Research Article
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Influence of Different Priming Materials on Germination and Alpha-Amylase Enzyme of Hybrids Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench. x Sorghum sudanense Staph.) Seeds

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 2, 213 - 220, 28.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.2.11

Abstract

Germination is considered a critical step in the development cycle of the plant. But no information is available regarding seed priming with Putrescine, Jasmonic acid, Kinetin, Potassium Nitrate (KNO3), Salicylic acid at a time in the aged and non-aged seeds of sorghum cultivars. However, to know the effect of seed priming with the aforesaid chemicals in the aged and non-aged seeds of sorghum cultivars on the germination rate, germination vigour and alpha-amylase activity, research was conducted under laboratory condition, at Field Crops Central Research Institute, Ankara, Turkey. Aged and unaged seeds of Sugar Grazer II and Digestivo hybrid silage sorghum cultivars were used as the seed material of the experiment. Putrescine, Jasmonic acid, Kinetin, KNO3 and Salicylic acid were used as priming chemicals. The results revealed that aged and un-aged seeds of the cultivars showed different responses to similar chemical and KNO3 application to un-aged seeds had a positive effect on germination rate and alpha-amylase, Whereas Jasmonic acid and Putrescine applications had a positive effect on the aged seeds. Priming with putrescine, KNO3 and jasmonic acid showed the best results in the experiment. 

References

  • Anonymous. (2011). International Rules for Seed Testing. Edition, International Seed Testing Association, Chapter 5, Bassersdorf, Switzerland.
  • Anonymous. (2014). Merc. Retrieved from http://www.sigmaaldrich.com
  • Asadi Danalo, A., Shekari, F., Sabaghnia, N., & Nasiri, Y. (2018). Effect of polyamines application on germination and physiological characteristics of borage (Borago officinalis L.). Agriculture & Forestry, 64(3), 127-140. Doi: https://doi.org/10.17707/AgricultForest.64.3.11
  • Basra, S. M. A., Farooq, M., Tabassam, R., Ahmad, N. (2005).. Seed Science and Technology, 33(3), 623-62 Physiological and biochemical aspects of pre-sowing seed treatments in fine rice (Oryza sativa L.) 8. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2005.33.3.09
  • Buyukcingil, Y. (2007). Effects of priming on germination and seedling emergence performance of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) at low temperature. KSU Institute of Science and Field Crops Department Master thesis. pp.56.
  • Canakci, S. (2010). Arpa (Hordeum vulgare L.) tohumlarının çimlenmesi, çeşitli büyüme parametreleri ve pigment miktarları üzerine salisilik asit ve ferulik asit’in etkileri. Fırat Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 22 (1), 37-45.
  • Catusse, J., Job, C., Jon, D. (2012). Proteomics reveals a potential role of the perisperm in starch remobilization during sugar beet seed germination.  In Seed Development: OMICS Technologies Toward Improvement of Seed Quality and Crop Yield, 27–41. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-47494
  • Cavusoglu, K., Kilic, S., Kabar, K. (2007). Some morphological and anatomical observations in alleviation of salinity stress by gibberellic acid, kinetin and ethylene during germination of barley seeds. Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Arts and Science Journal of Science, 2(1), 27-40.
  • Dehghanpour Farashah, H., Afshari, R., Sharifzadeh, F., Chavoshinasab, S. (2011). Germination improvement and alpha-amylase and beta-1, 3-glucanase activity in dormant and non-dormant seeds of oregano (‘Origanum vulgare’). Australian Journal of Crop Science, 5(4), 421-427. Retrieved from https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.1070.428&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  • Di Girolamo, G., Barbanti, L. (2012). Treatment conditions and biochemical processes influencing seed priming effectiveness. Italian Journal of Agronomy, e25. Doi: https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2012.25
  • Ebrahim Pour Mokhtari, N., Emeklier. H.Y. (2018). Effect of seed priming on yield and yield components of sorghum hybrids (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench. X Sorghum sudanense Staph.). Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 27 (7), 4759-4768.
  • Goel, A., Goel, A.K., Sheoran, I.S., 2002. Changes in oxidative stress enzymes during artificial ageing in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seeds. J. Plant Physiol., 160:1093-1100. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1078/0176-1617-00881
  • Lee, S.S., Kim, J.H. (2000). Total sugars, α-amylase activity and germination after priming of normal and aged rice seeds. Korean Journal of Crop Sciences, 45, 108–11. Retrieved from https://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=KR2001000753
  • Lehner, A., Mamadou, N., Poels, P., Côme, D., Bailly, C., Corbineau. F. (2008). Changes in soluble carbohydrates, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme activities in the embryo during ageing in wheat grains. J. Cereal Sci., 47, 555-565. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.2007.06.017
  • Madakadze, I.C., Prithiviraj, B., Madakadze, R.M., Stewart, K., Peterson, P., Coulman, B.E., Smith, D.L. (2000). Effect of preplant seed conditioning treatment on the germination of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). Seed Sci. & Technol., 28, 403-411. Retrieved from https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20003034673
  • Matthews, S. (1980). Controlled deterioration: A new vigour test for crop seeds. In: Seed Production. Hebblethwaite P.D. (Ed.), Buttherworths, pp. 647-660, London.
  • McDonald, M.B., (1999). Seed Deterioration: Physiology, Repair and Assessment. Seed Sci. & Technol., 27 (1), 177-237.
  • Mukasa, Y., Takahashi, H., Taguchi, K., Ogata, N., Okazaki, K., Tanaka, M. (2003). Accumulation of soluble sugar in true seeds by priming of sugar beet seeds and the effects of priming on growth and yield of drilled plants. Plant production science, 6(1), 74-82. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1626/pps.6.74
  • Narayana Murthy, U. M., Sun, W. Q. (2000). Protein modification by Amadori and Maillard reactions during seed storage: roles of sugar hydrolysis and lipid peroxidation. Journal of Experimental Botany, 51(348), 1221-1228. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/51.348.1221
  • Sathish, S., Sundareswaran, S. (2010). Biochemical evaluation of seed priming in fresh and aged seeds of maize hybrid [COH (M) 5] and its parental lines. Curr. Biot, 4, 162-170.
  • Shang, J., Zhao, K. (1993). Organic substance metabolism during seed germination of Pinus bungeana. J. Northeast For. Univ., 4, 66–69. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02843075
  • Shrivastava, A. K., Pandey, B., & Chauhan, D. (2014). Phytochemical analysis of Adiantum and Pteris ferns & its role as antioxidant. Indian J. Sci. Res, 4(1), 31-38.
  • Singh, H., Singh Sodhi, N., Singh, N. (2009). Structure and Functional Properties of Acid Thinned Sorghum Starch. International Journal of Food Properties, 12, 713-725. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10942910801995614
  • Sun, Z.T., Henson, C.A. A. (1991). Quantitative assessment of the importance of barley seed α-amylase, β-amylase, debranching enzyme, and α-glucosidase in starch degradation. Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 284, 298–305. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-9861(91)90299-X
  • Tekin, F., Bozcuk, S. (1998). Effects of salt and exogenous putrescine on seed germination and early seedling growth of Helianthus annuus L. var. Santafe, Turkish Journal of Biology, 22(3), 331-340. Retrieved from https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/biology/issues/biy-98-22-3/biy-22-3-9-96089.pdf
  • Xu, S., Hu, J., Li, Y., Ma, W., Zheng, Y., & Zhu, S. (2011). Chilling tolerance in Nicotiana tabacum induced by seed priming with putrescine. Plant Growth Regulation, 63(3), 279-290. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-010-9528-z
  • Zamani, A., Sadat Nouri, S. A., Tavakol Afshar, R., Iran Nezhad, H., Akbari, G. A., Tavakoli, A. (2010). Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes activity under natural and accelerated aging in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) seed. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science, 41(3), 545-554. Retrieved from https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20113248366

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 2, 213 - 220, 28.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.2.11

Abstract

References

  • Anonymous. (2011). International Rules for Seed Testing. Edition, International Seed Testing Association, Chapter 5, Bassersdorf, Switzerland.
  • Anonymous. (2014). Merc. Retrieved from http://www.sigmaaldrich.com
  • Asadi Danalo, A., Shekari, F., Sabaghnia, N., & Nasiri, Y. (2018). Effect of polyamines application on germination and physiological characteristics of borage (Borago officinalis L.). Agriculture & Forestry, 64(3), 127-140. Doi: https://doi.org/10.17707/AgricultForest.64.3.11
  • Basra, S. M. A., Farooq, M., Tabassam, R., Ahmad, N. (2005).. Seed Science and Technology, 33(3), 623-62 Physiological and biochemical aspects of pre-sowing seed treatments in fine rice (Oryza sativa L.) 8. Doi: https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2005.33.3.09
  • Buyukcingil, Y. (2007). Effects of priming on germination and seedling emergence performance of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) at low temperature. KSU Institute of Science and Field Crops Department Master thesis. pp.56.
  • Canakci, S. (2010). Arpa (Hordeum vulgare L.) tohumlarının çimlenmesi, çeşitli büyüme parametreleri ve pigment miktarları üzerine salisilik asit ve ferulik asit’in etkileri. Fırat Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 22 (1), 37-45.
  • Catusse, J., Job, C., Jon, D. (2012). Proteomics reveals a potential role of the perisperm in starch remobilization during sugar beet seed germination.  In Seed Development: OMICS Technologies Toward Improvement of Seed Quality and Crop Yield, 27–41. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-47494
  • Cavusoglu, K., Kilic, S., Kabar, K. (2007). Some morphological and anatomical observations in alleviation of salinity stress by gibberellic acid, kinetin and ethylene during germination of barley seeds. Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Arts and Science Journal of Science, 2(1), 27-40.
  • Dehghanpour Farashah, H., Afshari, R., Sharifzadeh, F., Chavoshinasab, S. (2011). Germination improvement and alpha-amylase and beta-1, 3-glucanase activity in dormant and non-dormant seeds of oregano (‘Origanum vulgare’). Australian Journal of Crop Science, 5(4), 421-427. Retrieved from https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.1070.428&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  • Di Girolamo, G., Barbanti, L. (2012). Treatment conditions and biochemical processes influencing seed priming effectiveness. Italian Journal of Agronomy, e25. Doi: https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2012.25
  • Ebrahim Pour Mokhtari, N., Emeklier. H.Y. (2018). Effect of seed priming on yield and yield components of sorghum hybrids (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench. X Sorghum sudanense Staph.). Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 27 (7), 4759-4768.
  • Goel, A., Goel, A.K., Sheoran, I.S., 2002. Changes in oxidative stress enzymes during artificial ageing in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seeds. J. Plant Physiol., 160:1093-1100. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1078/0176-1617-00881
  • Lee, S.S., Kim, J.H. (2000). Total sugars, α-amylase activity and germination after priming of normal and aged rice seeds. Korean Journal of Crop Sciences, 45, 108–11. Retrieved from https://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=KR2001000753
  • Lehner, A., Mamadou, N., Poels, P., Côme, D., Bailly, C., Corbineau. F. (2008). Changes in soluble carbohydrates, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme activities in the embryo during ageing in wheat grains. J. Cereal Sci., 47, 555-565. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.2007.06.017
  • Madakadze, I.C., Prithiviraj, B., Madakadze, R.M., Stewart, K., Peterson, P., Coulman, B.E., Smith, D.L. (2000). Effect of preplant seed conditioning treatment on the germination of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). Seed Sci. & Technol., 28, 403-411. Retrieved from https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20003034673
  • Matthews, S. (1980). Controlled deterioration: A new vigour test for crop seeds. In: Seed Production. Hebblethwaite P.D. (Ed.), Buttherworths, pp. 647-660, London.
  • McDonald, M.B., (1999). Seed Deterioration: Physiology, Repair and Assessment. Seed Sci. & Technol., 27 (1), 177-237.
  • Mukasa, Y., Takahashi, H., Taguchi, K., Ogata, N., Okazaki, K., Tanaka, M. (2003). Accumulation of soluble sugar in true seeds by priming of sugar beet seeds and the effects of priming on growth and yield of drilled plants. Plant production science, 6(1), 74-82. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1626/pps.6.74
  • Narayana Murthy, U. M., Sun, W. Q. (2000). Protein modification by Amadori and Maillard reactions during seed storage: roles of sugar hydrolysis and lipid peroxidation. Journal of Experimental Botany, 51(348), 1221-1228. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/51.348.1221
  • Sathish, S., Sundareswaran, S. (2010). Biochemical evaluation of seed priming in fresh and aged seeds of maize hybrid [COH (M) 5] and its parental lines. Curr. Biot, 4, 162-170.
  • Shang, J., Zhao, K. (1993). Organic substance metabolism during seed germination of Pinus bungeana. J. Northeast For. Univ., 4, 66–69. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02843075
  • Shrivastava, A. K., Pandey, B., & Chauhan, D. (2014). Phytochemical analysis of Adiantum and Pteris ferns & its role as antioxidant. Indian J. Sci. Res, 4(1), 31-38.
  • Singh, H., Singh Sodhi, N., Singh, N. (2009). Structure and Functional Properties of Acid Thinned Sorghum Starch. International Journal of Food Properties, 12, 713-725. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10942910801995614
  • Sun, Z.T., Henson, C.A. A. (1991). Quantitative assessment of the importance of barley seed α-amylase, β-amylase, debranching enzyme, and α-glucosidase in starch degradation. Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 284, 298–305. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-9861(91)90299-X
  • Tekin, F., Bozcuk, S. (1998). Effects of salt and exogenous putrescine on seed germination and early seedling growth of Helianthus annuus L. var. Santafe, Turkish Journal of Biology, 22(3), 331-340. Retrieved from https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/biology/issues/biy-98-22-3/biy-22-3-9-96089.pdf
  • Xu, S., Hu, J., Li, Y., Ma, W., Zheng, Y., & Zhu, S. (2011). Chilling tolerance in Nicotiana tabacum induced by seed priming with putrescine. Plant Growth Regulation, 63(3), 279-290. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-010-9528-z
  • Zamani, A., Sadat Nouri, S. A., Tavakol Afshar, R., Iran Nezhad, H., Akbari, G. A., Tavakoli, A. (2010). Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes activity under natural and accelerated aging in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) seed. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science, 41(3), 545-554. Retrieved from https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20113248366

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Agriculture
Published Date June 2021
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Negar EBRAHIM POUR MOKHTARI
GAZİANTEP ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İSLAHİYE MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU, BİTKİSEL VE HAYVANSAL ÜRETİM BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0002-2307-5756
Iran


Ferhat KIZILGEÇİ (Primary Author)
MARDİN ARTUKLU ÜNİVERSİTESİ, KIZILTEPE MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU, BİTKİSEL VE HAYVANSAL ÜRETİM BÖLÜMÜ, TOHUMCULUK PR.
0000-0002-7884-5463
Türkiye

Publication Date June 28, 2021
Application Date March 19, 2021
Acceptance Date June 7, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 2

Cite

APA Ebrahım Pour Mokhtarı, N. & Kızılgeçi, F. (2021). Influence of Different Priming Materials on Germination and Alpha-Amylase Enzyme of Hybrids Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench. x Sorghum sudanense Staph.) Seeds . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 5 (2) , 213-220 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2021.2.11