee Attrition Scale (EPS): Scale Development Study AU - HasanTutar, Ahmet TuncayErdem Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.25204/iktisad.1023806 DO - 10.25204/iktisad.1023806 T2 - İktisadi İdari ve Siyasal Araştırmalar Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 316 EP - 336 VL - 7 IS - 18 SN - -2564-7466 M3 - doi: 10.25204/iktisad.1023806 UR - https://doi.org/10.25204/iktisad.1023806 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Economics Business and Political Researches İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeği (İYÖ): Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışması %A Hasan Tutar , Ahmet Tuncay Erdem %T İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeği (İYÖ): Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışması %D 2022 %J İktisadi İdari ve Siyasal Araştırmalar Dergisi %P -2564-7466 %V 7 %N 18 %R doi: 10.25204/iktisad.1023806 %U 10.25204/iktisad.1023806
ISNAD Tutar, Hasan , Erdem, Ahmet Tuncay . "İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeği (İYÖ): Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışması". İktisadi İdari ve Siyasal Araştırmalar Dergisi 7 / 18 (June 2022): 316-336 . https://doi.org/10.25204/iktisad.1023806
AMA Tutar H. , Erdem A. T. İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeği (İYÖ): Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışması. JEBUPOR. 2022; 7(18): 316-336.
Vancouver Tutar H. , Erdem A. T. İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeği (İYÖ): Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışması. İktisadi İdari ve Siyasal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2022; 7(18): 316-336.
IEEE H. Tutar and A. T. Erdem , "İşgören Yıpranması Ölçeği (İYÖ): Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışması", İktisadi İdari ve Siyasal Araştırmalar Dergisi, vol. 7, no. 18, pp. 316-336, Jun. 2022, doi:10.25204/iktisad.1023806