Year 2019, Volume 3 , Issue 2, Pages 62 - 71 2019-06-28

Is it true that date-palm consumes a lot of water?

Imed Ben Aissa [1] , Sami Bouarfa [2] , Olivier Roupsard [3] , Rajouene Majdoub [4]


To improve the irrigation water management in oasian context, evapotranspiration assessment is required. In Tunisian oases, date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is the main crop and its water use is an essential evapotranspiration element. In this research, sap flow measurement was implemented to assess the date palm transpiration inside an irrigated-drained field within which the shallow-groundwater level and the water balance elements were continuously monitored. The site is a Tunisian Saharan oasis, stamped by waterlogging and salinity manifestation and by low-frequency and irregular flooding irrigation. The cropping system is two-storey palm/grass layered system. This paper focuses on one-year period sap flow measurements using a recalibrated Granier's TDP-method. Results showed that the instantly transpiration varied with the air temperature and was high related to the shallow water table nycthemeral fluctuation. The daily transpiration ranged between 0.5 and 3.5 mm d-1 with a clear seasonal variation. A water stress appearance according to water delivery frequency during the summer season was also revealed. The one-year-cumulated date palm transpiration was about 730 mm and represented almost 60% of the overall oasis deduced evapotranspiration. From this experiment case, it was noted that the date palm tree transpiration reflect a modest water consumption (35 to 45%) relatively to the surrounding high evaporative demand and it can be deduced that date palm tree, in itself, isn't a great water consumer in such cropping conditions. After more validation, these elucidations should be considered to rethink the date palm irrigation scheduling and the water management practices inside oasis schemes.

Saharan oasis, Tunisia, Date-palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.), Sap flow, Transpiration, Tunisia
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Published Date June 2019
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-8990-7746
Author: Imed Ben Aissa (Primary Author)
Institution: Regional Research Centre on Horticulture and Organic Agriculture (CRRHAB), Chott-Mariem
Country: Tunisia


Orcid: 0000-0002-8990-7746
Author: Sami Bouarfa
Institution: National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture (Irstea)
Country: France


Orcid: 0000-0002-1319-142X
Author: Olivier Roupsard
Institution: Cirad
Country: France


Orcid: 0000-0003-1661-2207
Author: Rajouene Majdoub
Institution: ISA-CM
Country: Tunisia


Dates

Application Date : December 7, 2018
Acceptance Date : March 20, 2019
Publication Date : June 28, 2019

Bibtex @research article { jaefs468842, journal = {International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-5946}, address = {Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Horticulture, 21280 Diyarbakir / Turkey}, publisher = {Gültekin ÖZDEMİR}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, pages = {62 - 71}, doi = {10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.3}, title = {Is it true that date-palm consumes a lot of water?}, key = {cite}, author = {Ben Aissa, Imed and Bouarfa, Sami and Roupsard, Olivier and Majdoub, Rajouene} }
APA Ben Aissa, I , Bouarfa, S , Roupsard, O , Majdoub, R . (2019). Is it true that date-palm consumes a lot of water?. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 3 (2) , 62-71 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.3
MLA Ben Aissa, I , Bouarfa, S , Roupsard, O , Majdoub, R . "Is it true that date-palm consumes a lot of water?". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 62-71 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jaefs/issue/43810/468842>
Chicago Ben Aissa, I , Bouarfa, S , Roupsard, O , Majdoub, R . "Is it true that date-palm consumes a lot of water?". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 62-71
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Is it true that date-palm consumes a lot of water? AU - Imed Ben Aissa , Sami Bouarfa , Olivier Roupsard , Rajouene Majdoub Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.3 DO - 10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.3 T2 - International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 62 EP - 71 VL - 3 IS - 2 SN - -2618-5946 M3 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.3 UR - https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.3 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences Is it true that date-palm consumes a lot of water? %A Imed Ben Aissa , Sami Bouarfa , Olivier Roupsard , Rajouene Majdoub %T Is it true that date-palm consumes a lot of water? %D 2019 %J International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences %P -2618-5946 %V 3 %N 2 %R doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.3 %U 10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.3
ISNAD Ben Aissa, Imed , Bouarfa, Sami , Roupsard, Olivier , Majdoub, Rajouene . "Is it true that date-palm consumes a lot of water?". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 / 2 (June 2019): 62-71 . https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.3
AMA Ben Aissa I , Bouarfa S , Roupsard O , Majdoub R . Is it true that date-palm consumes a lot of water?. int. j. agric. environ. food sci.. 2019; 3(2): 62-71.
Vancouver Ben Aissa I , Bouarfa S , Roupsard O , Majdoub R . Is it true that date-palm consumes a lot of water?. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences. 2019; 3(2): 71-62.